Beck, S., Kuningas, S., Esteban, R. and Foote, A.D. (2012) The influence of ecology on sociality in the killer whale (Orcinus orca). Behavioral Ecology 23, 246–253.
Brooks, S.P. and Gelman, A. (1998) General methods for monitoring convergence of iterative simulations. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 7, 434–455.
Cañadas, A. and de Stephanis, R. (2006) Killer whale, or Orca Orcinus orca (Strait of Gibraltar subpopulation). In Reeves, R.R. and Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. (eds) The status and distribution of cetaceans in the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Malaga: IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation, pp. 34–38.
Durban, J., Ellifrit, D., Dahlheim, M., Waite, J., Matkin, C., Barrett-Lennard, L., Ellis, G., Pitman, R., LeDuc, R. and Wade, P. (2010) Photographic mark-recapture analysis of clustered mammal-eating killer whales around the Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska. Marine Biology 157, 1591–1604.
Fearnbach, H., Durban, J.W., Parsons, K.M. and Claridge, D. (2012) Photographic mark-recapture analysis of local dynamics within an open population of dolphins. Ecological Applications 22, 1689–1700.
Foote, A.D., Newton, J., Piertney, S.B., Willerslev, E. and Gilbert, M.T.P. (2009) Ecological, morphological and genetic divergence of sympatric North Atlantic killer whale populations. Molecular Ecology 18, 5207–5217.
Foote, A.D., Similä, T., Víkingsson, G.A. and Stevick, P.T. (2010) Movement, site fidelity and connectivity in a top marine predator, the killer whale. Evolutionary Ecology 24, 803–814.
Foote, A.D., Vilstrup, J.T., Stephanis, R. de, Verborgh, P., Abel Nielsen, S.C., Deaville, R., Kleivane, L., Martin, V., Miller, P.J.O., Øien, N., Perez-Gil, M., Rasmussen, M., Reid, R.J., Robertson, K.M., Rogan, E., Similä, T., Tejedor, M.L., Vester, H., Vikingsson, G.A., Willerslev, E., Gilbert, M.T.P. and Piertney, S.B. (2011) Genetic differentiation among North Atlantic killer whale Q4 populations. Molecular Ecology 20, 629–641.
Ford, J.K.B. and Ellis, G.M. (1999). Transients: mammal-hunting killer whales of British Columbia, Washington, and southeastern Alaska. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.
Ford, J.K.B., Ellis, G.M. and Balcomb, K.C. (2000). Killer whales, the natural history and genealogy of Orcinus orca in British Columbia and Washington. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.
Ford, J.K.B., Ellis, G.M., Olesiuk, P.F. and Balcomb, K.C. (2010) Linking killer whale survival and prey abundance: food limitation in the ocean's apex predator? Biology Letters 6, 139–142.
Gelman, A., Meng, X. and Stern, H. (1996) Posterior predictive assessment of model fitness via realized discrepancies. Statistica Sinica 6, 733–759.
Ginsberg, J.R. and Young, T.P. (1992) Measuring association between individuals or groups in behavioural studies. Animal Behaviour 44, 377–379.
Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) (2007) Second Report by the UK under Article 17 on the implementation of the Habitats Directive from January 2001 to December 2006. Peterborough: JNCC. Available at: www.jncc.gov.uk/article17 (accessed 30 July 2013).
Kuningas, S., Similä, T. and Hammond, P.S. (2013) Population size, survival and reproductive rates of northern Norwegian killer whales (Orcinus orca) in 1986–2003. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 93.
Law, R.J., Allchin, C.R., Jones, B.R., Jepson, P.D., Baker, J.R. and Spurrier, C.J.H. (1997) Metals and organochlorines in tissues of a Blainville's beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris) and a killer whale (Orcinus orca) stranded in the UK. Marine Pollution Bulletin 34, 208–212.
Lunn, D.J., Thomas, A., Best, N. and Spiegelhalter, D. (2000) WinBUGS–a Bayesian modelling framework: concepts, structure and extensibility. Statistics and Computing 10, 325–337.
Luque, P.L., Davis, C.G., Reid, D.G., Wang, J. and Pierce, G.J. (2006) Opportunistic sightings of killer whales from Scottish pelagic trawlers fishing for mackerel and herring off North Scotland (UK) between 2000 and 2006. Aquatic Living Resources 19, 403–410.
Matkin, C.O., Durban, J., Saulitis, E.L., Andrews, R.D., Straley, J.M., Matkin, D.R. and Ellis, G.M. (2012) Contrasting abundance and residency patterns of two sympatric populations of transient killer whales in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Fishery Bulletin (US) 110, 143–155.
Matkin, C.O., Saulitis, E.L., Ellis, G.M., Olesiuk, P. and Rice, S.D. (2008) Ongoing population-level impacts on killer whales Orcinus orca following the ‘Exxon Valdez’ oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Marine Ecology Progress Series 356, 269–281.
McHugh, B., Law, R.J., Allchin, C.R., Rogan, E., Murphy, S., Foley, M.B., Glynn, D. and McGovern, E. (2007) Bioaccumulation and enantiomeric profiling of organochlorine pesticides and persistent organic pollutants in the killer whale (Orcinus orca) from British and Irish waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54, 1724–1731.
Øien, N. (1988) The distribution of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the North Atlantic based on Norwegian catches, 1938–1981, and incidental sightings, 1967–1987. Rit Fiskideildar 11, 65–78.
Olesiuk, P.F., Bigg, M.A. and Ellis, G.M. (1990) Life history and population dynamics of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the coastal waters of British Columbia and Washington State. Reports of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 12, 209–243.
Poncelet, É., Barbraud, C. and Guinet, C. (2010) Population dynamics of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the Crozet Archipelago, southern Indian Ocean: a mark-recapture study from 1977 to 2002. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 11, 41–48.
Royle, J.A. and Dorazio, R.M. (2008) Hierarchical modeling and inference in ecology: the analysis of data from populations, metapopulations and communities. New York: Academic Press.
Seber, G.A.F. (1982) The estimation of animal abundance and related parameters, 2nd editionLondon: Charles Griffin & Company.
Sigurjónsson, J. and Leatherwood, S. (1988) The Icelandic live-capture fishery for killer whales, 1976–1988. Rit Fiskideildar 11, 307–316.
Similä, T. and Lindblom, L. (1993) Persistence of natural markings on photographically identified killer whales (Orcinus orca). International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. (CM papaers and Reports), 1993/N: 11.
Taylor, B.L. (1997) Defining ‘population’ to meet management objectives for marine mammals. In Dizon, A.E., Chivers, S.J. and Perrin, W.F. (eds) Molecular genetics of marine mammals. Special Publication 3. Lawrence, KS: Allen Press, pp. 347–364.
Wade, P.R., Reeves, R.R. and Mesnick, S.L. (2012) Social and behavioural factors in cetacean responses to overexploitation: are Odontocetes less ‘resilient’ than Mysticetes? Journal of Marine Biology. doi:10.1155/2012/567276.
Whitehead, H. (2009) SOCPROG programs: analyzing animal social structures. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63, 765–778.
Wolkers, H., Corkeron, P.J., van Parijs, S., Similä, T. and van Bavel, B. (2007) Accumulation and transfer of contaminants in killer whales (Orcinus orca) from Norway: indications for contaminant metabolism. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26, 1582–1590.