Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Habitat use by Dasyatis americana in a south-western Atlantic oceanic island

  • Aline A. Aguiar (a1), Jean L. Valentin (a2) and Ricardo S. Rosa (a3)
Abstract

The present work aims to determine and analyse the distribution of individuals of different size-classes of the southern stingray, Dasyatis americana, in distinct habitats at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago. The stingrays were visually sampled, quantified and described according to a standard protocol through intensive search method during direct observations. The relationships among individuals of various disc length (DL) classes and their habitat features were described by the correspondence analysis. A total of 356 individuals were sampled. Individuals between 15 and 35 cm DL were observed mostly at the beaches while the greater DLs were strongly related to reef environments. This distribution reflects a tendency of the younger stingrays to occupy the shallow beach areas, while larger individuals move to deeper waters with reef characteristics during the ontogeny.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: A.A. Aguiar, PPGE-UFRJ, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21949-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil email: a_a_aguiar@yahoo.com.br
References
Hide All
Anderson, T.W., Demartini, E.E. and Roberts, D.A. (1989) The relationship between habitat structure, body size and distribution of fishes at a temperate artificial reef. Bulletin of Marine Science 44, 681697.
Castro, J.I. (1993) The shark nursery of Bulls Bay, South Carolina, with a review of the nurseries of the southeastern coast of the United States. Environmental Biology of Fishes 38, 3748.
Castro, A.L.F. and Rosa, R.S. (2005) Use of natural marks on population estimates of the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, at Atol das Rocas Biological Reserve, Brazil. Environmental Biology of Fishes 72, 213221.
Chapman, D.D. and Gruber, S.H. (2002) A further observation of the prey-handling behavior of the great hammerhead shark, Sphyrna mokarran: predation upon the spotted eagle ray, Aetobatus narinari. Bulletin of Marine Science 70, 947952.
Chapman, D.D., Corcoran, M.J., Harvey, G.M., Malan, S. and Shivji, M.S. (2003) Mating behavior of southern stingrays, Dasyatis americana (Dasyatidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 68, 241245.
Ebert, D.A. and Cowley, P.D. (2003) Diet, feeding and habitat utilization of the blue stingray Dasyatis chrysonota (Smith, 1828) in South African waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 54, 957965.
Eston, V.R., Migotto, A.E., Oliveira-Filho, E.C., Rodrigues, S.A. and Freitas, J.C. (1986) Vertical distribution of benthic marine organisms on rocky coasts of Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (Brazil). Boletim do Instituto Oceanografico 34, 3753.
Garla, R.C. (2003) Ecologia e conservação dos tubarões do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, com ênfase no tubarão-cabeça-de-cesto Carcharhinus peresi (Poey, 1876) (Carcharhiniformes, Carcharhinidae). PhD thesis. Rio Claro: Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho.
Gilliam, D. and Sullivan, K.M. (1993) Diet and feeding habits of the southern stingray Dasyatis americana in the Central Bahamas. Bulletin of Marine Science 52, 10071013.
Henningsen, A.D. (2000) Notes on reproduction in the southern stingray, Dasyatis americana (Chondrichthyes; Dasyatidae). Copeia 3, 826828.
Jones, G.P. and McCormick, M.I. (2002) Numerical and energetic processes in the ecology of coral reef fishes. In Sale, P.F. (ed.) Coral reef fishes—dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 221238.
Kramer, D.L., Rangeley, R.W. and Chapman, L.J. (1997) Habitat selection: patterns of spatial distribution from behavioural decisions. In Godin, J.G.J. (ed.) Behavioural ecology of teleost fishes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 3780.
La Mesa, G., Louisy, P. and Vacchi, M. (2002) Assessment of microhabitat preferences in juvenile dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus) by visual sampling. Marine Biology 140, 175185.
Lowe, C.G., Wetherbee, B.M., Crow, G.L. and Tester, A.L. (1996) Ontogenetic dietary shifts and feeding behavior of the tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, in Hawaiian waters. Environmental Biology of Fishes 47, 203211.
Menni, R.C. and Stehmann, F.W. (2000) Distribution, environment and biology of batoid fishes off Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. A review. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia n.s., 69109.
Rangeley, R.W. and Kramer, D.L. (1998) Density-dependent antipredator tactics and habitat selection in juvenile pollock. Ecology 79, 943952.
SBEEL (2005) Plano Nacional de Ação para a Conservação e o Manejo dos Estoques de Peixes Elasmobrânquios no Brasil. Recife: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo de Elasmobrânquios.
Simpfendorfer, C.A. and Milward, N.E. (1993) Utilization of a tropical bay as a nursery area by sharks of the families Carcharhinidae and Sphyrnidae. Environmental Biology of Fishes 37, 337345.
Simpfendorfer, C.A. and Heupel, M.R. (2004) Assessing habitat use and movement. In Carrier, J.C., Musick, J.A. and Heithaus, M.R. (eds) Biology of sharks and their relatives. Bocca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC, pp. 553572.
Snelson, F.F., Williams-Hooper, S.E. and Schmid, T.H. (1989) Biology of the bluntnose stingray, Dasyatis sayi, in Florida coastal lagoons. Bulletin of Marine Science 45, 1525.
Snelson, F.F., Gruber, S.H., Muru, F.L. and Schmid, T.H. (1990) Southern stingray, Dasyatis americana: host for a symbiotic cleaner wrasse. Copeia 4, 961965.
Soto, J.M.R. (2001) Peixes do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha. Mare Magnum 1, 147169.
Stamps, J.A. (1988) Conspecific attraction and aggregation in territorial species. American Naturalist 131, 329347.
Steimle, F.W. and Zetlin, C. (2000) Reef habitats in the Middle Atlantic Bight: abundance, distribution, associated biological communities, and fishery resource use. Marine Fisheries Review 62, 2442.
Strong, W.R., Snelson, F.F. and Gruber, S.H. (1990) Hammerhead shark predation on stingrays: an observation of prey handling by Sphyrna mokarran. Copeia 3, 836840.
Teixeira, W., Cordani, U.G. and Menor, E.A. (2003) Caminhos do tempo geológico. In Linsker, R. (ed.) Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha o Paraíso do Vulcão. São Paulo: Terra Virgem Editora, pp. 2663.
Thorson, T.B. (1983) Observations on the morphology, ecology and life history of the euryhaline stingray, Dasyatis guttata (Bloch and Scneider) 1801. Acta Biologica Venezuelana 11, 95125.
Walker, T. (2000) Fisheries management—1. Conservation and management of sharks. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries, No. 4, Suppl. 1. Rome: FAO.
Wetherbee, B.M., Gruber, S.H. and Rosa, R.S. (2007) Movement patterns of juvenile lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris within Atol das Rocas, Brazil: a nursery characterized by tidal extremes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 343, 283293.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed