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Cladorhiza corona sp. nov. (Porifera: Demospongiae: Cladorhizidae) from the Aleutian Islands (Alaska)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 November 2005

Helmut Lehnert
Affiliation:
Eichenstrasse 14, 86507 Oberottmarshausen, Germany
Les Watling
Affiliation:
Darling Marine Center, University of Maine, Walpole, Maine 04573, USA
Robert Stone
Affiliation:
Auke Bay Laboratory, National Marine Fisheries Service, 11305 Glacier Highway, Juneau 99801-8626, Alaska, USA

Abstract

A new species of Cladorhizidae, from the Aleutian Islands is described and compared with all known species of Cladorhiza worldwide. Cladorhiza corona sp. nov. has a unique growth form with two planes of differently shaped appendages. Appendages are inserted directly at the stalk; a spherical or conical body at the stalk is lacking. It is the only species reported where different spicule types occur in three morphologically different areas of the sponge. The spiculation of the basal plate is characterized by the occurrence of short, thick anisoxeas and the lack of anisochelae. Anisochelae are found in the stalk and the basal appendages only. Flattened sigmancistras and (sub-)tylostyles are restricted to the crown. The arrangement of spicules is different in the basal plate, the stalk with the basal appendages, and in the distal appendages. The dimensions and combination of spicule types separate C. corona sp. nov. from all known members of the genus.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2005 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

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