Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Contribution to the understanding of seasonal cycle of Aurelia aurita (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa) scyphopolyps in the northern Adriatic Sea

  • Cristina Gioia Di Camillo (a1), Federico Betti (a1), Marzia Bo (a1), Michela Martinelli (a1), Stefania Puce (a1) and Giorgio Bavestrello (a1)...
Abstract

Natural populations of Aurelia aurita scyphopolyps, settled on a wreck in the northern Adriatic Sea, were monitored for 22 months in order to study their seasonal cycle. The trend of Aurelia polyps is strongly dependent on water temperature with a peak of abundance in summer and low densities in winter. The strobilation process occurs only once a year, during the cold season, and the estimated number of released ephyrae is 780,000–2,600,000/m2. The species has been recorded only on the iron wreck while it is completely lacking from the close rocky cliff of Conero Promontory, suggesting that the increase of underwater structures of anthropogenic origin could be related to the increases of jellyfish biomass.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: C.G. Di Camillo, Dipartimento di Scienze del Mare, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, I-60131 Ancona, Italy email: c.dicamillo@univpm.it
References
Hide All
ANSA (2007) mhtml:file://Z:DocUfficioStampa assegna stampa odiernaweb 30ANSA_it - Bloom di meduse in laguna del Gargano.
ARPA OSMER-FVG (2007) Bollettino delle acque marino-costiere del Friuli Venezia Giulia -n.12. http://www.arpa.fvg.it/fileadmin/Informazione/bollettini_OAA/Bollettino_OAA_FVG_aprile_07.pdf
Berking, S., Czech, N., Gerharz, M., Herrmann, K., Hoffmann, U., Raifer, H., Sekul, G., Siefker, B., Sommerei, A. and Vedder, F. (2005) A newly discovered oxidant defence system and its involvement in the development of Aurelia aurita (Schiphozoa, Cnidaria): reactive oxygen species and element iodine control medusa formation. International Journal of Developmental Biology 49, 969976.
Blanquet, R.S. and Wetzel, B. (1975) Surface ultrastructure of the Scyphopolyps, Crysaora quinquecirrha. Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole 148, 181192.
Boero, F., Belmonte, G., Fanelli, G., Piraino, S. and Rubino, F. (1996) The continuity of living matter and the discontinuities of its constituents: do plankton and benthos really exist? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11, 177180.
Boero, F., Bouillon, J., Gravili, G., Miglietta, M.P., Parson, T. and Piraino, S. (2008) Gelatinous plankton: irregularities rule the world (sometimes). Marine Ecology Progress Series 356, 299310.
Bulleri, F. and Airoldi, L. (2005) Artificial marine structures facilitate the spread of a non-indigenous green alga, Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides, in the North Adriatic Sea. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 10631072.
Calder, D.R. (1971) Nematocysts of polyps of Aurelia, Chrysaora, and Cyanea, and their utility in identification. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 90, 269274.
Calder, D.R. (1983) Nematocysts of stages in the life cycle of Stomolophus meleagris, with keys to scyphistomae and ephyrae of some western Atlantic Scyphozoa. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61, 11851192.
Dawson, M.N and Martin, L.E. (2001) Geographic variation and ecological adaptation in Aurelia (Scyphozoa, Semaeostomeae): some implications from molecular phylogenetics. Hydrobiologia 451, 259273.
Del Negro, P., Kokelj, F., Tubaro, A. and Della Loggia, R. (1992) Crysaora hysoscella in the Gulf of Trieste: presence, evolution and cutaneous toxicity in man. Science of the Total Environment Supplement, 427–30.
Gröndahl, F. (1988) Interactions between polyps of Aurelia aurita and planktonic larvae of scyphozoans: an experimental study. Marine Ecology Progress Series 45, 8793.
Gröndahl, F. (1989) Evidence of gregarious settlement of planula larvae of the scyphozoan Aurelia aurita: an experimental study. Marine Ecology Progress Series 56, 119125.
Hamner, W.M., Gilmer, R.W. and Hamner, P.P. (1982) The physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of a stratified, saline, sulfide lake in Palau. Limnology and Oceanography 27, 896909.
Hernroth, L. and Gröndahl, F. (1983) On the biology of Aurelia aurita (L.).1. Release and growth of Aurelia aurita (L.) ephyrae in the Gullmar Fjord, western Sweden, 1982–1983. Ophelia 22, 189199.
Hernroth, L. and Gröndahl, F. (1985) On the biology of Aurelia aurita (L.). 3. Predation by Coryphella verrucosa (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia), A major factor regulating the development of Aurelia populations in the Gullmar Fjord, western Sweden. Ophelia 24, 3745.
Hiromi, J., Yamamoto, T., Koyama, Y. and Kadota, S. (1995) Experimental study of predation of scyphopolyp Aurelia aurita. Bulletin of the College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Nihon University 52, 126130.
Kakinuma, Y. (1975) An experimental study of the life cycle and organ differentiation of Aurelia aurita (Lamarck). Bulletin of the Marine Biological Station of Asamushi 15, 101113.
Keen, S. and Gong, A. (1989) Genotype and feeding frequency affect clone formation in a marine cnidarian (Aurelia aurita Lamarck 1816). Functional Ecology 3, 735745.
Kroiher, M., Siefker, B. and Berking, S. (2000) Induction of segmentation in polyps of Aurelia aurita (Scyphozoa, Cnidaria) into medusae and formation of mirror-image medusa anlagen. International Journal of Developmental Biology 44, 485490.
Lindahl, O. and Hernroth, L. (1983) Phyto-zooplankton community in coastal waters of Western Sweden—an ecosystem off balance? Marine Ecology Progress Series 10, 119126.
Lucas, C.H., Hirst, A.G. and Williams, J.A. (1997) Plankton dynamics and Aurelia aurita production from two contrasting ecosystems: comparisons and consequences. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 45, 209219.
Lucas, C.H. (2001) Reproduction and life history strategies of the common jellyfish, Aurelia aurita, in relation to its ambient environment. Hydrobiologia 451, 229246.
Mills, C.E. (2001) Jellyfish blooms: are populations increasing globally in response to changing ocean conditions? Hydrobiologia 451, 5568.
Miyake, H., Iwao, K. and Kakinuma, Y. (1997) Life history and environment of Aurelia aurita. South Pacific Study 17, 273285.
Miyake, H., Terazaki, M. and Kakinuma, Y. (2002) On the polyps of the common jellyfish Aurelia aurita in Kagoshima Bay. Journal of Oceanography 58, 451459.
Papathanassiou, E., Panayotidis, P. and Anagnostaki, K. (1987) Notes on the biology of the jellyfish Aurelia aurita L. in Elefsis Bay (Saronikos Gulf, Greece). Marine Biology 8, 4958.
Ponti, M., Abbiati, M. and Ceccherelli, V.U. (2002) Drilling platforms as artificial reefs: distribution of macrobenthic assemblages of the ‘Paguro’ wreck (northern Adriatic Sea). ICES Journal of Marine Science 59, 316323.
Puce, S., Bavestrello, G., Azzini, F. and Cerrano, C. (2003) On the occurrence of Coryne eximia Allman (Cnidaria, Coryniidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Italian Journal of Zoology 70, 249252.
Purcell, J.E. and Arai, M.N. (2001) Interactions of pelagic cnidarians and ctenophores with fish: a review. Hydrobiologia 451, 2744.
Purcell, J.E., Graham, W.M. and Dumont, H.J. (eds) (2001) Jellyfish blooms: ecological and societal importance. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 333 pp.
Purcell, J.E. (2005) Climate effects on formation of jellyfish and ctenophore blooms: a review. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85, 461476.
Rasmussen, E. (1973) Systematics and ecology of the Isefjord marine fauna (Denmark). Ophelia 11, 4146.
Russell, F.S. (1970) The Medusae of the British Isles. II Pelagic Scyphozoa, with a supplement to the first volume on Hydromedusae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 284 pp.
Schneider, G. and Behrends, G. (1994) Population dynamics and the trophic role of Aurelia aurita medusae in the Kiel Bight and western Baltic. ICES Journal of Marine Science 51, 359367.
Schneider, G. and Behrends, G. (1998) Top-down control in a neritic plankton system by Aurelia aurita medusae—a summary. Ophelia 48, 7182.
Spangenberg, D.B. (1964) New observations of Aurelia. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 83, 448455.
Spangenberg, D.B. (1967) Iodine induction of metamorphosis in Aurelia. Journal of Experimental Zoology 165, 441449.
Spangenberg, D.B. (1968) Recent studies of strobilation in jellyfish. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 6, 231247.
Thiel, H. (1962) Untersuchungen über die strobilisation von Aurelia aurita Lam. an einer population der Kieler Förde. Kieler Meeresforschungen 18, 198230.
Tsikon-Lukanina, E.A., Reznichenko, O.G. and Lukasheva, T.A. (1995) Food intake by scyphistomae of the medusa Aurelia aurita in the Black Sea. Okeanologiya 35, 895899.
Uchida, T. and Nagao, Z. (1963) The metamorphosis of the Scyphomedusa, Aurelia limbata (Brandt). Annotationes Zoologicae Japonense 36, 8391.
Watanabe, T. and Ishii, H. (2001) In situ estimation of ephyrae liberated from polyps of Aurelia aurita using settling plates in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Hydrobiologia 451, 247258.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords