Skip to main content

Borings in Devonian and Mississippian blastoids (Echinodermata)

  • Tomasz K. Baumiller (a1) and D. Bradford Macurda (a2)

Previously undescribed holes on the calyx of single specimens of the blastoids Pentremites and Cordyloblastus are circular in plan view, penetrate the test at a right angle, and are found in the interambulacral region. The same features characterize holes on 23 specimens of the Mississippian blastoid Orophocrinus. The holes are interpreted as biogenic in origin; examples of multiple complete holes on individual specimens and of incomplete holes on some blastoids indicate that the holes represent parasitism rather than predation. The similarity of these holes to those previously described in nucleocrinids and crinoids suggests that they were produced by platyceratid gastropods or closely related taxa.

Hide All
Ausich, W. I., and Gurolla, R. A. 1979. Two boring organisms in Lower Mississippian community of southern Indiana. Journal of Paleontology, 53:335344.
Baumiller, T. K. 1990. Non-predatory drilling of Mississippian crinoids by platyceratid gastropods. Palaeontology, 33:743748.
Baumiller, T. K. 1993. Boreholes in Devonian blastoids and their implications for boring by platyceratids. Lethaia, 26:4147.
Bowsher, A. L. 1955. Origin and adaptation of platyceratid gastropods. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Mollusca Article, 5:111.
Brett, C. E., and Bordeaux, Y. L. 1990. Taphonomy of brachiopods from a Middle Devonian shell bed: implications for the genesis of skeletal accumulations, p. 219225. In MacKinnon, D. I., Lee, D. E., and Campbell, J. D. (eds.), Brachiopods Through Time. Balkema, Rotterdam.
Brunton, H. 1966. Predation and shell damage in a Visean brachiopod fauna. Palaeontology, 41:355359.
Cameron, B. 1967. Oldest carnivorous gastropod borings found in Trentonian (Middle Ordovician) brachiopods. Journal of Paleontology, 41:147150.
Chatterton, B. D. E., and Whitehead, H. L. 1987. Predatory borings in the inarticulate brachiopod Artiotrea from the Silurian of Oklahoma. Lethaia, 20:6774.
Cline, L. M., and Beaver, H. 1957. Blastoids, p. 955960. In Ladd, H. S. (ed.), Treatise on Marine Ecology and Paleoecology, Volume 2. Geological Society of America, Memoir 67.
Conway Morris, S., and Bengtson, S. 1994. Cambrian predators: possible evidence from boreholes. Journal of Paleontology, 68:123.
Cummings, E. R., Beede, J. W., Branson, E. B., and Smith, E. A. 1905. The fauna of Salem Limestone of Indiana. 30th Annual Report of the Department of Geology and Natural Resources of Indiana, 11871486.
Fenton, C. L., and Fenton, M. A. 1931. Some small borings of Paleozoic age. American Midland Naturalist, 12:522528.
Kabat, A. R. 1990. Predatory ecology of naticid gastropods with a review of shell boring predation. Malacologia, 32:155193.
Kelley, P. H., and Hansen, T. A. 1993. Evolution of the naticid gastropod predator-prey system: an evaluation of the hypothesis of escalation. Palaios, 8:358375.
Kelley, P. H., and Hansen, T. A. (in review). Recovery of the naticid gastropod predator-prey system from the Cretaceous–Tertiary and Eocene-Oligocene extinctions. Geological Society of London Memoir.
Kelly, S. M. 1984. Paleoecology and paleontology of the Indian Springs shale member, Big Clifty Formation (Middle Chesterian) in south-central Indiana. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, 364 p.
Levin, H. L., and Fay, R. O. 1964. Relationship between Diploblastus kirkwoodensis and Platyceras (Platyceras) . Oklahoma Geology Notes, 24:2229.
Liljedahl, L. 1985. Ecological aspects of a silicified bivalve fauna from the Silurian of Gotland. Lethaia, 18:5366.
Macurda, D. B. Jr. 1965. The functional morphology and stratigraphic distribution of the Mississippian blastoid Orophocrinus . Journal of Paleontology, 39:10451096.
Meek, F. B., and Worthen, A. H. 1868. Geology and paleontology of Illinois, part 2. Illinois Geological Survey, Paleontology, 3:1386.
Miller, R. H., and Sundberg, F. A. 1984. Boring Late Cambrian organisms. Lethaia, 17:185190.
Rohr, P. M. 1976. Silurian predator borings in the brachiopod Dicoelosia from the Canadian Arctic. Journal of Paleontology, 50:11751179.
Rohr, D. M. 1991. Borings in a shell of an Ordovician (Whiterockian) gastropod. Journal of Paleontology, 65:687688.
Sheehan, P. M., and Lespérance, P. J. 1978. Effect of predation on population dynamics of a Devonian brachiopod. Journal of Paleontology, 52:812817.
Signor, P. W., and Brett, C. E. 1984. The mid-Paleozoic precursor to the Mesozoic marine revolution. Paleobiology, 10:229245.
Smith, S. A., Thayer, C. W., and Brett, C. E. 1985. Predation in the Paleozoic: gastropod-like drillholes in Devonian brachiopods. Science, 230:10331037.
Sohl, N. F. 1969. The fossil record of shell borings by snails. American Zoologist, 9:725734.
Steininger, J. 1853. Geognostische Beschreibung der Eifel. Franz Lintz'schen Buchhandlung, Trier, 143 p.
Thein, M. L., and Nitecki, M. H. 1974. Chesterian (Upper Mississippian) Gastropoda of the Illinois basin. Fieldiana Geology, 34:1238.
Vermeij, G. J. 1987. Evolution and Escalation. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 527 p.
Waters, J. A., Joyce, L. G., and Horowitz, A. S. 1978. Commensal relations on some populations of Pentremites say (Blastoidea) from the Chesterian (Late Mississippian). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 10:512.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 111 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd April 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.