Hypertrophy and Sclerosis of the Brain in Idiots.—Dr. Oscar Brückner (“Archiv.,” xii. Band, 3 Heft) has made a curious study of the symptoms and pathological appearances found in the brain of an imbecile woman who died in the asylum at Halle. She came of a family visited by phthisis, but free from any neurosis. She was weak-minded from birth, began to speak at two years of age, and to walk about four. She was sent to school at seven years of age, but it was found that she could not learn. There were no epileptic fits till the ninth year, when she experienced a very severe one. After this she had frequent spasms of one or other of the extremities, like the motions of chorea, accompanied by momentary loss of consciousness. There was also a jerking character about her ordinary movements, which had not been noticed before. Her mental powers at the same time became duller. She was more apathetic and indolent. In a few years the convulsions ceased, and the mental faculties became brighter. In September, 1876, after being teased by some children, she passed into a state of maniacal fury, which necessitated her entrance into the asylum. In a short time she passed into a state of dementia. She spoke little, would not dress herself or comb her hair, and was sometimes dirty in her habits. After a year the epileptic movements returned, and she was shifted into the poor-house as incurable, where she died of phthisis in 1880.
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