Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Leclerc, Jean-Charles Riera, Pascal Lévêque, Laurent and Davoult, Dominique 2016. Contrasting temporal variation in habitat complexity and species abundance distributions in four kelp forest strata. Hydrobiologia, Vol. 777, Issue. 1, p. 33.

    Schaal, Gauthier Leclerc, Jean-Charles Droual, Gabin Leroux, Cedric and Riera, Pascal 2016. Biodiversity and trophic structure of invertebrate assemblages associated with understorey red algae in aLaminaria digitatabed. Marine Biology Research, Vol. 12, Issue. 5, p. 513.

    Huon, Mathilde Jones, Esther L. Matthiopoulos, Jason McConnell, Bernie Caurant, Florence and Vincent, Cécile 2015. Habitat selection of gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) in a marine protected area in France. The Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 79, Issue. 7, p. 1091.

    Sherman, Craig D.H. Peucker, Amanda J. and Ayre, David J. 2007. Do reproductive tactics vary with habitat heterogeneity in the intertidal sea anemone Actinia tenebrosa?. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 340, Issue. 2, p. 259.

  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Volume 77, Issue 2
  • May 1997, pp. 311-323

Macrobenthic biodiversity in intertidal habitats of the Iroise Biosphere Reserve (Brittany, France)

  • C. Hily (a1) and F. Jean (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 October 2009

Patterns of the distribution of intertidal fauna in relation to the diversity of habitats were studied in the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) reserve of the archipelago of Molene and Ouessant (west Brittany, France). A classification of environmental features was developed in order to determine species richness, abundance, biomass and trophic structure of the macrobenthic fauna in this intertidal area which covers 1120 ha. The four descriptors of the environment were: (1) substratum (rock, boulders, sediment, pebbles); (2) height on the shore, based on the macrophytic zones: Pelvetia canaliculata/Fucus spiralis; Fucus vesiculosus / Ascophyllum nodosum; Fucus serratus; and Himanthalia elongata/Zostera marina; (3) wave exposure (sheltered, semi-sheltered, exposed); (4) percentage of algal cover (<50%, >50%). Each type was defined by a four-figure number and matched to a map codification. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and a posteriori Newman-Keuls test (P=0.05) were applied to the series of species richness and biomass. Among the 308 species sampled, 40 represented 90% of the total biomass. Maximal number of species was reached in boulder fields in the Himanthalia zone, under exposed conditions and high algal cover. The lowest number of species was observed in pebble fields of the Pelvetia zone and in the sedimentary areas. Trophic structures were dominated by suspension feeders and herbivores at high levels on the shore and by carnivores at the lowest levels. High vegetation cover and wave-exposed conditions were shown to increase with increasing faunal diversity. Links between patterns of habitat distribution and faunal diversity and biomass in different spatial scales are discussed.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

E. Bourget , J. DeGuise & G. Daigle , 1994. Scales of substratum heterogeneity, structural complexity, and the early establishment of a marine epibenthic community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 181, 3151.

J.H. Connell , 1976. Competitive interactions and the species diversity of corals. In Coelenterate ecology and behaviour (ed. G.O. Mackie ), pp. 5159. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.

A.N. Davies & R.T. Wilde , 1987. Algal diversity in relation to physical disturbance: a mosaic of successionnal stages in a subtidal cobble habitat. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 37, 229237.

P.K. Dayton , 1975. Experimental evaluation of ecological dominance in a rocky intertidal algal community. Ecological Monographs, 45, 137159.

M.N. Dethier , 1984. Disturbance and recovery in intertidal pools: maintenance of mosaic patterns. Ecological Monographs, 54, 99118.

A. Fuji & H. Nomura , 1990. Community structure of the rocky shore macrobenthos in southern Hokkaido, Japan. Marine Biology, 107, 471–177.

M. Huston , 1979. A general hypothesis of species diversity. American Naturalist, 113, 81101.

M. Lieberman , D. John & D. Lieberman , 1984. Factors influencing algal species assemblages on reef and cobble substrata off Ghana. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 75, 129143.

Y. Loya , 1976. Recolonization of the Red Sea corals affected by natural catastrophes and man-made perturbations. Ecology, 57, 278289.

E. Meesters , R. Knijn , P. Willemsen , R. Pennartz , G. Roebers & R.W.M. Soest , van, 1991. Sub-rubble communities of Curacao and Bonaire coral reefs. Coral Reefs, 10, 189197.

S.T.A. Pickett , J. Kolasa , J.J. Armesto , & Collins S.L., 1989. The ecological concept of disturbance and its expression at various hierarchical levels. Oikos, 54, 129136.

W.P. Sousa , 1979. Disturbance in marine intertidal boulder fields: the nonequilibrium maintenance of species diversity. Ecology, 60, 12251239.

A.J. Underwood , 1981. Structure of a rocky intertidal community in New South Wales: patterns of vertical distribution and seasonal changes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 51, 5785.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *