Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Ultrastructure of cells associated with excavation of calcium carbonate substrates by boring sponges

  • Shirley A. Pomponi (a1)
Extract

Boring sponges excavate calcium carbonate substrates by chemical and mechanical methods. The chemical phase of excavation is accomplished at the cellular level by a localized secretion (possibly an acid or an enzyme) at the cell-substrate interface (Cotte, 1902; Nassonow, 1883, 1924; Warburton, 1958; Rützler & Rieger, 1973; Cobb, 1969, 1971, 1975). Chemical etching detaches a chip of calcium carbonate (about 40–60 µm diameter) which is then mechanically removed from the substrate through the sponge tissue and out through the excurrent canal system. Only 2–3% of the substrate is dissolved by the etching cells (Rützler & Rieger, 1973), while the rest is removed as characteristically shaped chips. Recent studies of the mechanism of sponge boring have denned (using light microscopy) the spatial relationships sponge cells establish with the substrate (Cobb, 1971), identified (using transmission electron microscopy) the cell type (etching cell) responsible for chemical etching (Rützler & Rieger, 1973), and described (using scanning electron microscopy) the architectural nature of substrate destruction by sponges (Cobb, 1969, 1971, 1975; Rützler & Rieger, 1973; Pomponi, 1976, 1977, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Miami).

Copyright
References
Hide All
Borojević, R. & Lévi, C., 1964. Etude au microscope électronique des cellules de l'éponge: Ophlitaspongia seriata (Grant) au cours de la réorganisation apres dissociation. Zeitschrift fur Zellfürschung und mikroskopische Anatomie, 64, 708725.
Boury-Esnault, N., 1977. A cell type in sponges involved in the metabolism of glycogen: the gray cells. Cell and Tissue Research, 175, 523539.
Cobb, W. R., 1969. Penetration of calcium carbonate substrates by the boring sponge, Cliona. American Zoologist, 9, 783790.
Cobb, W. R., 1971. Penetration of Calcium Carbonate Substrata by Cliona celata, a Marine Burrowing Sponge. Ph.D. Thesis, Kingston, R.I., University of Rhode Island.
Cobb, W. R., 1975. Fine structural features of destruction of calcareous substrata by the burrowing sponge Cliona celata. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 94, 197202.
Cotte, J., 1902. Note sur le mode de perforation des Cliones. Compte rendu des séances de la Société de biologie, 54, 636637.
Donadey, C. & Vacelet, J., 1977. Les cellules à inclusions de l'éponge Pleraplysilla spinifera (Schulze) (Démosponges Dendrocératides). Archives de zoologie expérimentale et générale, 118, 273284.
Göthlin, G. & Ericsson, J. L. E., 1971. Fine structural localization of acid phosphomonoesterase in the brush border region of osteoclasts. Histochemie, 28, 337344.
Hancox, N. M., 1972. The osteoclast. In The Biochemistry and Physiology of Bone, vol. 1 (ed. Bourne, G. H.), pp. 4567. New York: Academic Press.
Holtrop, M. E. & King, G. J., 1977. The ultrastructure of the osteoclast and its functional implications. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 123, 177196.
Lucht, U., 1972 a. Absorption of peroxidase by osteoclasts as studied by electron microscope histochemistry. Histochemie, 29, 274286.
Lucht, U., 1972 b. Cytoplasmic vacuoles and bodies of the osteoclast: an electron microscope study. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und mikroskopische Anatomie, 135, 229244.
Lucht, U., 1972 c. Osteoclasts and their relationship to bone as studied by electron microscopy. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und mikroscopische Anatomie, 135, 211228.
Mercer, E. H. & Birbeck, M. S. C., 1966. Electron Microscopy: A Handbook for Biologists. 102 pp. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
Nassonow, N., 1883. Zur Biologie und Anatomie der Clione. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 39, 295308.
Nassonow, N., 1924. Sur l'éponge perforante Clione stationis et le procédé du creusement des galeries dans les valves des huitres. Dokladӯ Akademii nauk SSSR (ser. A), 1924, 113115.
Pang, R. K., 1973. The systematics of some Jamaican excavating sponges (Porifera). Postilla, 161, 175.
Pavans, De Ceccatty M., Thiney, Y. & Garrone, R., 1970. Les bases ultrastructurales des communications intercellulaires dans les oscules de quelques éponges. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, no. 25, 449466.
Pomponi, S. A., 1976. An ultrastructural study of boring sponge cells and excavated substrata. In Proceedings of the 9th Annual SEM Symposium, part VIII (ed. Johari, O.), pp. 569575. Chicago: IIT Research Institute.
Pomponi, S. A., 1977. Etching cells of boring sponges: an ultrastructural analysis. In Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium, vol. 2, Geology (ed. Taylor, D. L.), pp. 485490. Miami.
Pomponi, S. A., 1979. Cytochemical studies of acid phosphatase in etching cells of boring sponges. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 785789.
Reynolds, E. S., 1963. The use of lead citrate at high pH as an electron opaque stain in electron microscopy. Journal of Cell Biology, 17, 208.
Rützler, K., 1971. Bredin-Archbold-Smithsonian Biological Survey of Dominica: burrowing sponges, genus Siphonodictyon Bergquist, from the Caribbean. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, no. 77, 37 pp.
Rützler, K., 1974. The burrowing sponges of Bermuda. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, no. 165, 32 pp.
Rützler, K. & Rieger, G., 1973. Sponge burrowing: fine structure of Cliona lampa penetrating calcareous substrata. Marine Biology, 21, 144162.
Taylor, D. L., 1974. Symbiotic marine algae: taxonomy and biological fitness. In Symbiosis in the Sea (ed. Vernberg, W. B.), pp. 245262. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
Warburton, F. E., 1958. The manner in which the sponge Cliona bores in calcareous objects. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 36, 555562.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed