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Marxism and Buddhism: Not Such Strange Bedfellows

  • GRAHAM PRIEST (a1)

Abstract

Buddhism and Marxism may seem unlikely bedfellows, since they come from such different times and places, and appear to address such different concerns. But the two have at least this much in common: both say that life, as we find it, is unsatisfactory; both have a diagnosis of why this is; and both offer the hope of making it better. In this paper, I argue that aspects of each complement aspects of the other. In particular, Buddhism provides a stable ethical base that Marxism always lacked; and Marxism provides a sophisticated political philosophy, which Buddhism never had. I will explain those aspects of each of the two on which I wish to draw, and then explain how they are complementary.

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Copyright

Footnotes

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This article is the first in a special series of commissioned articles on non-Western philosophies. Future articles in this series will appear in later issues.

Footnotes

References

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Carpenter, A. D. (2014) Indian Buddhist Philosophy. Durham: Acumen Publishing Co.
King, S. (2005) Being Benevolence: The Social Ethics of Engaged Buddhism. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press.
Mandel, E. (1976) ‘Introduction’. In Fowkes, B. (trans.), Karl Marx: Capital, Volume 1 (London: Penguin), 1186.
McLellan, D. (ed) (2000) Karl Marx: Selected Writings, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
McLellan, D. (2007) Marxism After Marx, 4th edn. New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan.
Mitchell, D. (2002) Buddhism: Introduction to the Buddhist Experience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nicolaus, M., trans. (1973) Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy. London: Penguin.
Priest, G. (2014) One. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Priest, G. (201+) ‘Fictional Object Fictional Subject’, to appear.
Queen, C. (ed) (1995) Engaged Buddhism in the West. Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications.
Robinson, J. (1942) An Essay on Marxian Economics. London: Macmillan.
Siderits, M. (2007) Buddhism as Philosophy. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Struhl, K. (2017) ‘Buddhism and Marxism: Points of Intersection’. International Communication of Chinese Culture 4: 103116.
Suttacentral. (2011) V $\bar a$seṭṭha Sutta. https://suttacentral.net/en/snp3.9.
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Journal of the American Philosophical Association
  • ISSN: 2053-4477
  • EISSN: 2053-4485
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-american-philosophical-association
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