Perry, Tahlia van Loenen, Ayla L. Heiniger, Holly Lee, Carol Gongora, Jaime Cooper, Alan and Mitchell, Kieren J. 2017. Ancient DNA analysis of the extinct North American flat-headed peccary ( Platygonus compressus ). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol. 112, p. 258.
Farris, David W. Cardona, Agustin Montes, Camilo Foster, David Jaramillo, Carlos and Buchs, David 2017. Magmatic evolution of Panama Canal volcanic rocks: A record of arc processes and tectonic change. PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, Issue. 5, p. e0176010.
Bacon, Christine D. Molnar, Peter Antonelli, Alexandre Crawford, Andrew J. Montes, Camilo and Vallejo-Pareja, Maria Camila 2016. Quaternary glaciation and the Great American Biotic Interchange. Geology, Vol. 44, Issue. 5, p. 375.
Steadman, David. W. and MacFadden, Bruce J. 2016. A large eagle (Aves, Accipitridae) from the early Miocene of Panama. Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 90, Issue. 05, p. 1012.
Carrillo-Briceño, Jorge D. De Gracia, Carlos Pimiento, Catalina Aguilera, Orangel A. Kindlimann, René Santamarina, Patricio and Jaramillo, Carlos 2015. A new Late Miocene chondrichthyan assemblage from the Chagres Formation, Panama. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol. 60, p. 56.
Jaramillo, C. Moreno, F. Hendy, A. J. W. Sánchez-Villagra, Marcelo R. and Marty, Daniel 2015. Preface: La Guajira, Colombia: a new window into the Cenozoic neotropical biodiversity and the Great American Biotic Interchange. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology, Vol. 134, Issue. 1, p. 1.
Moreno, F. Hendy, A. J. W. Quiroz, L. Hoyos, N. Jones, D. S. Zapata, V. Zapata, S. Ballen, G. A. Cadena, E. Cárdenas, A. L. Carrillo-Briceño, J. D. Carrillo, J. D. Delgado-Sierra, D. Escobar, J. Martínez, J. I. Martínez, C. Montes, C. Moreno, J. Pérez, N. Sánchez, R. Suárez, C. Vallejo-Pareja, M. C. and Jaramillo, C. 2015. Revised stratigraphy of Neogene strata in the Cocinetas Basin, La Guajira, Colombia. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology, Vol. 134, Issue. 1, p. 5.
MacFadden, Bruce J. Morgan, Gary S. Jones, Douglas S. and Rincon, Aldo F. 2015. Gomphothere proboscidean (Gomphotherium) from the late Neogene of Panama. Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 89, Issue. 02, p. 360.
MacFadden, Bruce J. Symister, Chanika Cannarozzi, Nicole Pimiento, Catalina and De Gracia, Carlos 2015. Comparative Diagenesis and Rare Earth Element Variation in Miocene Invertebrate and Vertebrate Fossils from Panama. The Journal of Geology, Vol. 123, Issue. 6, p. 491.
Bacon, Christine D. Silvestro, Daniele Jaramillo, Carlos Smith, Brian Tilston Chakrabarty, Prosanta and Antonelli, Alexandre 2015. Biological evidence supports an early and complex emergence of the Isthmus of Panama. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue. 19, p. 6110.
Rincon, Aldo F. Bloch, Jonathan I. Macfadden, Bruce J. and Jaramillo, Carlos A. 2015. New early Miocene protoceratids (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from Panama. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol. 35, Issue. 5, p. e970688.
Mestas-Nuñez, Alberto M. and Molnar, Peter 2014. A mechanism for freshening the Caribbean Sea in pre-Ice Age time. Paleoceanography, Vol. 29, Issue. 6, p. 508.
Rodríguez-Reyes, Oris Falcon-Lang, Howard Gasson, Peter Collinson, Margaret and Jaramillo, Carlos 2014. Fossil woods (Malvaceae) from the lower Miocene (early to mid-Burdigalian) part of the Cucaracha Formation of Panama (Central America) and their biogeographic implications. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Vol. 209, p. 11.
MacFadden, Bruce J. Bloch, Jonathan I. Evans, Helen Foster, David A. Morgan, Gary S. Rincon, Aldo and Wood, Aaron R. 2014. Temporal Calibration and Biochronology of the Centenario Fauna, Early Miocene of Panama. The Journal of Geology, Vol. 122, Issue. 2, p. 113.
Rincon, Aldo F. Bloch, Jonathan I. Macfadden, Bruce J. and Jaramillo, Carlos A. 2013. First Central American record of Anthracotheriidae (Mammalia, Bothriodontinae) from the early Miocene of Panama. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol. 33, Issue. 2, p. 421.
Prothero, Donald R. Beatty, Brian L. and Stucky, Richard M. 2013. Simojovelhyus is a peccary, not a helohyid (Mammalia, Artiodactyla). Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 87, Issue. 05, p. 930.
Montes, C. Cardona, A. McFadden, R. Moron, S. E. Silva, C. A. Restrepo-Moreno, S. Ramirez, D. A. Hoyos, N. Wilson, J. Farris, D. Bayona, G. A. Jaramillo, C. A. Valencia, V. Bryan, J. and Flores, J. A. 2012. Evidence for middle Eocene and younger land emergence in central Panama: Implications for Isthmus closure. Geological Society of America Bulletin, Vol. 124, Issue. 5-6, p. 780.
Head, Jason J. Rincon, Aldo F. Suarez, Catalina Montes, Camilo and Jaramillo, Carlos 2012. Fossil evidence for earliest Neogene American faunal interchange:Boa(Serpentes, Boinae) from the early Miocene of Panama. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol. 32, Issue. 6, p. 1328.
Peixoto, G. C. X. Oliveira, I. R. S. Alves, N. D. Oliveira, M. F. and Silva, A. R. 2012. Abdominal Exploration in Captive Collared Peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) by Ultrasonography. Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia, Vol. 41, Issue. 4, p. 256.
Rincon, Aldo F. Bloch, Jonathan I. Suarez, Catalina MacFadden, Bruce J. and Jaramillo, Carlos A. 2012. New floridatragulines (Mammalia, Camelidae) from the early Miocene Las Cascadas Formation, Panama. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol. 32, Issue. 2, p. 456.
Recently collected specimens of the extinct tayassuine peccary “Cynorca” occidentale (and another indeterminant tayassuid) are described from new excavations along the southern reaches of the Panama Canal. Fossil peccaries were previously unknown from Panama, and these new tayassuid specimens therefore add to the extinct mammalian biodiversity in this region. “Cynorca” occidentale occurs in situ in the Centenario Fauna (new name) from both the upper part of the Culebra Formation and overlying Cucaracha Formation, thus encompassing a stratigraphic interval that includes both of these formations and the previously described and more restricted Gaillard Cut Local Fauna. “Cynorca” occidentale is a primitive member of the clade that gives rise to modern tayassuines in the New World. Diagnostic characters for “C.” occidentale include a retained primitive M1, reduced M3, and shallow mandible, and this species is small relative to most other extinct and modern tayassuine peccaries. Based on the closest biostratigraphic comparisions (Maryland, Florida, Texas, and California), the presence of “C.” occidentale indicates an interval of uncertain duration within the early Hemingfordian (He1) to early Barstovian (Ba 1) land mammal ages (early to middle Miocene) for the Centenario Fauna, between about 19 and 14.8 million years ago. Based on what is known of the modern ecology of tayassuines and previous paleoecological interpretations for Panama, “C.” occidentale likely occupied a variety of environments, ranging from forested to open country habitat mosaics and fed on the diverse array of available plants.
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