Skip to main content Accessibility help

Percolomonas cosmopolitus (Ruinen) n.gen., a new type of filter feeding flagellate from marine plankton

  • Tom Fenchel (a1) and David J. Patterson (a2)

The ecological significance of heterotrophic micro-flagellates in marine plankton has recently drawn considerable interest among biological oceanographers (Anderson & Fenchel, 1985; Haas & Webb, 1979; Fenchel, 1985 and references therein). Such organisms have been shown to be numerous, occurring in densities of 5 x 102 to 2 x 103 per ml in surface coastal and oceanic waters. Their grazing activities are believed to account for virtually all of the turnover of populations of suspended bacteria.

Hide All
Amos, W. B., Grimstone, A. V., Rothschild, L. J. & Allen, R. D., 1979. Structure, protein composition and birefringence of the costa: a motile flagellar root fibre in the flagellate Trichomonas. Journal of Cell Science, 35, 139164.
Anderson, P. & Fenchel, T. 1985. Bactivory by microheterotrophic flagellates in seawater samples. Limnology and Oceanography, 30, 198202.
Balamuth, W., Bradbury, P. C. & Schuster, F. L., 1983. Ultrastructure of the amoeboflagellate Tetramitus rostratus. Journal of Protozoology, 30, 445—455.
Brugerolle, G., 1975. Etude ultrastructurale du genre Enteromonas da Fonseca (Zoomastigophorea) et revision de l'ordre des Diplomonadida Wenyon. Journal of Protozoology, 22, 468475.
Bunting, M., 1926. Studies of the life-cycle of Tetramitus rostratus Perty. Journal of Morphology and Physiology, 42, 2381.
Bunting, M. & Wenrich, D. H., 1929. Binary fission in the amoeboid and flagellate phases of Tetramitus rostratus (Protozoa). Journal of Morphology and Physiology, 47, 37—87.
Calaway, W. T. & Lackey, J. B., 1962. Waste treatment protozoa Flagellata. Florida Engineering Series, 3, 1140.
Cox, E. R., 1980. Phytoflagellates. New York: Elsevier.
Darbyshire, J. F., Page, F. C. & Goodfellow, L. P., 1976. Paratetramitus jugosous, an amoebo-flagellate of soils and freshwater, type-species of Paratetramitus nov.gen. Protistologica, 12, 375387.
Eyden, B. P. & Vickerman, K., 1975. Ultrastructure and vacuolar movements in the free-living diplomonad Tetramitus agilis Klebs. Journal of Protozoology, 22, 5466.
Fenchel, T., 1982. Ecology of heterotrophic microflagellates. II. Bioenergetics and growth. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 8, 225231.
Fenchel, T., 1985. The ecology of heterotrophic microflagellates. Advances in Microbial Ecology, 9, in press.
Fenchel, T., 1986. Protozoan filter feeding. Progress in Protistology, 1, in press.
Fulton, C., 1970. Amoebo-flagellates as research partners: the laboratory biology of Naegleria and Tetramitus. In Methods in Cell Physiology, vol. 4 (ed. D., Prescott), pp. 341—476. New York: Academic Press.
Gardiner, P. R., Miller, R. H. & Marsh, M. C. P., 1981. Studies on the rhizoplast from Naegleria gruberi. Journal of Cell Science, 47, 277293.
Griessmann, K., 1913. Uber marine Flagellaten. Archiv fur Protistenkunde, 32 (year 1914), 178.
Haas, L. W. & Webb, K. L., 1979. Nutritional mode of several non-pigmented microflagellates from the York River estuary, Virginia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 39, 125134.
Hibberd, D. J., 1975. Observations on the ultrastructure of the choanoflagellate Codosiga botrytis (Ehr.) Saville-Kent, with special reference to the flagellar apparatus. Journal of Cell Science, 17, 191219.
Hibberd, D. J., 1976. The fine structure of the colonial colorless flagellates Rhipidodendron splendidum Stein and Spongomonas uvella Stein with special reference to the flagellar apparatus. Journal of Protozoology, 23, 374—385.
Hibberd, D. J., 1983. Ultrastructure of the colonial colourless zooflagellates Phalansterium digitatum Stein (Phalansteriida ord. nov.) and Spongomonas uvella Stein (Spongomonadida ord. nov.). Protistologica, 19, 523535.
Hibberd, D. J. & Norris, R. E., 1984. Cytology and ultrastructure of Chlorarachnion reptans (Chlorarachniophyta divisio nova, Chlorarachniophyceae classis nova). Journal of Phycology, 20, 310330.
Kirby, H., 1932. Two protozoa from brine. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 51, 815.
Kulda, J. & Nohynkova, E., 1978. Flagellates of the human intestine and of intestines of other species. In Parasitic Protozoa, vol. 2 (ed. Kreier, J. P.), pp. 1138. New York: Academic Press.
Larson, D. E. & Dingle, A. D., 1981. Isolation, ultrastructure, and protein composition of the flagellar rootlet of Naegleria gruberi. Journal of Cell Biology, 89, 424432.
Leadbeater, B. S. C., 1972. Fine-structural observations on some marine choanoflagellates from the coast of Norway. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 52, 6779.
Leadbeater, B. S. C., 1977. Observations on the life-history and ultrastructure of the marine choanoflagellate Choanoeca perplexa Ellis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 285301.
Leadbeater, B. S. C., 1979. Developmental and ultrastructural observations on two stalked marine choanoflagellates, Acanthoecopsis spiculifera Norris and Acanthoeca spectabilis Ellis. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 204, 5766.
Leedale, G. F., 1967. Euglenid Flagellates. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Leedale, G. F., 1982. Ultrastructure. In The Biology of Euglena, vol. 3 (ed. Buetow, D. E.), pp. 127. New York: Academic Press.
Levine, N. D., Corliss, J. O., Cox, F. E. G., Deroux, G., Grain, J., Honigberg, B. M., Leedale, G. F., Loeblich, A. R. III, Lom, J., Lynn, D., Merinfeld, E. G., Page, F. C., Poljansky, G., Sprague, V., Vavra, J. & Wallace, F. G., 1980. A newly revised classification of the Protozoa. Journal of Protozoology, 27, 3758.
Manton, I. & Leadbeater, B. S. C., 1978. Some critical qualitative details of lorica construction in the type species of Calliacantha Leadbeater (Choanoflagellata). Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 203, 4957.
Mignot, J. P., 1966. Structure et ultrastructure de quelques euglenomonadines. Protistologica, 2 (3), 51117.
Mignot, J. P., 1974. Etude ultrastructurale d'un protiste flagellé incolore: Pseudodendromonas vlkii Bourrelly. Protistologica, 10, 397412.
Mignot, J. P. & Brugerolle, G., 1975. Etude ultrastructurale du flagellé phagotrophe Colponema loxodes Stein. Protistologica, 11, 429444.
Moestrup, Ø. & Thomsen, H. A., 1976. Fine structural studies on the flagellate genus Bicoeca I. Bicoeca maris with particular emphasis on the flagellar apparatus. Protistologica, 12, 101120.
Outka, D. E. & Kluss, B. C., 1967. The ameba-to-flagellate transformation in Tetramitus rostratus. II. Microtubular morphogenesis. Journal of Cell Biology, 35, 323346.
Page, F. C. & Blanton, R. L., 1985. The Heterolobosea (Sarcodina: Rhizopoda), a new class uniting the Schizopyrenida and the Acrasidae (Acrasida). Protistologica, 21, 121132.
Patterson, C., 1982. Morphological characters and homology. In Problems of Phylogenetic Reconstruction (ed. Joysey, K. A. and Friday, A. E.), pp. 2174. London: Academic Press.
Patterson, D. J., 1982. Photomicrography using a dedicated electronic flash. Microscopy, 34, 437442.
Patterson, D. J. & Fenchel, T., 1985. Insights into the evolution of heliozoa (Protozoa, Sarcodina) as provided by ultrastructural studies on a new species of flagellate from the genus Pteridomonas. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society of London, 34, 381403.
Patterson, M., 1981. Ultrastructure of Naegleria fowleri enflagellation. Journal of Bacteriology, 147, 217226.
Ruinen, J., 1938. Notizen iiber Salzflagellaten. II. Uber die Verbreitung der Salzflagellaten. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 90, 210258.
Schuster, F., 1975. Ultrastructure of mitosis in the amoeboflagellate Naegleria gruberi. Tissue and Cell, 7, 111.
Skuja, H., 1956. Taxonomische und biologische Studien iiber das Phytoplankton Schwedischer Binnengewasser. Nova acta Regiae Societatis scientarum upsalinensis, 16 (3), 404 pp.
Smith, R. MCK. & Patterson, D. J., 1986. Analyses of helizoan inter-relationships: an example of the potentials and limitations of ultrastructural approaches to the study of protistan phylogeny. Proceedings of the Royal Society, in press.
Thomsen, H. A. & Boonruang, P., 1983. A microscopical study of marine collared flagellates (Choanoflagellida) from the Andaman Sea, SW Thailand: species of Stephanacantha gen.nov. apnd Platypleura gen.nov. Protistologica, 19, 193214.
Thomsen, H. A. & Moestrup, Ø., 1983. Electron microscopical investigations on two loricate choanoflagellates (Choanoflagellida), Calotheca alata gen. et sp.nov. and Syndetophyllum pulchellum gen. et comb.nov., from Indo-Pacific localities. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 219, 4152.
Vickerman, K., Darbyshire, J. F. & Ogden, C. G., 1974. Apusomonas proboscidea Alexeieff 1924 An unusual phagotrophic flagellate from soil. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 116, 254269.
Vickerman, K. & Preston, T. M., 1976. Comparative cell biology of the kinetoplastid flagellates. In Biology of the Kinetoplastida (ed. Lumsden, W. H. R. and Evans, D. A.), vol 1, pp. 35130. London: Academic Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed