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Coral reef inhabiting tubeworms (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) from Enewetak, Kwajalein, Rongelap and Utirik Atolls, Marshall Islands

  • Julie H. Bailey-Brock (a1) (a2), Wagner F. Magalhães (a1) (a2) and Richard E. Brock (a2)

The coral reef inhabiting tubeworms from the Marshall Islands have been studied by few authors mainly by samplings in Enewetak Atoll. We report several new records of serpuline and spirorbine tubeworms from Enewetak Atoll as well as from Kwajalein, Utirik and Rongelap Atolls. Twenty-one species of Serpulinae and seven species of Spirorbinae are described and illustrated with line drawings, colour and/or scanning electron microscopy photographs. Neodexiospira turrita nom. nov. is proposed to replace Neodexiospira preacuta. Enewetak Atoll still represents the most species-rich atoll in the Marshall Islands but this is most likely the result of a greater sampling effort in this atoll for the last few decades.

Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: J.H. Bailey-Brock, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2538 McCarthy Mall, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA email:
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J.H. Bailey (1969) Spirorbinae (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) from Chios (Aegean Sea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London 48, 363385.

J.H. Bailey and M.P. Harris (1968) Spirorbinae (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) of the Galapagos Islands. Journal of Zoology, London 155, 161184.

M.N. Ben-Eliahu and D. Fiege (1996) Serpulid tube-worms (Annelida, Polychaeta) of the central and eastern Mediterranean with particular attention to the Levant Basin. Senckenbergiana Maritima 28, 151.

L.M. De Vantier , R.E. Reichelt and R.H. Bradbury (1986) Does Spirobranchus giganteus protect host Porites from predation by Acanthaster planci: predator pressure as a mechanism of co-evolution? Marine Ecology Progress Series 32, 307310.

B. Dew (1959) Serpulidae (Polychaeta) from Australia. Records of the Australian Museum 25, 1956.

P. Knight-Jones , E.W. Knight-Jones and R.P. Dales (1979) Spirorbidae (Polychaeta sedentaria) from Alaska to Panama. Journal of Zoology, London 189, 419458.

E.W. Knight-Jones , P. Knight-Jones and L.C. Llewellyn (1974) Spirorbinae (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) from southeastern Australia: notes on their taxonomy, ecology and distribution. Records of the Australian Museum 29, 107151.

D. Straughan (1967a) Marine Serpulidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) of eastern Queensland and New South Wales. Australian Journal of Zoology 15, 201261.

P.J. Vine and J.H. Bailey-Brock (1984) Taxonomy and ecology of coral reef tube worms (Serpulidae, Spirorbidae) in the Sudanese Red Sea. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 80, 135156.

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Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
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