Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Metamemory for faces following frontal lobe damage

  • JASMEET K. PANNU (a1), ALFRED W. KASZNIAK (a1) (a2) and STEVEN Z. RAPCSAK (a1) (a2) (a3)

Previous research has provided evidence of metamemory impairments in patients with frontal lobe damage on verbal episodic memory tasks. In the present study, we employed metamemory paradigms to investigate whether patients with frontal lesions show monitoring deficits on semantic memory tasks involving facial stimuli. Patients with frontal lobe damage and healthy control subjects made memory decisions to famous faces in a retrospective confidence judgment task and in a prospective feeling-of-knowing (FOK) task. Results indicated that frontal patients performed worse than controls on the retrospective confidence task, but there were no differences between the groups on the FOK task. These findings suggest that metamemory deficits in frontal patients are not confined to specific stimulus domains (words vs. faces) or memory systems (episodic vs. semantic). In addition, the dissociation between retrospective confidence judgments and FOK accuracy documented in this study and also in a recent report by Schnyer et al. suggesting that metamemory should not be considered a unitary function with a single neuroanatomic substrate. (JINS, 2005, 11, 668–676.)

Corresponding author
Reprint requests to: Jasmeet K. Pannu, Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, 1503 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721. E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Beatty, W. & Monson, N. (1991). Metamemory in multiple sclerosis. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 13, 309327.

Henson, R.N.A., Rugg, M.D., & Shallice, T. (2000). Confidence in recognition memory for words: Dissociating right prefrontal roles in episodic retrieval. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 913923.

Mangels, J.A., Gershberg, F.B., & Shimamura, A.P. (1996). Impaired retrieval from remote memory in patients with frontal lobe damage. Neuropsychology, 10, 3241.

Nelson, T.O. (1984). A comparison of current measures of the accuracy of feeling-of-knowing. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 109133.

Rapcsak, S.Z., Nielsen, L., & Littrell, L.D. (2001). Face memory impairments in patients with frontal lobe damage. Neurology, 57, 11681175.

Rapcsak, S.Z., Polster, M.R., & Glisky, M.L. (1996). False recognition of unfamiliar faces following right hemisphere damage: Neuropsychological and anatomical observations. Cortex, 32, 593611.

Rapcsak, S.Z., Reminger, S.L., Glisky, E.L., Kaszniak, A.W., & Comer, J.F. (1999). Neuropsychological mechanisms of false facial recognition following frontal lobe damage. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 16, 267292.

Schnyer, D.M., Verfaellie, M., Alexander, M., LaFleche, G., Nicholls, L., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2004). A role for right medial prefrontal cortex in accurate feeling-of-knowing judgments: Evidence from patients with lesions to frontal cortex. Neuropsychologia, 42, 957966.

Somers, R.H. (1962). A new asymmetric measure of association for ordinal variables. American Sociological Review, 27, 799811.

Souchay, C., Isingrini, M., & Espagnet, L. (2000). Aging, episodic memory feeling-of-knowing, and frontal functioning. Neuropsychology, 14, 299309.

Souchay, C., Isingrini, M., & Gil, R. (2002). Alzheimer's disease and feeling-of-knowing in episodic memory. Neuropsychologia, 40, 23862396.

Vilkki, J., Servo, A., & Surma-aho, O. (1998). Word list learning and prediction of recall after frontal lobe lesions. Neuropsychology, 12, 268277.

Vilkki, J., Surma-aho, O., & Servo, A. (1999). Inaccurate prediction of retrieval in a face matrix learning task after right frontal lobe lesions. Neuropsychology, 13, 298305.

Young, A.W., Hay, D.C., & Ellis, A.W. (1985). The faces that launched a thousand slips: Everyday difficulties in recognizing people. British Journal of Psychology, 76, 495523.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
  • ISSN: 1355-6177
  • EISSN: 1469-7661
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-neuropsychological-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 22 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 125 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.