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  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Volume 31, Issue 1
  • June 1952, pp. 175-191

Contributions to our knowledge of the smaller marine algae

  • R. W. Butcher (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

Our lack of knowledge of nanoplankton organisms is due largely, no doubt, to the necessity for examining them alive and the comparative difficulty of observing them, and also to their being, apparently, of no more than indirect importance in the ecology of fishes, except when their occasional presence in great abundance has been accompanied by unfavourable hydrographical changes. An adequate survey of life in the sea is bound to take them into account. Since they are frequently abundant, at least in inshore waters, and propagate rapidly, they probably form an important constituent of the food of adult filter-feeding invertebrates. They are likely to be of still greater importance as the essential food of many planktonic larvae, particularly in the early stages. Oyster larvae (Ostrea edulis L.) can ingest nothing larger than about 10 μ and appear to rely for food on minute flagellates (Cole, 1936,1939; Bruce, Knight & Parke, 1940). The food of other marine larvae has not been closely investigated.

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J. R. Bruce , M. Knight & M. Parke 1940. The rearing of oyster larvae on an algal diet. Journ. Mar. Biol. Assoc., Vol. 24, pp. 337–74.

F. Gross 1937. Notes on the culture of some marine plankton organisms. Journ. Mar. Biol. Assoc., Vol. 21, pp. 753–68.

M. Parke 1949. Studies on marine flagellates. Journ. Mar. Biol. Assoc., Vol. 28, pp. 256–85.

E. G. Pringsheim 1944. Some aspects of taxonomy in the Cryptophyceae. New Phytol., Vol. 43, pp. 143–50.

N. Reynolds 1950. Methods of culturing epiphytic algae. New Phytol., Vol. 49, pp. 155–62.

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