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Two Armenian manuscripts in the Library of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. First Manuscript*

  • VREJ NERSESSIAN (a1)
Abstract

Armenian Manuscipt of the Pauline Letters with Euthalian material and the Apocraphal Letter of the Corinthians to St Paul and the 3rd Letter of Paul to the Corinthians, Akner (Cilicia) dated 1246.

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In 2012 the British Library published the author's: A Catalogue of the Armenian Manuscripts in the British Library acquired since the year 1913 and of collections in other libraries in the United Kingdom, 2 vols. Thirteen collections were included in the catalogue but unfortunately the two manuscripts of the Royal Asiatic Society were not detected. I am grateful to the editorial board of the Royal Asiatic society Journal for accepting the descriptions of these two manuscripts for publication’.

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1 R.A.S. Register of Donations April 1823 to March 1831. In the Society's archives there is a description in French of the manuscript on ruled paper entitled ‘Notice sur le manuscript armenien de la R. Societe Asiat. de Londres partant le no.443’ signed S. B. Londres 22 Oct. 1873. The initials S. B. placed in a circle belong to Rev. Sukias Baronian(1831-1910), who had catalogued the Armenian manuscript in the British Museum, the Bodleian Library and John Ryland's Manchester. For his biography See Nersessian Vrej, A catalogue of the Armenian manuscripts in the British Library acquired since the year 1913 and of collections in other libraries in the United Kingdom (London, 2012), I, pp. 15 .

2 Sanjian A. K., Colophons of Armenian manuscripts, 1301-1480. A source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass., 1969), pp. 89 .

3 «Եկեղեաց գաւառ» is located in Great Armenia (Greek: Archilisene; Latin:Acilisinae) now corresponding to the region of Erzincan in E. Anatolia. See Հայաստանի եվ հարակից շրջանների տեղանունների բառարան, (ed.) Hakobyan T. Kh. and others (Erevan, 1988), ii, pp. 177178 .

4 «Աւագ վանք» (variant «Աւաք») Monastery in the canton of Ekegheats or Daranagheats, also called ‘St Apostles’ Monastery’ or ‘Monastery of St T'adeos the Apostle’ See Հայաստանի, ibid., I, pp. 354-355.

5 Boase T. S. R., (ed.), The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia (Edinburgh and London, 1978), pp.133 ; and ‘Gazetteer’, pp. 145-185; ‘Rulers of Cilician Armenia’, p.186.

6 Mat'evosyan A. S., Հայերեն ձեռագրերի հիշատակարաններ ԺԳ դար (Erevan, 1984), no. 193, pp. 238239 .

7 «Սաղմոսավանք» Monastery in the canton of Aragadsotn in yArarat province. Founded in 1215 by Vatche ‘Prince of Princes’ the founder of the Vatchaturian Princely dynasty. Large number of manuscripts have survived copied in the scriptorium of the Monastery, the most famous being the Lectionary of 1185-88 by the scribes Markos and Mkhit'ar. See Հայաստանի, ibid., iv, pp. 482-483.

8 Ormanian M., Ազգապատում (Beirut, 1961), III, Bk,1, pp. 33773626 ; Eritsian A. G., Ամենայն Հայոց կաթողիկոսութիւնը եւ Կովկասի Հայք XIX դարում:Մասն Ա (1800-1832 թ)(Tiflis, 1894), pp. 47653 .

9 Conybeare F. C., ‘On the codex Pamphili and date of Euthalius’, and ‘The date of Euthalius’ in The Armenian Church: Heritage and Identity, (ed.) Rev. Nersessian Nerses Vrej, (New York, 2001), pp. 502513 and 569- 578 ‘; The Euthalian material’ in The Cambridge History of the Bible. From the beginnings to Jerome, (eds.) Ackroyd P. R. and Evans C. F. (Cambridge, 1970), pp.362363 ; Parker D. C., Codex Sinaiticus. The story of the World's Oldest Bible (the British Library, 2010), pp. 8185 .

10 Conybeare F. C., A Catalogue of the Armenian manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1913), MS.no. Add.19,730, pp. 911 ; Vrej Nerses Nersessian, A Catalogue of the Armenian manuscripts in the British Library acquired since the year 1913,ibid., Ms.Or.8833, Or.14101, pp. 59-87.For more examples see Adjemian Chahe, Grand catalogue des manuscrits Armeniens de la Bible (Lisbon, 1992). Among the scores of references the earliest evidence is dated 1263-1266.

11 F. C. Conybeare, ‘On the Codex Pamphili and date of Euthalius’,The Armenian Church, Ibid., p. 503.

12 Vardanian H. A., Մատենագրութիւնք Եւթաղի.Քննութիւն եւ բնագիր (Vienna, 1930).

13 F. C. Conybeare, ’ On the Codex Pamphili and date of Euthalius’, Ibid, p. 513.

14 Chahe Adjemian, «Եւթաղեան կազմածը» in Grand catalogue, Ibid., pp. lxxxi-lxxxv; Willard Louis Charles, A critical study of the Euthalian Apparatus, Dissertation, (Yale, 1970).

15 Akinian H. N. «Սուրբ գրքի հայերէն թարգմանութիւնը» Յուշարձան Աստուածաշունչի հայերէն թարգմանութեան հազարհինգհարիւրամեակի (Jerusalem, 1938), pp. 397410 ; Anasian Y. S.,Աստուածա շունչ մատեանի Հայկական բնագիրը (Մատենագիտութիւն) = Bibliae Sacrae versio Armena (Bibliographia) (Erevan, 1976); Nersessian Vrej, The Bible in the Armenian Tradition (London, 2001); Maksoudian Krikor, The origins of the Armenian alphabet and literature (New York, 2006).

16 F. C. Conybeare, ‘The authorship of the last verses of Mark’ and ‘On the last twelve verses of St Mark's Gospel’, The Armenian Church, Ibid., pp. 163-171 and pp. 172-183; J. E. Snapp. The origin of Mark 16:9-20 (Tipton, Indiana, 2007), pp. 71-75, Appendix C ’ Armenian MS Ejmiadzin 229 (from ad 989), p.129.; Vrej Nersessian, The Bible in the Armenian Tradition, cf. British Library MS.Add.21,932,fl.118v-119r. pp. 9-10.

17 «Յայտնութիւն Յովհաննու» in Chahe Adjemian, Grand catalogue, Ibid., pp. lxxxv-lxxxvi. For a critical text of the Armenian version see Freterik Murad', Յայտնութիւն Յովհաննու Հին հայ թարգմանութիւն (Jerusalem, 1905-1911).

18 Vrej Nersessian, The Bible in the Armenian Tradition, Ibid. ,’Appendix 2 & 3 ’Recensions of the Armenian Bible’, pp. 82-88.

19 ‘Corinthians, Third Epistle to the’ in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (ed.) Cross F. L. and Livingstone E. A., 3rd edition, (Oxford, 2003), pp. 431432 .

20 Աստուածաշունչ Մատեան Հին եւ Նոր Կտակարանաց. . .յաշխատասիրութենէ Տեառն Հայր Յովհաննու Զոհրապեան (Venice,1805);Գիրք Աստուածաշունչք Հին եւ Նոր Կտակարանց ըստ միաբան վաղեմի գրչագրաց մերոց եւ Յոյն բնագրաց [Arsen Bagratuni's edition], (Venice, 1860); Cf. Vrej Nerses Nersessian, A catalogue of Armenian Manuscripts in the British Library, Ibid., Lectionaries, SOAS Ms.41463 (Crimea 1472), British Library Ms.Or.15291(Crimea 1631-32), ii, pp. 604-635.

21 Vrej Nersessian, The Bible in the Armenian Tradition, Ibid., p.29.

22 Augustin Szekula, Die Reihenfolge der Bucher des Neuen Testamentes bei den Armeniern (Vienna, 1949), pp. 31-35. Klien A. F. J., ‘The Apocryphal correspondence between Paul and the CorinthiansVigiliae Christianae xvii (1963), pp. 223 .

23 Daniel E. L. , ‘Golestan Treaty (Treaty of Golestan)’,in Encyclopaedia Iranica, (ed.) Yarshater Ehsan (London, 2003), xi, pp. 86–70; Vrej Nersessian, ‘The Encyclical from Ep'rem Catholicos of Armenia to Sir Gore Ouseley,3 August 1813(British Library Ms.OR.15,957) and Sir Ouseley's visit to Ejmiadsin and an important literary observation’, Haikazian Hayagitakan Handes=Haigazian Armenological Review (2007), pp. 343-360.

