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A Cybele Altar in London

  • E. M. W. Tillyard
Extract

The altar here published is in the possession of Mr. G. A. Warren of Streatham Hill, to whom I am very much indebted for permission to make this publication. It belonged formerly to a Mr. Morgan and passed into Mr. Warren's possession in 1892. Mr. Morgan is no longer alive, and enquiries I have made about the origin of his collection have had no result. I have therefore nothing to say about provenance.

The altar has the shape which is usually given to such monuments of late Republican and Imperial times, except that there is no moulding above, and the reliefs are not sunk in panels. It dates perhaps from the second century A.D. and seems to be Roman.

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page 284 note 1 Dimensions: Height, 0·425 m.; length of base, 0·425 m., breadth of base, 0·35 m.; height of faces, 0·279 m., length of long faces, 0·375 m. length of short faces, 0·275 m.; maximum depth of relief, 0·024 m. There is a rectangular hollow within. Italian marble.

page 284 note 2 Compare the attitude of several of the women on the Mourners' Sarcophagus from Sidon, and of the mourning Attis in the Naples museum from Pompeii (Graillot, Le Culte de Cybèle, pl. xi, no. 3).

page 285 note 1 Arch. Zeit. 1880, pl. 1.

page 285 note 2 Reinach, Rep. des Rel. iii, p. 207.

page 285 note 3 Zoega, , Bassi Relievi, i, pl. xiii and xiv.

page 285 note 4 These little Galli seem certainly meant to be statues and part of the throne. See Cultrera, , Due relievi della Collezione Buoncompagni Ludovisi in Bulletino d'Arte, 1909, Jan.-Feb., for similar arrangement.

page 285 note 5 Reinach, , Rep. des Rel. iii, p. 321.

page 286 note 1 Catalogue, p. 181, no. 109 b, pl. 43.

page 286 note 2 Brunn, , Kleine Schriften, i, p. 109; Petersen, Ara Pacis, p. 65; Graillot, op. cit. pl. vii, no. 1.

page 286 note 3 Graillot, op. cit. p. 327, thinks this piece of stuff is Cybele's veil.

page 287 note 1 Protr. i, 2, 13. Δηοῦς μυστήρια καὶ Διὸς πρὸς μητέρα ἀφροδίσιαι συμπλοκαὶ καὶ μῆνις τῆς Δηοῦς καὶ Διὸς ἱκετηρίαι. ταῦτα τελίσκουσιν οἱ Φρύγες Ἄττιδι καὶ Κυβέλῃ καὶ Κορύβασι—τὰ σύμβολα τῆς μυήσεως ταύτης Ἐκ τυμπάνου ἔφαγον, ἐκ κυμβάλου ἔπιον, ἐκερνοφόρησα, ὑπὸ τὸν παστὸν ὑπὲδυν

page 287 note 2 Reinach. loc. cit.

page 287 note 3 Zoega, loc. cit.

page 287 note 4 Amelung, , Vat. Cat. i, p. 218, pl. 26.

page 287 note 5 Head, , Historia Numorum, p. 670.

page 287 note 6 B.M. Cat. Coins: Phrygia, p. 144, no. 72.

page 287 note 7 B.M. Cat. Coins: Phrygia, p. 148, no. 93. pl. xviii, 9.

page 287 note 8 Imhoof-Blumer, Monnaies Grecques, p. 390, no. 37.

page 288 note 1 See the inscription relating to the Metroön at the Piraeus (Annali, 1862, p. 38) in which Artemis-Hecate is called Nana, a title usually confined to Cybele. See also the confusion of cults as shown by the excavation of the sanctuary of Mên near Pisidian Antioch (J. G. C. Anderson in J.R.S. iii, 1913, p. 280).

page 288 note 2 See Graillot, op. cit. p. 179.

page 288 note 3 Roschers Lexikon, ii, p. 1621, s.v. Korybanten. Cook, A. B., Zeus i, p. 107.

page 288 note 4 Mon. dell' Inst. ix, pl. 8a, figs I (a), I (b); Cook, A. B., Zeus, ii (awaiting publication), chap, ii. sec. 3 (a) iv, para. ε.

page 288 note 5 Graillot, op. cit. p. 297. Hepding, Attis, p. 163.

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  • EISSN: 1753-528X
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