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Effect of ingestion by Drepanoptila holosericea (Columbidae) on the seed germination of Santalum austrocaledonicum (Santalaceae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 2008

Jacques Tassin*
Affiliation:
CIRAD, UR 37, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Nicolas Barré
Affiliation:
IAC, CIRAD, UR22, BP 73, 98890 Païta, New Caledonia
Jean-Marc Bouvet
Affiliation:
CIRAD, UR 39, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
*
1Corresponding author. Email: jacques.tassin@cirad.fr

Extract

Santalum austrocaledonicum Vieill. (Santalaceae) is a small tree endemic to New Caledonia and Vanuatu, well-known for the highly priced aromatic oil of its heartwood (Nasi & Ehrhart 1996). In New Caledonia, sandalwood grows on Loyalty Islands, the Isle of Pines and Grande-Terre (Bottin et al. 2006). The tree produces single-seeded fleshy drupes, which turn dark-red at maturity. Sandalwood seeds are dormant because of their hard coat and germinate only on physical scarification, or after removing the coat (Chauvin & Ehrhart 1998). In natural habitats, such seeds need further processing to relieve dormancy and promote germination, within a period where there is a good chance of successful seedling establishment (Murdoch & Ellis 2000).

Type
Short Communication
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008

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Effect of ingestion by Drepanoptila holosericea (Columbidae) on the seed germination of Santalum austrocaledonicum (Santalaceae)
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Effect of ingestion by Drepanoptila holosericea (Columbidae) on the seed germination of Santalum austrocaledonicum (Santalaceae)
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Effect of ingestion by Drepanoptila holosericea (Columbidae) on the seed germination of Santalum austrocaledonicum (Santalaceae)
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