Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Peace from below: Governance and peacebuilding in Kerio Valley, Kenya*

  • Emma Elfversson (a1)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Under what circumstances can non-state actors become successful local peacemakers? A growing body of research documents the involvement of non-state actors in local conflict resolution in Africa. However, there is large variation in such actors' power, legitimacy, and ultimately their ability to contribute to conflict resolution. The ways in which contextual and dynamic factors at local and national levels, and in particular the relationship between non-state and state actors and institutions, affect local conflict resolution are not sufficiently understood. To address this gap, this paper analyses the peace process addressing a long-standing conflict in Kerio Valley, Kenya. The analysis illustrates how the failure of the state to provide security and basic services led non-state actors to fill important roles in governance. Through this process, they were endowed with legitimacy and power which enabled them to play key roles in a peace process that led to a mutually acceptable peace agreement.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Email: emma.elfversson@pcr.uu.se
Footnotes
Hide All
*

The author would like to thank the Anna Maria Lundin Foundation for fieldwork scholarships, Sylvester Kipkosgei Rotich for valuable field assistance, and two anonymous reviewers for their insights and constructive comments which significantly improved this article.

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J.N. Brass 2012. ‘Blurring boundaries: the integration of NGOs into governance in Kenya’, Governance 25, 2: 209–35.

L. Buur & H.M. Kyed . 2007. State Recognition and Democratization in Sub-Saharan Africa: a new dawn for traditional authorities? New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

M. Doornbos 2010. ‘Researching African statehood dynamics: Negotiability and its limits’, Development and Change 41, 4: 747–69.

D. Eaton 2008. ‘The business of peace: raiding and peace work along the Kenya–Uganda border’ (Part I & II), African Affairs 107, 426: 89110 and 427: 243–59.

E. Elfversson 2015. ‘Providing security or protecting interests? Government interventions in violent communal conflicts in Africa’, Journal of Peace Research 52, 6: 791805.

L.A. Fujii 2010. ‘Shades of truth and lies: interpreting testimonies of war and violence’, Journal of Peace Research 47, 2: 231–41.

T. Hagmann & D. Péclard . 2011. ‘Introduction’, in T. Hagmann & D. Péclard , eds. Negotiating Statehood: dynamics of power and domination in Africa. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 123.

C. Lund 2001. ‘Seeking certainty and aggravating ambiguity: on property, paper and authority in Niger’, IDS Bulletin 32, 4: 4753.

G. Lynch 2011. I Say to You: ethnic politics and the Kalenjin in Kenya. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

R. Mac Ginty 2008. ‘Indigenous peace-making versus the liberal peace’, Cooperation and Conflict 43, 2: 139163.

K. Meagher 2012. ‘The strength of weak states? Non-state security forces and hybrid governance in Africa’, Development and Change 43, 5: 1073–101.

J.S. Migdal 2001. State in Society: studying how states and societies transform and constitute one another. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

I.W. Zartman 2001. ‘The timing of peace initiatives: hurting stalemates and ripe moments’, Global Review of Ethnopolitics 1, 1: 818.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-278X
  • EISSN: 1469-7777
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-modern-african-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 7
Total number of PDF views: 141 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 678 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.