Barnett, B. E. & Crisp, D. J. 1979. Laboratory studies of gregarious settlement inBalanus balanoides andElminius modestus in relation to competition between these species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 581–590.
Barnett, B. E.Edwards, S. C. & Crisp, D. J. 1979. A field study of settlement behaviour in Balanus balanoides andElminius modestus (Cirripedia: Crustacea) in relation to competition between them. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 575–580.
Carnahan, B.Luther, H. A. & Wilkes, J. O. 1969. Applied Numerical Methods. 604 pp. New York: Wiley.
Clark, P. J. & Evans, F. C. 1954. Distance to nearest neighbor as a measure of spatial relationships in populations. Ecology, 35, 445–453.
Connell, J. H. 1961. Effects of competition, predation byThais lapillus, and other factors on natural populations of the barnacle Balanus balanoides. Ecological Monographs, 31, 61–103.
Connell, J. H. 1963. Territorial behaviour and dispersion in some marine invertebrates. Researches on Population Ecology, 5, 87–101.
Crisp, D. J. 1955. The behaviour of barnacle cyprids in relation to water movement over a surface. Journal of Experimental Biology, 32, 569–590.
Crisp, D. J. 1961. Territorial behaviour in barnacle settlement. Journal of Experimental Biology, 38, 429–446.
Crisp, D. J. 1976. Settlement responses in marine organisms. In Adaptation to Environment: Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals (ed. Newel, R. C.) pp. 83–124. London: Butterworths.
Crisp, D. J. & Barnes, H. 1954. The orientation and distribution of barnacles at settlement with particular reference to surface contour. Journal of Animal Ecology, 23, 142–162.
Crisp, D. J. & Meadows, P. S. 1962. The chemical basis of gregariousness in cirripedes. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 156, 500–520.
Crisp, D. J. & Meadows, P. S. 1963. Adsorbed layers: the stimulus to settlement in barnacles. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 158, 364–387.
Hui, E. & Moyse, J. 1982. Settlement ofElminius modestus cyprids in contact with adult barnacles in the field. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 62, 477–482.
Knight-Jones, E. W. 1953. Laboratory experiments on gregariousness during settling inBalanus balanoides and other barnacles. Journal of Experimental Biology, 30, 584–598.
Knight-Jones, E. W. & Moyse, J. 1961. Intraspecific competition in sedementary marine invertebrates. Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology, no 15, 72–95.
Larman, V. N. & Gabbott, P. A. 1975. Settlement of cyprid larvae ofBalanus balanoides and Elminius modestus induced by extracts of adult barnacles and other marine animals. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 183–190.
Moyse, J. & Hui, E. 1981. Avoidance byBalanus balanoides cyprids of settlement on conspecific adults. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 61, 449–460.
Sokal, R. R. & Rohlf, F. J. 1981. Biometry, 2nd edition. 859 pp. San Francisco: Freeman.
Steel, R. G. D. & Torrie, J. H. 1960. Principles and Procedures of Statistics with Special Reference to the Biological Sciences. 481 pp. New York: McGraw Hill.
Wolf, P. De. 1973. Ecological observations on the mechanisms of dispersal of barnacle larvae during planktonic life and settling. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 6, 1–129.