Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Gorgonian mortality related to a massive attack by caprellids in the Bunaken Marine Park (North Sulawesi, Indonesia)

  • Alice Scinto (a1), Giorgio Bavestrello (a2), Massimo Boyer (a2), Monica Previati (a1) (a2) and Carlo Cerrano (a1)...

Abstract

A massive attack of caprellids is reported here, that is related to a local mortality event of gorgonians in North Sulawesi. Three species of sea fans were affected by the presence of Metaprotella sandalensis, a caprellid widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific. The degree of damage here documented was in relation to the skeletal features of the gorgonian species. The amphipod gut contents were analysed, highlighting an unusual trophic source for caprellids and a new predator for gorgonians. This phenomenon is discussed also evidencing parallels between colonial marine invertebrates and their predators and terrestrial plant–herbivore interactions.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Carlo Cerrano Dipartimento per lo studio del Territorio e delle sue RisorseUniversità di Genova, C.so Europa 26 16132 Genova, Italy email: cerrano@dipteris.unige.it

References

Hide All
Bavestrello, G., Cerrano, C., Cattaneo-Vietti, R. and Sarà, M. (1996) Relationships between Eudendrium glomeratum (Cnidaria, Hydromedusae) and its associated vagile fauna. Scientia Marina 60, 159165.
Berryman, A.A. (1992) The origins and evolution of predator–prey theory. Ecology 73, 15301535.
Boero, F. (1996) Episodic events: their relevance to ecology and evolution. P S Z N I: Marine Ecology 17, 237250.
Caine, E.A. (1974) Comparative functional morphology of feeding of 3 species of caprellids from the northwestern Florida Gulf coast. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 15, 8196.
Caine, E.A. (1977) Feeding mechanisms and possible resource partitioning of the Caprellidae (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from Puget Sound, U.S.A. Marine Biology 42, 331336.
Cerrano, C., Bavestrello, G., Bianchi, C.N., Cattaneo-Vietti, R., Bava, S., Morganti, C., Morri, C., Picco, P., Sara, G., Schiaparelli, S., Siccardi, A. and Sponga, F. (2000) A catastrophic mass-mortality episode of gorgonians and other organisms in the Ligurian Sea (north-western Mediterranean), summer 1999. Ecology Letters 3, 284293.
Cerrano, C., Bavestrello, G., Calcinai, B., Cattaneo-Vietti, R. and Sarà, A. (2000) Asteroids eating sponges from Terra Nova Bay, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 12, 425426.
Fabricius, K.E. and McCorry, D. (2006) Changes in octocoral communities and benthic cover along a water quality gradient in the reefs of Hong Kong. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52, 2233.
Fava, F., Bavestrello, G., Valisano, L. and Cerrano, C. (submitted) Survival, growth and regeneration in explants of four temperate gorgonian species. Marine Biology.
Gerhart, D.J. (1986) Gregariousness in the gorgonian-eating gastropod Cyphoma gibbosum: tests of several possible causes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 31, 255263.
Garzon-Ferreira, J. and Zea, S. (1992) A mass mortality of Gorgonia ventalina (Cnidaria: Gorgoniidae) in the Santa Marta area, Caribbean coast of Colombia. Bulletin of Marine Science 50, 522526.
Goh, N.K.C., Loo, M.G.K. and Chou, L.M. (1997) An analysis of Gorgonian (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) zonation on Singapore reefs with respect to depth. Environmental Monitoring Assessment 44, 8189.
Guerra-García, J. (2003) The Caprellidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from Mauritius Island, western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 232, 124.
Guerra-García, J.M. (2004) The Caprellidea (Crustacea, Amphipoda) from Western Australia and Northern Territory, Australia. Hydrobiologia 522, 174.
Guzman, H.M. and Cortes, J. (1984) Mortalidad de Gorgonia flabellum L. (Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae) en la Costa Caribe de Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 32, 305308.
Harmelin, J.G. (1984) Biologie du corail rouge. Paramètres de populations, croissance et mortalité naturelle. Etat des connaissances en France. FAO Fishery Reports 306, 99103.
Harvell, C.D. and Suchanek, T.S. (1987) Partial predation on tropical gorgonians by Cyphoma gibbosum (Gastropoda). Marine Ecology Progress Series 38, 3744.
Harvell, C.D., Kim, K., Burkholder, J.M., Colwell, R.R., Epstein, P.R., Grimes, D.J., Hofmann, E.E., Lipp, E.K., Osterhaus, A.D.M.E., Overstreet, R.M., Porter, J.W., Smith, G.W. and Vasta, G.R. (1999) Emerging marine diseases. Climate links and anthropogenic factors. Science 285, 15051510.
Harvell, D., Kim, K., Quirolo, C., Weir, J. and Smith, G. (2001) Coral bleaching and disease: contributors to 1998 mass mortality in Briareum asbestinum (Octocorallia, Gorgonacea). Hydrobiologia 460, 97104.
Harvell, D., Mitchell, C.E., Ward, J.R., Altizer, S., Dobson, A.P., Ostfeld, R.S. and Samuel, M.D. (2002) Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota. Science 296, 21582162.
Kinzie, R.A. (1973) The zonation of West Indian gorgonians. Bulletin of Marine Science 23, 93155.
Larsen, K. (1997) A new species of Metaprotella from East Africa, with key to the genera. Journal of Natural History 31, 12031212.
Lasker, H.R. (2005) Gorgonian mortality during a thermal event in the Bahamas. Bulletin of Marine Science 76, 155162.
Laubitz, D. and Mills, E.L. (1972) Deep-sea Amphipoda from the western North Atlantic Ocean. Caprellidea. Canadian Journal of Zoology 50, 371383.
Laubitz, D.R. and Lewbel, G.S. (1974) A new species of caprellid (Crustacea: Amphipoda) associated with gorgonian octocorals. Canadian Journal of Zoology 52, 549551.
Lessios, H.A. (1988) Mass mortality of Diadema antillarum in the Caribbean: what have we learned? Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 19, 371393.
Morse, D.E., Morse, A.N.C. and Duncan, H. (1977) Algal ‘tumors’ in the Caribbean sea-fan, Gorgonia ventalina. In Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium 1, 623629.
Morse, D.E., Morse, A.N.C., Duncan, H. and Trench, R.K. (1981) Algal tumors in the Caribbean octocorallian, Gorgonia ventalina: II. Biochemical characterization of the algae, and first epidemiological observations. Bulletin of Marine Science 31, 399409.
Müller, H.G. (1990) New species and records of coral reef inhabiting Caprellidea from Bora Bora and Moorea, Society Islands (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Revue Suisse Zoologie 97, 827842.
Nagelkerken, I., Buchan, K., Smith, G.W., Bonair, K., Bush, P., Garzon-Ferreira, J., Botero, L., Gayle, P., Harvell, C.D., Heberer, C., Kim, K., Petrovic, C., Pors, L. and Yoshioka, P. (1996) Widespread disease in Caribbean sea fans: II. Patterns of infection and tissue loss. Marine Ecology Progress Series 160, 255263.
Nagelkerken, I., Buchan, K., Smith, G.W., Bonair, K., Bush, P., Garzon-Ferreira, J., Botero, L., Gayle, P., Heberer, C., Petrovic, C., Pors, L. and Yoshioka, P. (1997) Widespread disease in Caribbean sea fans: I. Spreading and general characteristics. In Proceedings of the Eighth International Coral Reef Symposium 1, 679682.
Perez, T., Garrabou, J., Sartoretto, S., Harmelin, J.G., Francour, P. and Vacelet, J. (2000) Mortalité massive d'invertébrés marins: un événement sans précédent en Méditerranée nord-occidentale—mass mortality of marine invertebrates: an unprecedented event in the NW Mediterranean. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris III 323, 853865.
Saunders, C.G. (1965) Dietary analysis of caprellids (Amphipoda). Crustaceana 10, 314316.
Scinto, A., Benvenuto, C., Cerrano, C. and Mori, M. (2007) Seasonal cycle of Jassa marmorata Holmes, 1903 (Crustacea, Amphipoda) in the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea, Italy). Journal of Crustacean Biology 27, 212216.
Thomas, J.D. (1993) Biological monitoring and tropical biodiversity in marine environments: a critique with recommendations, and comments on the use of amphipods as bioindicators. Journal of Natural History 27, 795806.
Whale, C. (1985) Habitat-related patterns of injury and mortality among Jamaican gorgonians. Bulletin of Marine Science 37, 905927.
Wulff, J. (2006) Ecological interactions of marine sponges. Canadian Journal of Zoology Special Series 84, 146166.
Yoshioka, P.M. and Buchanan Yoshioka, B. (1989) A multispecies, multiscale analysis of spatial pattern and its application to a shallow-water gorgonian community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 54, 257264.

Keywords

Gorgonian mortality related to a massive attack by caprellids in the Bunaken Marine Park (North Sulawesi, Indonesia)

  • Alice Scinto (a1), Giorgio Bavestrello (a2), Massimo Boyer (a2), Monica Previati (a1) (a2) and Carlo Cerrano (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed