Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Quantitative analyses of decapod crustaceans at a rocky intertidal shore in the Gulf of Oman, Iran: diversity, zonation and monsoonal fluctuations

  • Saeed Ebrahimnezhad (a1) and Reza Naderloo (a1)
Abstract

This paper provides data on diversity, zonation and seasonal fluctuations of decapod crustaceans at the northern Gulf of Oman coast, based on quantitative and qualitative samplings. A total of 75 species belonging to four infraorders, 27 families and 48 genera were identified. These species include 20 new records for the entire Gulf of Oman and 13 new records for its Iranian coast. The mid-intertidal zone showed a higher mean diversity and abundance than high- and low-intertidal zones. The mean diversity and abundance in the high-intertidal zone showed significant differences with the mid- and low-intertidal zones. The indices of species richness (Margalef), diversity (Shannon) and evenness (Pielou) showed significant differences among the intertidal zones. Most of the identified species (>60%) that had high values in their frequency of occurrence and relative abundance showed an overlapping vertical distribution, and were present in all three or just in two of the three defined zones. Other species were found only in one of the three zones (non-overlapping vertical distribution). The decapod community in the mid-intertidal zone showed a higher dissimilarity with the high-intertidal zone than with the low-intertidal. Both abundance and diversity were found to be lowest and highest during south-west and north-east monsoons, respectively. During south-west monsoon, the abundance of decapods declined dramatically, but species diversity and ecological indices did not show any statistically significant difference among the sampling periods.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: R. Naderloo, Department of Zoology, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran email: rnaderloo@ut.ac.ir
References
Hide All
Achituv, Y. and Ziskind, M. (1985) Adaptation of Coenobita scaevola (Forskal) (Crustacea, Anomura) to terrestrial life in desert-bordered shore line. Marine Ecology Progress Series 25, 189197.
Airoldi, L. (2003) The effects of sedimentation on rocky coast assemblages. In Atkinson, R. and Gibson, R. (eds) Oceanography and marine biology: an annual review. London: CRC Press, pp. 161236.
Akbari, P., Sadrinasab, M., Chegini, V. and Siadatmousavi, M. (2016) Tidal constituents in the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman and Arabian Sea: a numerical study. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 45, 10101016.
Apel, M. (1994) Effects of the 1991 Gulf War oil spill on the crab fauna of intertidal mudflats in the Western Arabian Gulf. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 166, 4046.
Ardalan, M., Sari, A., Rezvani-Gilkolaei, S. and Pourkazemi, M. (2010) Phylogeny of Iranian coastal lobsters inferred from mitochondrial DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 62, 331338.
Arruda Bezerra, L.E., Braga Dias, C., Ximenes Santana, G. and Matthews-Cascon, H. (2006) Spatial distribution of fiddler crabs (genus Uca) in a tropical mangrove of northeast Brazil. Scientia Marina 70, 759766.
Bakus, G.J. (2007) Quantitative analysis of marine biological communities: field biology and environment. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Basson, P.W., Burchard, J. Jr, Hardy, J.T. and Price, A.R. (1977) Biotopes of the western Arabian Gulf; marine life and environments of Saudi Arabia. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Aramco Department of Loss Prevention and Environmental Affairs.
Berkenbusch, K. and Rowden, A. (2003) Ecosystem engineering – moving away from ‘just-so’ stories. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 27, 6773. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24058163.
Blanchette, C., Wieters, E., Broitman, B., Kinlan, B. and Schiel, D. (2009) Trophic structure and diversity in rocky intertidal upwelling ecosystems: a comparison of community patterns across California, Chile, South Africa and New Zealand. Progress in Oceanography 83, 107116. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2009.07.038.
Bosman, A., Hockey, P. and Siegfried, W. (1987) The influence of coastal upwelling on the functional structure of rocky intertidal communities. Oecologia 72, 226232. doi: 10.1007/Bf00379273.
Boudreau, S.A. and Worm, B. (2012) Ecological role of large benthic decapods in marine ecosystems: a review. Marine Ecology Progress Series 469, 195213. doi: 10.3354/meps09862.
Brierley, A.S. and Kingsford, M.J. (2009) Impacts of climate change on marine organisms and ecosystems. Current Biology 19, 602614. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.05.046.
Brink, K., Arnone, R., Coble, P., Flagg, C., Jones, B., Kindle, J., Lee, C., Phinney, D., Wood, M. and Yentsch, C. (1998) Monsoons boost biological productivity in Arabian Sea. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union 79, 165169.
Cartes, J.E. and Sardà, F. (1993) Zonation of deep-sea decapod fauna in the Catalan Sea (western Mediterranean). Marine Ecology Progress Series 94, 2734. doi: 10.3354/Meps094027.
Chapman, A.S., Albrecht, A.S. and Fletcher, R.L. (2002) Differential effects of sediments on survival and growth of Fucus serratus embryos (fucales, phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 38, 894903. doi: 10.1046/j.1529-8817.2002.t01-1-02025.x.
Chavanich, S. and Wilson, K.A. (2000) Rocky intertidal zonation of gammaridean amphipods in Long Island Sound, Connecticut. Crustaceana 73, 835846. doi: 10.1163/156854000504840.
Chiffings, A.W. (1995) Arabian Seas. In Bleakley, C., Kelleher, G. and Wells, S. (eds) A global representative system of Marine Protected Areas, Volume 3. Central Indian Ocean, Arabian Seas, East Africa and East Asian Seas. Washington, DC: World Bank, pp. 3970.
Clarke, K.R. and Gorley, R.N. (2006) PRIMER v6: user manual/tutorial. Plymouth: Plymouth Marine Laboratory.
Coles, S.L. (2003) Coral species diversity and environmental factors in the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman: a comparison to the Indo-Pacific region. Atoll Research Bulletin 507, 119.
Connell, J.H. (1961) Effects of competition, predation by Thais lapillus, and other factors on natural populations of the barnacle Balanus balanoides. Ecological Monographs 31, 61104.
De Grave, S., Pentcheff, D., Ahyong, S.T., Chan, T.-Y., Crandall, K.A. and Dworschak, P.C. (2009) A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 21, 1109.
Ellis, D.V. (2003) Rocky shore intertidal zonation as a means of monitoring and assessing shoreline biodiversity recovery. Marine Pollution Bulletin 46, 305307. doi: 10.1016/S0025-326x(02)00323-5.
Fazeli, N. and Zare, R. (2011) Effect of seasonal monsoons on calanoid copepod in Chabahar Bay-Gulf of Oman. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences 4, 1170.
Fly, E.K., Monaco, C.J., Pincebourde, S. and Tullis, A. (2012) The influence of intertidal location and temperature on the metabolic cost of emersion in Pisaster ochraceus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 422, 2028. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2012.04.007.
Foster, K., Foster, G., Al-Cibahy, A.S., Al-Harthi, S., Purkis, S.J. and Riegl, B.M. (2012) Environmental setting and temporal trends in southeastern Gulf coral communities. In Riegl, B. and Purkis, S.J. (eds) Coral reefs of the Gulf. Amsterdam: Springer, pp. 5170.
Freitag, H. (2005) Longitudinal zonation patterns and determinants in Decapoda (Crustacea) in rivers of Palawan Island, Philippines. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie Supplement vol., Monographic studies 151, 243267.
Grant, J. and McDonald, J. (1979) Desiccation tolerance of Eurypanopeus depressus (Smith) (Decapoda: Xanthidae) and the exploitation of microhabitat. Estuaries 2, 172177. doi: 10.2307/1351731.
Gregory, L.P., Campbell, M.L., Primo, C. and Hewitt, C.L. (2012) Biotic and abiotic factors affecting the Tasmanian distribution and density of the introduced New Zealand porcelain crab Petrolisthes elongatus. Aquatic Invasions 7, 491501. doi: 10.3391/ai.2012.7.4.006.
Hamzehei, S., Bidokhi, A., Mortazavi, M.S. and Gheiby, A. (2013) Red tide monitoring in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman using MODIS sensor data. Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 3, 11001107.
Harkantra, S.N. and Parulekar, A.H. (1985) Community structure of sand-dwelling macrofauna of an estuarine beach in Goa, India. Marine Ecology Progress Series 30, 291294.
Hidalgo, F.J., Silliman, B.R., Bazterrica, M.C. and Bertness, M.D. (2007) Predation on the rocky shores of Patagonia, Argentina. Estuaries and Coasts 30, 886894.
Ibrahim, S., Hussin, W.M.R.W., Kassim, Z., Joni, Z.M., Zakaria, M.Z. and Hajisamae, S. (2006) Seasonal abundance of benthic communities in coral areas of Karah Island, Terengganu, Malaysia. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 6, 129136.
Jensen, G.C. and Armstrong, D.A. (1991) Intertidal zonation among congeners: factors regulating distribution of porcelain crabs Petrolisthes spp. (Anomura: Porcellanidae). Marine Ecology Progress Series 73, 4760. doi: 10.3354/Meps073047.
Johns, W.E., Jacobs, G.A., Kindle, J.C., Murray, S.P. and Carron, M. (1999) Arabian marginal seas and gulfs. University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 2000-01. http://mpo.rsmas.miami.edu/~zantopp/AMSG-report.html.
Jones, D.A. and Clayton, D. (1983) The systematics and ecology of crabs belonging to the genera Cleistostoma De Haan and Paracleistostoma De Man on Kuwait mudflats. Crustaceana 45, 183199.
Jones, P.L. and Shulman, M.J. (2008) Subtidal-intertidal trophic links: American lobsters [Homarus americanus (Milne-Edwards)] forage in the intertidal zone on nocturnal high tides. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 361, 98103. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.05.004.
Kevrekidis, T. (2005) Population dynamics, reproductive biology and productivity of Streblospio shrubsolii (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in different sediments at low salinities in a Mediterranean lagoon (Monolimni lagoon, Northern Aegean). International Review of Hydrobiology 90, 100121. doi: 10.1002/iroh.200310713.
Knox, G.A. (2000) The ecology of seashores, 1st edn. London: CRC Press.
Macintosh, D. (1988) The ecology and physiology of decapods of mangrove swamps. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London 59, 315341.
Magurran, A.E. (2004) Measuring biological diversity, 1st edn. Oxford: Blackwell.
Margalef, R. (1953) Information theory in ecology. International Journal of General Systems 3, 3671.
McLachlan, A. and Brown, A.C. (2006) The ecology of sandy shores, 2nd edn. Amsterdam: Academic Press.
Mistri, M., Fano, E.A., Ghion, F. and Rossi, R. (2002) Disturbance and community pattern of polychaetes inhabiting Valle Magnavacca (Valli di Comacchio, Northern Adriatic Sea, Italy). Marine Ecology 23, 3149. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0485.2002.02751.x.
Moradmand, M. and Sari, A. (2007) Littoral hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) from the Gulf of Oman, Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 3, 2536.
Naderloo, R., Ebrahimnezhad, S. and Sari, A. (2015) Annotated checklist of the decapod crustaceans of the Gulf of Oman, northwestern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 4028, 397412. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4028.3.5.
Naderloo, R. and Türkay, M. (2012) Decapod crustaceans of the littoral and shallow sublittoral Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf: faunistics, biodiversity and zoogeography. Zootaxa 3374, 167.
Naderloo, R., Türkay, M. and Sari, A. (2013) Intertidal habitats and decapod (Crustacea) diversity of Qeshm Island, a biodiversity hotspot within the Persian Gulf. Marine Biodiversity 43, 445462. doi: 10.1007/s12526-013-0174-3.
Nagelkerken, I. (2009) Ecological connectivity among tropical coastal ecosystems. New York, NY: Springer.
Negromonte, A.O., Araújo, M.D.S.L.C. and Coelho, P.A. (2012) Decapod crustaceans from a marine tropical mangrove ecosystem on the Southern Western Atlantic, Brazil. Nauplius 20, 247256.
Neves, F.M. and Bemvenuti, C.E. (2006) The ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787) as a potential indicator of anthropic impact along the Rio Grande do Sul coast, Brazil. Biological Conservation 133, 431435. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2006.04.041.
Ng, P.K., Guinot, D. and Davie, P.J. (2008) Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant brachyuran crabs of the world. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 17, 1286.
Nikouyan, A. and Savari, A. (1999) Distribution and biomass of macrobenthic fauna in the Chabahar Bay (North eastern Sea of Oman). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 1, 2339.
Nybakken, J.W. and Bertness, M.D. (2004) Marine biology: an ecological approach, 6th edn. San Francisco, CA: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings.
Ormond, R.F.G. and Banaimoon, S.A. (1994) Ecology of intertidal macroalgal assemblages on the Hadramout coast of southern Yemen, an area of seasonal upwelling. Marine Ecology Progress Series 105, 105120. doi: 10.3354/Meps105105.
Pacheco, A.S., Thiel, M., Uribe, R.A., Campos, L. and Riascos, J.M. (2013) Effects of sympatric predatory crabs Romaleon polyodon and Cancer plebejus (Decapoda, Brachyura, Cancridae) on sublittoral macrobenthic communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 443, 147154. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2013.02.044.
Perkins, M.J., Ng, T.P., Dudgeon, D., Bonebrake, T.C. and Leung, K.M. (2015) Conserving intertidal habitats: what is the potential of ecological engineering to mitigate impacts of coastal structures? Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 167, 504515.
Pielou, E.C. (1969) An introduction to mathematical ecology. New York, NY: Wiley-Interscience.
Piontkovski, S., Al-Azri, A. and Al-Hashmi, K. (2011) Seasonal and interannual variability of chlorophyll-a in the Gulf of Oman compared to the open Arabian Sea regions. International Journal of Remote Sensing 32, 77037715. doi: 10.1080/01431161.2010.527393.
Piontkovski, S. and Chiffings, T. (2014) Long-term changes of temperature in the Sea of Oman and the western Arabian Sea. International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography 8, 5372.
Piontkovski, S.A., Al-Gheilani, H.M., Jupp, B.P., Al-Azri, A.R. and Al-Hashmi, K.A. (2012) Interannual changes in the Sea of Oman ecosystem. The Open Marine Biology Journal 6, 3852.
Pohle, G., Iken, K., Clarke, K.R., Trott, T., Konar, B., Cruz-Motta, J.J., Wong, M., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., Mead, A. and Miloslavich, P. (2011) Aspects of benthic decapod diversity and distribution from rocky nearshore habitat at geographically widely dispersed sites. PLoS ONE 6, e18606. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018606.
Pourvali, N., Pour Fatemeh, E., Arash, S. and Hamid, R. (2014) Sea star (Echinodermata) species diversity and distribution in the south-east of Iran (Gulf of Oman). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 5, 1420.
Prasad, T., Ikeda, M. and Kumar, S.P. (2001) Seasonal spreading of the Persian Gulf water mass in the Arabian Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 106, 1705917071. doi: 10.1029/2000jc000480.
Rabbaniha, M., Mousavi Golsefid, S. and Owfi, F. (2014) The effect of monsoon on fish larva assemblage changes in Gowatr Bay, North Oman Sea. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 13, 427436.
Raffaelli, D. and Hawkins, S.J. (1999) Intertidal ecology, 2nd edn. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Reddin, C.J., Docmac, F., O'Connor, N.E., Bothwell, J.H. and Harrod, C. (2015) Coastal upwelling drives intertidal assemblage structure and trophic ecology. PLoS ONE 10, e0130789. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130789.
Reichert, K., Buchholz, F. and Giménez, L. (2008) Community composition of the rocky intertidal at Helgoland (German Bight, North Sea). Helgoland Marine Research 62, 357366. doi: 10.1007/s10152-008-0123-x.
Reynolds, R.M. (1993) Physical oceanography of the Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, and the Gulf of Oman – results from the Mt Mitchell expedition. Marine Pollution Bulletin 27, 3559.
Robles, C.D., Desharnais, R.A., Garza, C., Donahue, M.J. and Martinez, C.A. (2009) Complex equilibria in the maintenance of boundaries: experiments with mussel beds. Ecology 90, 985995. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19449693.
Saket, A. and Etemad-Shahidi, A. (2012) Wave energy potential along the northern coasts of the Gulf of Oman, Iran. Renewable Energy 40, 9097. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2011.09.024.
Schils, T. and Wilson, S.C. (2006) Temperature threshold as a biogeographic barrier in northern Indian Ocean macroalgae 1. Journal of Phycology 42, 749756.
Shannon, C.E. and Weaver, W. (1998) The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana–Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Sheppard, C.R.C., Price, A. and Roberts, C. (1992) Marine ecology of the Arabian region: patterns and processes in extreme tropical environments. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Sheppard, C.R.C. and Sheppard, A.L.S. (1991) Corals and coral communities of Arabia. In Buttiker, W. and Krupp, F. (eds) Fauna of Saudi Arabia. Basel: Natural History Museum, pp. 3170.
Shives, J.A. and Dunbar, S.G. (2010) Behavioral responses to burial in the hermit crab, Pagurus samuelis: implications for the fossil record. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 388, 3338. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2010.03.008.
Simões, N., Apel, M. and Jones, D.A. (2001) Intertidal habitats and decapod faunal assemblages (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Socotra Island, Republic of Yemen. Hydrobiologia 449, 8197. doi: 10.1023/A:1017541019388.
Spalding, M.D., Fox, H.E., Allen, G.R., Davidson, N., Ferdaña, Z.A., Finlayson, M., Halpern, B.S., Jorge, M.A., Lombana, A. and Lourie, S.A. (2007) Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. BioScience 57, 573583. doi: 10.1641/B570707.
Stephenson, T.A. and Stephenson, A. (1972) Life between tidemarks on rocky shores. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman & Co Ltd.
Taheri, M. and Foshtomi, M.Y. (2009) Community structure and biodiversity of intertidal sandy beach polychaetes in Chabahar Bay, Oman Gulf, Iran, related to the monsoon period. Marine Biodiversity Records 2, e137. http://jpg.inio.ac.ir/article-1-3-en.html.
Tapia, F.J., DiBacco, C., Jarrett, J. and Pineda, J. (2010) Vertical distribution of barnacle larvae at a fixed nearshore station in southern California: stage-specific and diel patterns. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 86, 265270. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2009.11.003.
Thompson, R., Crowe, T. and Hawkins, S. (2002) Rocky intertidal communities: past environmental changes, present status and predictions for the next 25 years. Environmental Conservation 29, 168191. doi: 10.1017/S0376892902000115.
Tsang, L.M., Achituv, Y., Chu, K.H. and Chan, B.K.K. (2012) Zoogeography of intertidal communities in the west Indian Ocean as determined by ocean circulation systems: patterns from the Tetraclita barnacles. PLoS ONE 7, e45120. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045120.
Turra, A. and Denadai, M.R. (2001) Desiccation tolerance of four sympatric tropical intertidal hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura). Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 34, 227238.
Underwood, A. and Jernakoff, P. (1981) Effects of interactions between algae and grazing gastropods on the structure of a low-shore intertidal algal community. Oecologia 48, 221233.
Underwood, A.J. (1984) The vertical distribution and seasonal abundance of intertidal microalgae on a rocky shore in New South Wales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 78, 199220. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0981(84)90159-X.
Vinagre, C., Leal, I., Mendonça, V., Madeira, D., Narciso, L., Diniz, M.S. and Flores, A.A. (2015) Vulnerability to climate warming and acclimation capacity of tropical and temperate coastal organisms. Ecological Indicators 62, 317327. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X15006421.
Wang, P., Clemens, S., Beaufort, L., Braconnot, P., Ganssen, G., Jian, Z., Kershaw, P. and Sarnthein, M. (2005) Evolution and variability of the Asian monsoon system: state of the art and outstanding issues. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 595629. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.10.002.
Wei, C.-L., Rowe, G.T., Al-Ansi, M., Al-Maslamani, I., Soliman, Y., El-Din, N.N., Al-Ansari, I.S., Al-Shaikh, I., Quigg, A. and Nunnally, C. (2016) Macrobenthos in the central Arabian Gulf: a reflection of climate extremes and variability. Hydrobiologia 770, 5372. doi: 10.1007/s10750-015-2568-7.
Whitlatch, R.B. (1981) Animal-sediment relationships in intertidal marine benthic habitats: some determinants of deposit-feeding species diversity. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 53, 3145.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Ebrahimnezhad and Naderloo et al. supplementary material 1
Supplementary Figure

 Unknown (5.4 MB)
5.4 MB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed