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New symbiotic associations of hyperiid amphipods (Peracarida) with gelatinous zooplankton in deep waters off California

  • Rebeca Gasca (a1), Rebecca Hoover (a2) and Steven H.D. Haddock (a2)
Abstract

Hyperiid amphipods are holoplanktonic marine crustaceans that are known as temporary symbionts of different groups of gelatinous zooplankton. The nature and dynamics of these associations are still poorly understood, particularly in deep waters. The mesopelagic and deep-living planktonic fauna off Monterey Bay, California (down to 4000 m) was surveyed using a remotely operated submersible (ROV) and blue-water diving (BWD) between September 2005 and January 2008. In this work we report our observations on a total of 51 symbiotic associations observed in situ (not from zooplankton samples), between hyperiid amphipods and various taxa of gelatinous zooplankton. We present the first information on the symbiotic relations of the hyperiid Vibilia caeca, and we provide data of 34 previously unknown symbiotic associations. The host range was expanded for several widely distributed hyperiid species. These findings suggest that the symbiotic associations between hyperiid amphipods and gelatinous zooplankton in deep waters deserve further study worldwide.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: R. Gasca, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Av. Centenario Km 5.5, Chetumal, Quintana Roo 77014, Mexico email: rgasca@ecosur.mx
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Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
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