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Spatial pattern in barnacle settlement: day to day changes during the settlement season

  • David S. Wethey (a1)

Spatial pattern of settlement of cyprids of the barnacleBalanus balanoides (L.) was examined from photographs taken every low tide during the first 20 days of the settlement season. The locations of pits and cracks and the bases of detached adults were mapped in order to measure specificity of settlement in relation to surface contour and chemical cues associated with conspecifics. Cyprids were identified as to their date of settlement. Distances to nearest neighbours were computed for newly settling cyprids relative to each other, for newly settling cyprids relative to previously settled cyprids, and for newly settling cyprids relative to newly metamorphosed spat.

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P. J. Clark & F. C. Evans 1954. Distance to nearest neighbor as a measure of spatial relationships in populations. Ecology, 35, 445453.

J. H. Connell 1961. Effects of competition, predation byThais lapillus, and other factors on natural populations of the barnacle Balanus balanoides. Ecological Monographs, 31, 61103.

J. H. Connell 1963. Territorial behaviour and dispersion in some marine invertebrates. Researches on Population Ecology, 5, 87101.

D. J. Crisp & H. Barnes 1954. The orientation and distribution of barnacles at settlement with particular reference to surface contour. Journal of Animal Ecology, 23, 142162.

D. J. Crisp & P. S. Meadows 1962. The chemical basis of gregariousness in cirripedes. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 156, 500520.

D. J. Crisp & P. S. Meadows 1963. Adsorbed layers: the stimulus to settlement in barnacles. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 158, 364387.

P. De. Wolf 1973. Ecological observations on the mechanisms of dispersal of barnacle larvae during planktonic life and settling. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 6, 1129.

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Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
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