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Factors Predicting Life Satisfaction: A Process Model of Personality, Multidimensional Self-Concept, and Life Satisfaction

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 February 2012

Philip D. Parker
Affiliation:
University of Sydney, Australia.
Andrew J. Martin*
Affiliation:
University of Sydney, Australia. a.martin@edfac.usyd.edu.au
Herbert W. Marsh
Affiliation:
University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
*
*Address for Correspondence: Associate Professor Andrew J. Martin, Faculty of Education and Social Work, A35 – Education Building, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

Abstract

Life satisfaction is an important component of psychological health and wellbeing. Although personality is consistently linked to life satisfaction, its ‘innate’ and stable nature can make it a difficult target for intervention by practitioners. More malleable and context-specific factors such as multidimensional self-concept may prove to be better targets for such intervention. However, the extent to which multidimensional self-concept predicts life satisfaction over and above personality is unclear. The present study, then, examines the extent to which these two factors predict life satisfaction with a view to ascertaining their relative salience for subsequent research and practice. Among a sample of 523 (predominantly young) adult students from two universities/colleges in Sydney, structural equation modelling using LISREL examined a process model of personality, multidimensional self-concept, and life satisfaction. Results suggest a strong direct role for the personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism, and conscientiousness but also an important mediating role for parent, same-sex peer, physical ability, and appearance self-concepts. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008

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