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    Brookie, Kate L. Mainvil, Louise A. Carr, Anitra C. Vissers, Margreet C.M. and Conner, Tamlin S. 2017. The development and effectiveness of an ecological momentary intervention to increase daily fruit and vegetable consumption in low-consuming young adults. Appetite, Vol. 108, p. 32.


    Conner, Tamlin S. Brookie, Kate L. Richardson, Aimee C. and Polak, Maria A. 2015. On carrots and curiosity: Eating fruit and vegetables is associated with greater flourishing in daily life. British Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 20, Issue. 2, p. 413.


    Qin, Yuhong Zhang, Jingru He, Yining Han, Yongtao Zou, Nan Li, Yanjie Chen, Ronghua Li, Xuesheng and Pan, Canping 2016. Automated Multiplug Filtration Cleanup for Pesticide Residue Analyses in Kiwi Fruit (Actinidia chinensis) and Kiwi Juice by Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 64, Issue. 31, p. 6082.


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  • Journal of Nutritional Science, Volume 2
  • 2013, e24

Mood improvement in young adult males following supplementation with gold kiwifruit, a high-vitamin C food

  • Anitra C. Carr (a1), Stephanie M. Bozonet (a1), Juliet M. Pullar (a1) and Margreet C. M. Vissers (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jns.2013.12
  • Published online: 24 July 2013
Abstract
Abstract

Enhanced intakes of fruit and vegetables have been associated with improved psychological well-being. We investigated the potential mood-enhancing effects of kiwifruit, a fruit rich in vitamin C and a number of other important micronutrients. Young adult males (n 35) were supplemented with either half or two kiwifruit/d for 6 weeks. Profile of Mood States questionnaires were completed at baseline and following the intervention. No effect on overall mood was observed in the half a kiwifruit/d group; however, a 35 % (P = 0·06) trend towards a decrease in total mood disturbance and a 32 % (P = 0·063) trend towards a decrease in depression were observed in the two kiwifruit/d group. Subgroup analysis indicated that participants with higher baseline mood disturbance exhibited a significant 38 % (P = 0·029) decrease in total mood disturbance, as well as a 38 % (P = 0·048) decrease in fatigue, 31 % (P = 0·024) increase in vigour and a 34 % (P = 0·075) trend towards a decrease in depression, following supplementation with two kiwifruit/d. There was no effect of two kiwifruit/d on the mood scores of participants with lower baseline mood disturbance. Dietary intakes and body status of specific micronutrients indicated a significant increase in the participants' vitamin C intakes and corresponding plasma levels of the vitamin. The results indicate that enhanced intake of kiwifruit by individuals with moderate mood disturbance can improve overall mood.

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Copyright
The online version of this article is published within an Open Access environment subject to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/>. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use.
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Anitra Carr, fax + 64 3 378 6540, email anitra.carr@otago.ac.nz
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