There being no law on lunacy in Egypt, all procedure is by administrative orders. The Government has the right to take any steps necessary to secure public order. There is no Habeas Corpus Statute in Egypt. The Criminal Code prohibits illegal sequestration, but if the sequestration is done by the Government with a proper motive, it is apparently justifiable legally. The existing public hospitals for the insane belong to the Central Government; the local municipalities and commissions have none. In the local general hospitals, however, under the Public Health Ministry, there are special rooms constructed for the temporary accommodation of insane persons awaiting certification, or too ill to travel. The Lunacy Division of the Ministry of the Interior administers the hospitals for the insane and issues the necessary orders, which are, however, signed by the Minister; it also proposes the annual budget, and expends the sums granted according to the regulations of the Ministry of Finance. Grants for buildings are made to the Public Works Department, which plans the buildings on the instructions of the Lunacy Division, arranges the contracts, and supervises construction. The Division is almost as autonomous as a Government Department can be; and subject to the technical regulations of the various Ministries and the approval of the Minister, can decide its own questions. The legal Counsellor of the Ministry of the Interior advises it in legal questions, and defends it when attacked in Court. For the present the Director of the Division also acts as Director of the chief hospital at Abbâsîya, but the arrangement should be altered on the passage of a Lunacy Act.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.