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A proposal concerning central vowels

  • J. C. Catford (a1)

The 1989 Kiel Convention made an unprincipled decision to ignore the basis of the Cardinal Vowel system, which specifies four ‘heights’ and three ‘horizontal’ locations for vowels, by ignoring close-mid and open-mid central vowels and proposing only two symbols for non-close central vowels, viz. [ə, ө].

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Abercrombie, D. (1967). Elements of Phonetics. Chicago: Aldine.
Catford, J. C. (1977). Fundamental Problems in Phonetics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Catford, J. C. (1988). A Practical Introduction to Phonetics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Jorde, R. (1926). it s taim tə stɒp. Le Maître Phonétique, 3e série, No. 13, Janvier-Mars: 12.
Sweet, H. (1877). A Handbook of Phonetics. Oxford.
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Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
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