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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Loakes, Deborah and McDougall, Kirsty 2010. Individual Variation in the Frication of Voiceless Plosives in Australian English: A Study of Twins' Speech. Australian Journal of Linguistics, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 155.

    JONES, MARK J. and LLAMAS, CARMEN 2008. Fricated realisations of /t/ in Dublin and Middlesbrough English: an acoustic analysis of plosive frication and surface fricative contrasts. English Language and Linguistics, Vol. 12, Issue. 03, p. 419.

    Ball, Martin J. and Müller, Nicole 2002. The use of the terms phonetics and phonology in the description of disordered speech. Advances in Speech Language Pathology, Vol. 4, Issue. 2, p. 95.


Problems of phonetic transcription: The case of the Hiberno-English slit-t

  • Helen Pandeli (a1), Joseph F. Eska (a2), Martin J. Ball (a3) and Joan Rahilly (a4)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2009

Acoustic and electropalatographic data on the so-called Hiberno-English ‘slit-t’ are reported, and the implications these data have for an adequate transcription are discussed. Previous transcription suggestions highlight the difficulty posed by the lack of an IPA diacritic for tongue shape. We conclude that the adoption of an alveolar diacritic (as used in the extensions to the IPA for transcribing disordered speech) could get round these difficulties.

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M. Duckworth , G. Allen , W. Hardcastle and M.J. Ball (1990). Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet for the transcription of atypical speech. Clinical inguistics and Phonetics 4, 273–80.

R. Hickey (1984b). Phonotactically conditioned alternation. Instances from Old High German and Irish English. Linguistics 22, 673686.

R. Hickey (1986). Possible phonological parallels between Irish and Irish English. English World-Wide 7, 121.

M. Pétursson (1971). Étude de la réalisation des consonnes islandaises, ð, s, dans la prononciation d'un sujet islandais à partir de la radiocinématographie. Phonetica 23, 203216.

K.L. Pike (1943). Phonetics. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

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Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
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