The expulsion of the Moors has been the cause commonly assigned for the mental decadence of Spain during the succeeding centuries. Possibly too much importance has been attached to this event. For many years before their expulsion from the Peninsula the Moors themselves were in a state of decadence. Politically they were in a state of anarchy. The brave days of Abd-er-Rahman III and those of Almanzor were but memories of the past. The golden age of the Schools of Cordova had closed. The architects, who had built unrivalled mosques and palaces, and the gardeners, who had laid out paradise and pleasance, had passed away, and their cunning had died with them. And what was more, the West could no longer borrow from the East the oil to feed the dying lamp of knowledge. Learning was expiring in Egypt, in Damascus, and in Baghdad. Persia produced no new Abu Ali Ibn Sina. A veritable blight had fallen upon Islam.
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