Skip to main content Accessibility help

Review of the Septibranchia (Pelecypoda: Mollusca) from deep sea of Campos Basin, Brazil: family Verticordiidae, with description of a new species

  • Cléo Dilnei de Castro Oliveira (a1) and Ricardo Silva Absalão (a1)


Despite the increase in the number of deep-sea studies, little is known about the hadal molluscs. For Brazil, only a few studies have treated the Septibranchia. This contribution is part of an effort to increase the knowledge of this group off the Brazilian coast, although it is focused only on the Campos Basin (22°S), State of Rio de Janeiro. Four species of the family Verticordiidae are recognized here. For Spinosipella tinga Simone & Cunha, 2008, the known depth distribution is extended to 1050 m. For Verticordia woodii Smith, 1885, previously reported from Brazil, the known distribution is extended southwards to the Campos Basin. Verticordia quadrata Smith, 1885, is reported from Brazil for the first time. A previously unknown species, Verticordia ouricuri sp. nov., is described. The presence of small spines, typically with a hexagonal column and a stellate structure at their distal end emerges as an additional taxonomic character for the verticordiids.


Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: C.D. de Castro Oliveira, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Fundão, 21941-590 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil email:


Hide All
Abbott, R.T. (1974) American seashells. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 663 pp.
Abbott, R.T. and Dance, S.P. (1982) Compedium of seashells. A color guide to more than 4,200 of the world's marine shells. California: Odyssey Publishing, 411 pp.
Absalão, R.S. and Santos, F.N. (2004) Recent deep-sea species of Benthonellania Lozouet, 1990 (Gastropoda, Rissoidea) from the south-western Atlantic with description of two new species utilizing a shell morphometric multivariate. Journal of Conchology 38, 329340.
Absalão, R.S. and Pimenta, A.D. (2005) New records and new species of Vetulonia Dall, 1913 and Brookula Iredale, 1912 from Brazil (Gastropoda, Trochidae). Veliger 47, 193201.
Absalão, R.S., Miyaji, C. and Pimenta, A.D. (2001) The genus Brookula Iredale, 1912 (Gastropoda, Trochidae) from Brazil: description of a new species, with notes on other South American species. Zoosystema 23, 113.
Absalão, R.S., Caetano, C.H.S. and Pimenta, A.D. (2003) Novas ocorrências de gastrópodes e bivalves marinhos no Brasil (Mollusca). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 20, 323328.
Allen, J.A. (2008) Bivalvia of the deep Atlantic. Malacologia 50, 57173.
Allen, J.A. and Turner, J.F. (1974) Functional morphology of family Verticordiidae (Bivalvia) with descriptions of new species from abyssal Atlantic. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B—Biological Sciences 268, 401536.
Allen, J.A. and Morgan, R.E. (1981) The functional morphology of Atlantic deep-water species of the families Cuspidariidae and Poromyidae (Bivalvia)—an analysis of the evolution of the septibranch condition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B—Biological Sciences 294, 413546.
Aller, R.C. (1974) Prefabrication of shell ornamentation in the bivalve Laternula. Lethaia 7, 4356.
Bernard, F.R. (1974) Septibranchs of the eastern Pacific (Bivalvia Anomalodesmata). Los Angeles: Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California, 279 pp.
Bernard, F.R. (1979) New species of Cuspidaria from the northeastern Pacific (Bivalvia: Anomalodesmata), with a proposed classification of septibranchs. Venus 38, 1424.
Clarke, A.H. (1962) Annotated list and bibliography of the abyssal marine molluscs of the world. Bulletin of the National Museum of Canada 181, 1114.
Coan, E.V., Scott, P.V. and Bernard, F.R. (2000) Bivalve seashells of western North America: marine bivalve mollusks from Arctic Alaska to Baja California. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 764 pp.
Dall, W.H. (1886) Report on the Mollusca. Part 1. Brachiopoda and Pelecypoda. Reports on the results of dredging by the US coast survey steamer ‘Blake’. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 12, 171318.
Dreyer, H., Steiner, G. and Harper, E.M. (2003) Molecular phylogeny of Anomalodesmata (Mollusca: Bivalvia) inferred from 18S rRNA sequences. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139, 229246.
Fischer, P. (1887) Manuel de conchyliologie et de paléontologie conchyliologique, ou histoire naturelle des mollusques vivants et fossils. Paris: Librairie F. Savy, 1369 pp.
Grassé, P. (1960) Traité de zoologie. Tome V. Paris: Masson et Cie Éditeurs, pp. 10532219.
Harper, E.M., Hide, E.A. and Morton, B. (2000) Relationships between the extant Anomalodesmata: a cladistic test. Geological Society of London Special Publications 177, 129143.
Harper, E.M., Dreyer, H. and Steiner, G. (2006) Reconstructing the Anomalodesmata (Mollusca: Bivalvia): morphology and molecules. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148, 395420.
Heilprin, A. (1881) Remarks on the Molluscan Genera Hippagus, Verticordia and Pecchiolia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 33, 423428.
Jeffreys, J.G. (1881) On the Mollusca procured during the Lightning and Porcupine expeditions, 1868–70. Part. IV. Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London, 922952.
Knudsen, J. (1982) Anomalodesmata (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from Saba-Bank, the Caribbean region. Proceedings of The Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie Van Wetenschappen Series C—Biological and Medical Sciences 85, 121146.
Marini, A.C. (1974) O gênero Verticordia Wood, 1844 (Bivalvia, Verticordiidae) na plataforma continental brasileira. Papéis do Departamento de Zoologia de São Paulo 28, 241244.
Mikkelsen, P.M. and Bieler, R. (2008) Seashells of southern Florida: living marine mollusks of the Florida Keys and adjacent regions. Bivalves. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 503 pp.
Morton, B. (1981) The Anomalodesmata. Malacologia 21, 3560.
Morton, B. (1987) Siphon structure and prey capture as a guide to affinities in the abyssal septibranch Anomalodesmata (Bivalvia). Sarsia 72, 4969.
Morton, B. (2003) The functional morphology of Bentholyonsia teramachii (Bivalvia: Lyonsiellidae): clues to the origin of predation in the deep water Anomalodesmata. Journal of Zoology 261, 363380.
Newell, N.D. (1965) Classification of the Bivalvia. American Museum Novitates 2206, 125.
Oliveira, C.D.C. and Absalão, R.S. (2007) Primeiro registro de Mendicula ferruginosa, Kelliella atlantica e Lyonsiella subquadrata (Mollusca, Pelecypoda) para águas brasileiras. Biociências 15, 6367.
Oliveira, C.D.C. and Absalão, R.S. (2008) The genera Limatula and Limea (Mollusca, Pelecypoda, Limidae) from deep waters off Brazil. Zootaxa 1940, 4858.
Oliveira, C.D.C. and Absalão, R.S. (2009) The genera Myonera, Octoporia and Protocuspidaria (Mollusca, Pelecypoda, Cuspidariidae) from deep waters of Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with descriptions of two new species. American Malacological Bulletin 27, 141156.
Philippi, R.A. (1844) Enumeratio Molluscorum Siciliae, cum viventium tum in tellure tertiaria fossilium, quae in itinere suo observavit. Continens addenda et emendenda, nec non comparationem faunae recentis Siciliae cum faunis aliarum terrarum et cum fauna periodi tertiariae. Halle [Halis Saxorum]: Eduard Anton, Volume II, 323 pp.
Pimenta, A.D., Santos, F.N. and Absalão, R.S. (2008) Review of the genera Ividia, Folinella, Oscila, Pseudoscilla, Tryptichus and Peristichia (Gastropoda, Pyramidellidae) from Brazil, with description of four new species. Veliger 50, 171184.
Poutiers, J.M. and Bernard, F.R. (1995) Carnivorous bivalve mollusks (Anomalodesmata) from the tropical western Pacific Ocean, with a proposed classification and a catalogue of Recent species. In Bouchet, P. (ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Paris: Mémoirs du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, pp. 107187.
Prezant, R.S. (1979) Shell spinules of the bivalve Lyonsia hyalina (Bivalvia: Anomalodesmata). Nautilus 93, 9395.
Prezant, R.S. and Smith, B.J. (1998) Subclass Anomalodesmata. In Beesley, P.L., Boss, G.J.B. and Wells, A. (eds) Mollusca: the southern synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Volume 5, Part A. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing, pp. 327429.
Ridewood, W.G. (1903) On the structure of the gills of the Lamellibranchia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B—Biological Sciences 195, 147284.
Rios, E.C. (1994) Seashells of Brazil. Rio Grande: Fundação Universidade do Rio Grande, 492 pp.
Runnegar, B. (1974) Evolutionary history of the bivalve subclass Anomalodesmata. Journal of Paleontology 48, 904939.
Scarabino, F. (2003) Lista sistemática de los Bivalvia marinos y estuarinos vivientes de Uruguay. Comunicaciones de la Sociedad Malacológica del Uruguay 8, 229259.
Seguenza, M. (1860) Du genre Verticordia Searles Wood. Journal de Conchologie Ser. 2, 286295.
Simone, L.R.L. and Cunha, C.M. (2008) Revision of the genus Spinosipella (Bivalvia: Verticordiidae), with descriptions of two new species from Brazil. Nautilus 122, 5778.
Smith, E.A. (1885) Report on the Lamellibranchiata collected by HMS Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Challenger Reports, Zoology 13, 1341.
Soot-Ryen, T. (1966) Revision of the pelecypods of Mikael Sars North Atlantic Deep Sea Expedition 1910, with notes on the family Verticordiidae and other interesting species. Sarsia 24, 131.
Thiele, J. (1935) Handbuch der Systematischen Weichtierkunde. Volume II. Jena: Gustav Fisher Verlag, 355 pp.
Woodward, S.P. (1854) Manual of the Mollusca or a rudimentary treatise of Recent and fossil shells, Volume II. J. Weale: London, 327 pp.
Zelaya, D.G., Absalão, R.S. and Pimenta, A.D. (2006) A revision of Benthobrookula Clarke, 1961 (Gastropoda, Trochoidea) in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Molluscan Studies 72, 7787.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed