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Scyllarus arctus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Scyllaridae) final stage phyllosoma identified by DNA analysis, with morphological description

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 April 2010

Ferran Palero
Affiliation:
Evolutionary Genetics, Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA), Am Campus 1, A–3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta 37–49, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Guillermo Guerao
Affiliation:
IRTA, Unitat de Cultius Experimentals, Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain
Paul F. Clark
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
Pere Abelló
Affiliation:
Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta 37–49, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Advanced stages of Scyllarus phyllosoma larvae were collected by demersal trawling during fishery research surveys in the western Mediterranean Sea in 2003–2005. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the mitochondrial 16S rDNA gene allowed the final-stage phyllosoma of Scyllarus arctus to be identified among these larvae. Its morphology is described and illustrated. This constitutes the second complete description of a Scyllaridae phyllosoma with its specific identity being validated by molecular techniques (the first was S. pygmaeus). These results also solved a long lasting taxonomic anomaly of several species assigned to the ancient genus Phyllosoma Leach, 1814. Detailed examination indicated that the final-stage phyllosoma of S. arctus shows closer affinities with the American scyllarid Scyllarus depressus or with the Australian Scyllarus sp. b (sensu Phillips et al., 1981) than to its sympatric species S. pygmaeus.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2010

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