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The Communist Uprisings of 1926–27 in Indonesia: A Re-interpretation

  • Shelton Stromquist
Extract

It is the thesis of this paper that the Communist Uprisings of 1926–27 in Indonesia were neither “proto-nationalist” nor a “revolution of hope”, as they have been called by two historians. I shall try to show that there were decidedly nationalist characteristics in the demands which the Communists made, in the objects against which the revolt was directed, and in the makeup of the Communist leadership at both the highest and secondary levels; furthermore, that, despite the era of prosperity which the colony was enjoying, the situation of the peasant was worsening.

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* Harry J. Benda and Ruth T. McVey.

1. Cited in McVey, Ruth T., The Rise of Indonesian Communism, Ithaca 1965, p. 325.

2. Cited in McVey, , p. 324

3. Cited in Ibid., p. 306.

4. Kahin, George McT., Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia, Ithaca 1952, p. 81.

5. McVey, , p. 308.

6. McVey, , p. 298.

7. Cited in Benda, Harry J. and McVey, Ruth T., The Communist Uprisings of 1926–27 in Indonesia, Key Documents, Ithaca 1960, Pt. III, p. 136.

8. Cited in McVey, , p. 325.

9. Ibid., p. 325.

10. McVey, , p. 343.

11. Cited in Benda, and McVey, , Pt. I, p. 1.

12. Cited in McVey, , p. 273, Italics mine.

13. See articles by Semaun, , Van Munster, and Bergsma, in the Internationale Presse Korrespondenz, Dezember u. Januar 19261927.

14. Cited in Benda, and McVey, , Pt. II, pp. 2526.

15. Benda, Harry, “The Communist Rebellions of 1926–27 in Indonesia”, The Pacific Historical Review, XXIV, 1955, p. 143.

16. Pelzer, Karl, Pioneer Settlement in the Asiatic Tropics, New York 1948, p. 255.

17. Pelzer, , p. 166.

18. Hasselman, C. J., Algemeen overzicht van de uitkomsten van het welvaart-onderzoek, gehouden op Java en Madoera in 1904–05, Gravenhage 1914, Appendix R.

19. van der Kroef, Justus M., “The Economic Origins of Indonesian Nationalism”, in Talbot, Phillips (Ed), South Asia in the World Today, Chicago 1950, p. 177.

20. Cited in Benda, and McVey, , Pt. II, p. 26.

21. Benda, , Pacific Historical Review, p. 140.

22. Cited in Benda, and McVey, , Pt. II, p. 49.

23. Cited in Benda, and McVey, , Pt. II, p. 37.

24. Ibid., p. 60.

25. Wertheim, W. F. and The Siauw Giap, “Social Change in Java, 1900–1930Pacific Affairs, Vol. XXXV, No. 3, Fall 1962, pp. 223247.

26. Schrieke, B., “The Causes and Effects of Communism on the West Coast of Sumatra”, Indonesian Sociological Studies, The Hague 1955, p. 166.

27. Cited in Benda, and McVey, , Pt. II, p. 64. (Italics mine)

28. Benda, , Pacific Historical Review, p. 150.

29. Ibid., p. 149.

30. Kahin, , p. 25.

31. van der Kroef, , pp. 195, 197.

32. Seraaun, , “Der Aufstand in Indonesien”, Internationale Presse Korrespondenz, 26 11, 1926.

33. Cited Benda, and McVey, , Pt. III, p. 130.

34. van Niel, Robert, The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite, The Hague 1960, pp. 233–34.

35. Ibid., p. 236.

36. Benda, and McVey, , Introduction, p. XXXI.

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Journal of Southeast Asian History
  • ISSN: 0217-7811
  • EISSN: 2398-7375
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-southeast-asian-history
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