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  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Volume 59, Issue 3
  • August 1979, pp. 635-657

Mode of life and behaviour of Montacuta phascolionis, a bivalve commensal with the sipunculan Phascolion strombi

  • J. D. Gage (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

The tiny bivalve mollusc Montacuta (Tellimya) phascolionis (Dautzenberg & Fischer) belongs to the family Montacutidae, which is usually classified in a grouping of a superfamily rank, the Galeommatacea (= Erycinacea, Leptonacea or Leptonoidea) and includes many small and rather obscure species that are found associated with a wide variety of usually burrowing marine invertebrates (see Boss, 1965). M. phascolionis recently has been referred to the genus Tellimya (Chavan, 1960, 1969; Bowden & Heppell, 1968) or removed from the Montacutidae altogether and put into a new monospecific genus, Phascoliophila (Nordsieck, 1969). It is clear that a comprehensive revision of the Montacutidae is badly needed in order to establish the correct position of the present species within the family. However, the present author feels it justified in the interim to follow Ponder (1968) in recognizing Tellimya as a subgenus of Montacuta that includes the species phascolionis.

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D. W. Ewer & E. Bursall , 1950. A note on the classification of elementary behaviour patterns. Behaviour, 3, 4047.

J. Gage , 1968a. The mode of life of Mysella cuneata, a bivalve ‘commensal’ with Phascolion strombi (Sipunculoidea). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 46, 919934.

J. Gage , 1968b. The mode of life of Montacuta elevata a bivalve ‘commensal’ with Clymenella torquata (Polychaeta). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 46, 877892.

J. M. Gerould , 1913. The sipunculids of the eastern coast of North America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 44, 373437.

T. F. Goreau & C. M. Yonge , 1968. Coral community on muddy sand. Nature, London, 217, 421423.

J. H. Kristensen , 1969. Irrigation in the sipunculid Phascolion strombi (Mont.). Ophelia, 7, 101112.

J. E. Morton , 1962. Habit and orientation in the small commensal bivalve mollusc, Montacuta ferruginosa. Animal Behaviour, 10, 126133.

C. Nielsen , 1964. Studies on Danish Entopracta. Ophelia, 1, 176.

K. OcKelmann & K. Muus , 1978. The biology, ecology and behaviour of the bivalve Mysella bidentata (Montagu). Ophelia, 17, 193.

J. B. Sigurdsson , C. W. Titman & P. A. Davies , 1976. The dispersal of young post-larval bivalve molluscs by byssus threads. Nature, London, 262, 386387.

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