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  • Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Volume 16, Issue 3
  • May 2010, pp. 401-411

Rates of symptom reporting following traumatic brain injury

  • SUREYYA DIKMEN (a1) (a2) (a3), JOAN MACHAMER (a1), JESSE R. FANN (a3) and NANCY R. TEMKIN (a2) (a4)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617710000196
  • Published online: 01 March 2010
Abstract
Abstract

This study examines rates of reporting of new or worse post-traumatic symptoms for patients with a broad range of injury severity at 1 month and 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI), as compared with those whose injury spared the head, and assesses variables related to symptom reporting at 1 year post-injury. Seven hundred thirty two TBI subjects and 120 general trauma comparison (TC) subjects provided new or worse symptom information at 1 month and/or 1 year post-injury. Symptom reporting at 1 year post-injury was compared in subgroups based on basic demographics, preexisting conditions, and severity of brain injury. The TBI group reported significantly more symptoms at 1 month and 1 year after injury than TCs (each p < .001). Although symptom endorsement declined from 1 month to 1 year, 53% of people with TBI and 24% of TC continued to report 3 or more symptoms at 1 year post-injury. Symptom reporting in the TBI group was significantly related to age, gender, preinjury alcohol abuse, pre-injury psychiatric history, and severity of TBI. Symptom reporting is common following a traumatic injury and continues to be experienced by a substantial number of TBI subjects of all severity levels at 1 year post-injury. (JINS, 2010, 16, 401–411.)

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Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence to: Sureyya Dikmen, Ph.D., Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Mail Stop: 359612, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98104. E-mail: Dikmen@u.washington.edu
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