Crustacean decapod assemblages were surveyed in Zostera marina beds adjacent to tidal flats (ET) and rocky shore (ER), and in unvegetated habitats (UV). Decapod samples were collected monthly throughout 2002 using a small beam trawl from northern Jinhae Bay, Korea. Water temperature, salinity, eelgrass biomass, sediment composition and organic matter were also monitored to assess any correlation between environmental variables and decapod fauna. A total of 31 decapod species belonging to five taxa (three prawns, 13 caridean shrimps, one hermit crab, one mud shrimp and 13 crabs) were collected at three different habitats. To assess variations in decapod assemblages in relation to habitat type and season, various multivariate analyses were used. The dominant caridean shrimps were Palaemon macrodactylus, Alpheus digitalis and Crangon uritai, and the dominant crabs were Charybdis japonica, Hemigrapsus penicillatus and Charybdis bimaculata. The number, abundance and diversity of decapod species varied greatly with habitat type and season, peaking in eelgrass beds and during spring, and showing the lowest catch rate in unvegetated habitat and during winter months. The nMDS ordination and multivariate analyses revealed that habitat type and season were determinant factors affecting the structure of decapod assemblages. Seasonal shifts in the abundance of decapods corresponded with changes in eelgrass biomass and loss on ignition (LOI), but not with water temperature or salinity.