Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Mongol Empire – the first ‘gunpowder empire’?

  • STEPHEN G. HAW (a1)

This article uses Chinese sources to argue that a range of gunpowder weapons was already in use in China during the late tenth and early eleventh centuries, earlier than previously thought. ‘True firearms’, that is cannon or guns firing solid projectiles, had quite probably been developed by at least as early as 1200 ce.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

K. Chase Firearms: a Global History to 1700 (Cambridge, 2003).

S. G. Haw Cathayan Arrows and Meteors: the Origins of Chinese Rocketry”, Journal of Chinese Military History 2 (2013), pp. 2842.

P. Pelliot Une bibliothèque médiévale retrouvée au Kan-sou”, Bulletin de l'Ecole Française d'Extrême Orient, 8 (1908): pp. 501529.

G. Schlegel On the invention and use of fire-arms and gunpowder in China, prior to the arrival of Europeans”, T'oung Pao, series II, 3 (1902), pp. 56

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • ISSN: 1356-1863
  • EISSN: 1474-0591
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-royal-asiatic-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 24
Total number of PDF views: 79 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 416 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 27th July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.