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The African University and Human Resource Development

  • Frederick Harbison


There is a very close relationship between education and the economic growth of modern nations.1 Most of us also accept the slogan that the real basis for social, economic, and political progress is the development of the skills, knowledge, and creative capacities of people. These, of course, are ‘self-evident truths’. But by themselves, they really offer little practical justification for tangible investment in education projects.



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Page 53 note 1 For example, taking Gross National Product (G.N.P.) as an index of economic growth, in a recent study of 75 countries the following correlation coefficients were found:

For elaboration, see Harbison, Frederick and Myers, Charles A., Education, Manpower and Economic Growth (New York, 1964), ch. 3.

Page 56 note 1 In practice, manpower targets must be expressed in terms of major occupational groups —i.e. engineers, administrators, teachers, agriculturalists, and so on. The methodology of occupational target setting is rather complicated and need not concern us here. For further elaboration, see Harbison and Myers, op. cit. ch. 9 and 10.

Page 59 note 1 Julius K. Nyerere, Address to Parliament, Dar es Salaam, 12 May 1964.

* Professor of Economics and Director, Industrial Relations Section, Princeton University, New Jersey

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The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-278X
  • EISSN: 1469-7777
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-modern-african-studies
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