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Mediterranean hexactinellid sponges, with the description of a new Sympagella species (Porifera, Hexactinellida)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 December 2014

Nicole Boury-Esnault*
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie Marine et Continentale (IMBE), UMR 7263 CNRS, IRD, Aix Marseille Université, Avignon Université, Station Marine d'Endoume, Rue Batterie des Lions, Marseille 13007, France
Jean Vacelet
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie Marine et Continentale (IMBE), UMR 7263 CNRS, IRD, Aix Marseille Université, Avignon Université, Station Marine d'Endoume, Rue Batterie des Lions, Marseille 13007, France
Henry M. Reiswig
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of Victoria and Natural History Section, Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3N5, Canada
Maïa Fourt
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie Marine et Continentale (IMBE), UMR 7263 CNRS, IRD, Aix Marseille Université, Avignon Université, Station Marine d'Endoume, Rue Batterie des Lions, Marseille 13007, France
Ricardo Aguilar
Affiliation:
OCEANA. C/Leganitos, 47 28013, Madrid, Spain
Pierre Chevaldonné
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie Marine et Continentale (IMBE), UMR 7263 CNRS, IRD, Aix Marseille Université, Avignon Université, Station Marine d'Endoume, Rue Batterie des Lions, Marseille 13007, France
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: N. Boury-Esnault, Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie Marine et Continentale (IMBE), UMR 7263 CNRS, IRD, Aix Marseille Université, Avignon Université, Station Marine d'Endoume, Rue Batterie des Lions, Marseille 13007, France email: nicole.boury-esnault@orange.fr

Abstract

An overview is proposed of the hexactinellid sponge fauna of the Mediterranean Sea, including the description of a new species of Sympagella, S. delauzei sp. nov., collected by ROV during the exploration of deep-sea canyons of the NW Mediterranean and of deep banks and seamounts of the Alboran Sea. The type species of Sympagella, S. nux, is redescribed from specimens from the type locality. An 18S rDNA sequence of the new species was obtained and included in a phylogenetic tree of related hexactinellids. Some modifications to the classification of Rossellidae are proposed according to the new morphological and molecular data obtained during this study: the genera Caulophacus, and Caulophacella are accordingly moved from Rossellinae to Lanuginellinae.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2014 

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