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Estonian

  • Eva Liina Asu (a1) and Pire Teras (a1)

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Estonian belongs to the Finnic branch of the Finno-Ugric language family and is closely related to Finnish. It has about one million native speakers in Estonia and about 150,000 elsewhere in the world. In phonetics, Estonian is probably best known for its three degrees of contrastive quantity: short (Q1), long (Q2) and overlong (Q3).

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References

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Asu, Eva Liina & Nolan, Francis. 2006. Estonian and English rhythm: A two-dimensional quantification based on syllables and feet. In Hoffmann, Rüdiger & Mixdorff, Hansjörg (eds.), Speech Prosody 2006, 249252. Dresden: TUDpress.
Asu, Eva Liina & Nolan, Francis. 2007. The analysis of low accentuation in Estonian. Language and Speech 50 (4), 567588.
Eek, Arvo. 1972. Acoustical description of the Estonian sonorant types. Estonian Papers in Phonetics, 9–35.
Eek, Arvo & Meister, Einar. 1998. Quality of Standard Estonian vowels in stressed and unstressed syllables of the feet in three distinctive quantity degrees. Linguistica Uralica 34 (3), 226233.
Eek, Arvo & Meister, Einar. 1999. Estonian speech in the BABEL multilanguage database: Phonetic-phonological problems revealed in the text corpus. Proceedings of the Linguistics and Phonetics conference (LP’98), 529–546. Prague: The Karolinum Press.
Krull, Diana. 1993. Word prosodic features in Estonian conversational speech. ASCA Workshop on Prosody, September 27–29, 1993 (Working Papers 41), 148152. Lund: Lund University, Department of Linguistics.
Lehiste, Ilse. 1960. Segmental and syllabic quantity in Estonian. In Sebeok, Thomas A. (ed.), American studies in Uralic linguistics (Uralic and Altaic Series 1), 2182. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Publications.
Lehiste, Ilse. 1965. Palatalization in Estonian: Some acoustic observations. In Kõressaar, Viktor & Rannit, Aleksis (eds.), Estonian poetry and language, 136162. Stockholm: Vaba Eesti.
Lehiste, Ilse. 1997. Search for phonetic correlates in Estonian prosody. In Lehiste, Ilse & Ross, Jaan (eds.), Estonian prosody: Papers from a symposium, 1135. Tallinn: Institute of the Estonian Language.
Pajusalu, Karl. 2003. What has changed in Estonian pronunciation: The making of Estonian accents. In Metslang, Helle & Rannut, Mart (eds.), Language in development, 107114. Munich: Lincom Europa.
Ross, Jaan & Lehiste, Ilse. 2001. The temporal structure of Estonian runic songs. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
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Asu, Eva Liina & Pire Teras. 2009. Estonian. JIPA 39(3), 367–372.
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