The intertidal phyllodocid polychaete Eulalia viridis (O. F. Müller) is widely regarded as a predator as stated, for example, by Newell (1970). This assertion is based on statements made by several authors, e.g. Moore & Kitching (1939), Glynne-Williams & Hobart (1952), Connell (1961), and Kensler (1964, 1967), who have reported E. viridis foraging over rocky substrates at low tide in daylight and in some cases have observed the insertion of the proboscis between the opercular plates of a barnacle and the subsequent ingestion of the soft tissues. The capture of a large chironomid by E. viridis has been recorded by Connell (1961). This was considered sufficient evidence for stating that E. viridis is a predator attacking living barnacles and other intertidal animals. Moore & Kitching (1939) further suggested that E. viridis might be as important a predator on barnacles as Thais lapillus (L). On the other hand Michel (1970) regarded E. viridis as a scavenger feeding on dead and decaying animals. There is evident disagreement about the feeding habits of E. viridis and consequently of its role in the population ecology of the community of which it forms a part. Examination of its feeding behaviour has been undertaken to clarify the situation.
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