Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Justice as Lawfulness

  • TRISTAN J. ROGERS (a1)

Abstract

What is the relationship between justice as an individual virtue and justice as an institutional virtue? The latter has been exhaustively explored by political philosophers, whereas the former remains underexplored in the literature on virtue ethics. This article defends the view that individual justice is logically prior to institutional justice, and argues that this view requires a conception of individual justice I call ‘justice as lawfulness’. The resulting view consists of three claims. First, just institutions are composed of the relations between just persons. Second, the just person has a disposition to act in accordance with the legal and social norms (collectively, the nomoi) of the existing political tradition. Third, departures from the nomoi require that the just person act with practical wisdom to reform the nomoi according to an implicit standard of justice in the political tradition.

Copyright

Footnotes

Hide All

Thanks to the following people for helpful comments on this article, which is based on chapter 4 of my (2017) doctoral dissertation Virtue Politics (Rogers 2017): Julia Annas, Joe Espena, Mario Ivan Juarez-Garcia, Mark LeBar, Fred Miller Jr., John Proios, Gregory Robson, Daniel C. Russell, David Schmidtz, Bjorn Wastvedt, and a handful of anonymous reviewers.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Annas, Julia. (1993) The Morality of Happiness. New York: Oxford University Press.
Annas, Julia. (2002) ‘My Station and its Duties: Ideals and the Social Embeddedness of Virtue’. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 102, 109–23.
Aristotle. (1998) Politics. Edited by Reeve, C. D.. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.
Aristotle. (2000) Nicomachean Ethics. Edited by Crisp, Roger. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burke, Edmund. ([1790] 1999) Reflections on the Revolution in France. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.
Cohen, G. A. (1997) ‘Where the Action Is: On the Site of Distributive Justice’. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 26, 1, 330.
Cohen, G.A. (2008) Rescuing Justice and Equality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gaus, Gerald. (2011) The Order of Public Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hardimon, Michael O. (1994) ‘Role Obligations’. The Journal of Philosophy, 91, 333–63.
Hayek, F. A. (1973) Law, Legislation and Liberty. Vol. 1. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. (1991) ‘After Hume's Justice’. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 91, 229–45.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. (1999) On Virtue Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kekes, John. (1998) A Case for Conservatism. New York: Cornell University Press.
Kraut, Richard. (2002) Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Larmore, Charles. (1994) ‘Pluralism and Reasonable Disagreement’. Social Philosophy and Policy, 11, 6179.
LeBar, Mark. (2005) ‘Eudaimonist Autonomy’. American Philosophical Quarterly, 42, 171–84.
LeBar, Mark. (2009) ‘Virtue Ethics and Deontic Constraints’. Ethics, 119, 642–71.
LeBar, Mark. (2013a) The Value of Living Well. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
LeBar, Mark. (2013b) ‘Virtue and Politics’. In Russell, Daniel C. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 265–89.
LeBar, Mark. (2014) ‘The Virtue of Justice Revisited’. In Hooft, StanVan and Nafsika Athanassoulis (eds.), The Handbook of Virtue Ethics (London: Acumen Publishing), 265–75.
Lucas, J. R. (1980) On Justice. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
McCloskey, Deidre. (2007) The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Plato. (1997a) Apology. In Cooper, John (ed.), The Complete Works of Plato (Indianapolis, IN: Hackett), 1736.
Plato. (1997b) Crito. In Cooper, John (ed.), The Complete Works of Plato (Indianapolis, IN: Hackett), 3748.
Rawls, John. ([1958] 1999a) ‘Justice as Fairness’. In Freeman, Samuel (ed.), Collected Papers (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), 4772.
Rawls, John. ([1971] 1999b) ‘Justice as Reciprocity’. In Freeman, Samuel (ed.), Collected Papers (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), 190224.
Rawls, John. ([1971] 1999c) A Theory of Justice. Revised ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Rawls, John. ([1988] 1999d) ‘The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good’. In Freeman, Samuel (ed.), Collected Papers (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), 449–72.
Rawls, John. (1993) Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Rawls, John. ([1997] 1999e) ‘The Idea of Public Reason Revisited’. In Freeman, Samuel (ed.), Collected Papers (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), 573615.
Rogers, Tristan J. (2017) Virtue Politics. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.
Russell, Daniel C. (2012) ‘What Virtue Ethics Can Learn from Utilitarianism’. In Ben Eggleston and Dale E. Miller (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 258–79.
Scanlon, T. M. (1998) What We Owe to Each Other. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sidgwick, Henry. ([1874] 1981) The Methods of Ethics. 7th ed. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.
Schmidtz, David, and Thrasher, John. (2014) ‘The Virtues of Justice’. In Timpe, Kevin and Boyd, Craig (eds.), Virtues and Their Vices (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 5974.
Schmidtz, David. (2016) ‘A Realistic Political Ideal’. Social Philosophy and Policy, 33, 110.
Solum, Lawrence. (2008) ‘Natural Justice: An Aretaic Account of the Virtue of Lawfulness’. In Colin Farrelly and Lawrence Solum (eds.), Virtue Jurisprudence (New York: Palgrave MacMillan), 167–92.
Tomasi, John. (2012) Free Market Fairness. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Watson, Gary. (1990) ‘On the Primacy of Character’. In Owen Flanagan and Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Identity, Character, and Morality (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), 449–70.
Wiggins, David. (2004) ‘Neo-Aristotelian Reflections on Justice’. Mind, 113, 477512.
Williams, Bernard. (1980) ‘Justice as a Virtue’. In Rorty, Amélie Oksenberg (ed.), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press), 189200.

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed