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Taxonomy, ecology and geographic distribution of Gallardoneris iberica (Polychaeta, Lumbrineridae) in southern Europe

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2017

Nikolaos Katsiaras*
Affiliation:
Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, 46.7 km Athinon-Souniou Ave, Anavissos 19013, Greece Department of Marine Sciences, University of the Aegean, University Hill, Mytilene 81100, Greece
Maria Rousou
Affiliation:
Marine & Environmental Research (MER) Lab Ltd, Limassol 4533, Cyprus Department of Zoology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), School of Biology, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
Luis F. Carrera-Parra
Affiliation:
Depto. Sistemática y Ecología Acuática, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Unidad Chetumal, Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Sergio Carlos Garcia-Gomez
Affiliation:
48918646-S, C/Jacinto n°1, Aljaraque, Huelva, Spain
Nomiki Simboura
Affiliation:
Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, 46.7 km Athinon-Souniou Ave, Anavissos 19013, Greece
Paraskevi Louizidou
Affiliation:
Marine & Environmental Research (MER) Lab Ltd, Limassol 4533, Cyprus Hydrobiological Station of Rhodes, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Rhodes, Greece Oceanlab, University of Aberdeen, Main Street, Newburgh AB41 6AA, Scotland, UK
Chariton Charles Chintiroglou
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), School of Biology, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
Roberto Martins
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia and CESAM, Universidade de Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: N. Katsiaras, Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, 19013 Anavissos, Greece email: nkatsiaras@hcmr.gr

Abstract

The polychaete Gallardoneris iberica was described in soft-bottom benthic habitats from the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula coasts in 2012. Since then, successive studies have found this species in Spain, Italy and Croatia. The present study is the first to report G. iberica for Greece and Cyprus (42 new records) confirming its wide geographic distribution on southern European coasts. Taxonomic accounts and ecological preferences based on a large survey and review of available literature are being presented. The species was frequently found in habitats characterized by infralittoral muddy sands with variable organic matter and ‘Moderate’ ecological quality status; nevertheless it was also recorded in coarser and finer sediments, circalittoral mixed sediments, phytal substrates and undisturbed sites. Its relative abundance per sample was always lower than 2%. A review of the available ecological and geographic data of the other Gallardoneris species and a worldwide taxonomic key to Gallardoneris species are provided.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2017 

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Footnotes

*

Both authors have contributed equally to this work.

References

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Taxonomy, ecology and geographic distribution of Gallardoneris iberica (Polychaeta, Lumbrineridae) in southern Europe
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