24 Kambiz Eslami, ‘D'Arcy, Joseph’, Encyclopaedia Iranica, Ibid., I,p.23; Alan H. Barrett, ‘A memoir of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph D'Arcy,R.A,1780-1848’,Iran Journal of the British Institute of Persian studies, vol. .xliii, (2005), pp.241-274; Ruck Berta (Onions Amy Roberto), Ancestral Voices (London, 1972).

25 V. Nersessian, A catalogue of Armenian manuscripts in the British Library, Ibid, ii, pp. 863-874; Vrej Nersessian ,’Encyclical of Catholicos Ep'rem addressed to Sir Robert Ker Porter dated 15th April 1820, in reply to a letter received by the Catholicos on 20th January 1820 and received in Constantinople on 22nd March 1820’, see: Sotheby's Catalogue, Tuesday 26th November 1985, Lot.no.169.

26 A. D. Eretseants, Ամենայն Հայոց Կաթողիկոսութիւնը, Ibid., i, pp. 289-196.

27 Nersessian Vrej, ‘The Encyclical from Ep'rem,Catholicos of Armenia to Sir Gore Ouseley,3 August 1813 (MS.Or.15,957)Haykazean Hayagitakan Handes (Beirut, 2007), pp. 343360 ; J.Reynolds, Biographical notices of Persian poets: with critical and explanatory remarks by the late Right Honourable Sir Gore Ouseley to which is prefixed a Memoir of the late R .Hon. Sir Gore Ouseley (London, 1846), pp. ccxii-cxiii.

28 Bodleian Library, Oxford. Gore Ouseley's Diary.Dep.b250- G.O.; A. H. Barrett, ‘A memoir of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph D'Arcy.R.A.1780-1848, Ibid., p. 251.

29 A. H. Barrett, ‘A memoir of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph D'Arcy R.A. 1780-1848, Ibid., p. 251; Wright D., Britain and Iran 1790-1980.Collected essays of Sir Denis Wright (London, 2003), p. 89 .

30 Nersessian S. Der, The Chester Beatty Library. A catalogue of the Armenian manuscripts (Dublin, 1958), pp. 102103 .

31 Ouseley. Sir W., Travels in various countries of the East,more particularly Persia (London, 1819-1823), iii,p.447 ; Morier J., A second journey through Persia, Armenia and Asia Minor to Constantinople,between the years 1810 and 1816 (London, 1818), p. 323324 .

32 Sykes Sir Percy, A history of Persia (London, 1930),3rd edition, pp. 309310 ; Palasanian S., Պատմութիւն Հայոց սկզբից մինչեւ մեր օրերը (Tiflis, 1902), pp.490496 ; Suny R. G., ‘Eastern Armenians under Tsarist rule’, in The Armenian People,from Ancient to Modern Times, (ed.) Hovannesian R. G. (New York, 1997), pp. 109115 .

33 A. H. Barrett, ‘A memoir of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph D'Arcy’ , Ibid., p.263; Wright D., The English amongst the Persians. Imperial lives in nineteenth-century Iran (London, 2001), p.51 .

34 Wright D., Britain and Iran, 1790-1980.Collected essays of Sir Denis Wright (London, 2003), p.125 .

35 Ruck Berta [great-granddaughter of J. D'Arcy pseudo. Onions Lucy Hyde], Ancestral Voices (London, 1972), pp.17 and 106; A. H. Barrett, ‘A memoir of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph D'Arcy’, Ibid., pp.256-257.

* In 2012 the British Library published the author's: A Catalogue of the Armenian Manuscripts in the British Library acquired since the year 1913 and of collections in other libraries in the United Kingdom, 2 vols. Thirteen collections were included in the catalogue but unfortunately the two manuscripts of the Royal Asiatic Society were not detected. I am grateful to the editorial board of the Royal Asiatic society Journal for accepting the descriptions of these two manuscripts for publication’.

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Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • ISSN: 1356-1863
  • EISSN: 1474-0591
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