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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Leimberger, Kara G. and Lewis, Rebecca J. 2015. Patterns of male dispersal in Verreaux's sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) at Kirindy Mitea National Park. American Journal of Primatology, p. n/a.


    Springer, Andrea Razafimanantsoa, Léonard Fichtel, Claudia and Kappeler, Peter M. 2015. COMPARISON OF THREE SHORT-TERM IMMOBILIZATION REGIMES IN WILD VERREAUX'S SIFAKAS (PROPITHECUS VERREAUXI): KETAMINE–XYLAZINE, KETAMINE–XYLAZINE–ATROPINE, AND TILETAMINE–ZOLAZEPAM. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 482.


    Volampeno, M. Sylviane N. Randriatahina, Guy and Downs, Colleen T. 2013. Structure and Composition of Ankarafa Forest, Sahamalaza-Iles Radama National Park, Madagascar: Implications for the Frugivorous Endemic Blue-Eyed Black Lemur (Eulemur flavifrons). South African Journal of Wildlife Research, Vol. 43, Issue. 2, p. 91.


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Fragment quality and distribution of the arboreal primate Propithecus verreauxi in the spiny forest of south Madagascar

  • Ivan Norscia (a1) and Elisabetta Palagi (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467410000519
  • Published online: 17 December 2010
Abstract

The increasing proportion of the landscape used by humans has led, and is still leading, to the conversion of the original habitat into numerous small patches, often separated by a matrix of inhospitable land-uses. This habitat fragmentation is a major threat to biological diversity and is considered to be the primary cause of the present species extinction crisis (Aurambout et al. 2005). Survival in fragments is related to both intrinsic factors, such as abundance and sex ratio, and extrinsic factors related to patch quality (Ramanamanjato & Ganzhorn 2001, Rovero & Struhsaker 2007). At first, the fragmentation process can randomly distribute animals among forest patches and across fragmented habitat and surrounding matrix (Marsh 2003, Tischendorf et al. 2005). Local populations can survive only if the colonized forest remnants are adequate and/or dispersal is possible (Marsh 2003). Subsequently, a non-random distribution can result from local populations either remaining connected but distinct (metapopulation) or merging into a single large but patchy population (Harrison & Taylor 1997). Such distribution can be dictated by different aspects of fragment quality, including size and vegetation variables (e.g. tree species diversity, large-tree abundance and food plant availability) (Ramanamanjato & Ganzhorn 2001, Rovero & Struhsaker 2007). The mutual relationship among variables and their linkage to animal abundance have proven difficult to disentangle and mammals largely diverge in their response to different fragment quality aspects (Irwin 2008, Ramanamanjato & Ganzhorn 2001, Rovero & Struhsaker 2007).

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*Corresponding author. Email: norscia@hotmail.com
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S. HARRISON & A. D. TAYLOR 1997. Empirical evidence in metapopulation dynamics. Pp. 2742 in I. A. Hanski & M. E. Gilpin (eds.). Metapopulation biology: ecology, genetics and evolution. Academic Press, San Diego.

M. T. IRWIN 2008. Diademed sifaka (Propithecus diadema) ranging and habitat use in continuous and fragmented forest: higher density but lower viability in fragments? Biotropica 40:231240.

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L. K. MARSH 2003. The nature of fragmentation. Pp. 110 in L. K. Marsh (ed.). Primates in fragments: ecology and conservation. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.

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I. NORSCIA 2008. Pilot survey of avahi population (woolly lemurs) in littoral forest fragments of southeast Madagascar. Primates 49:8588.

I. NORSCIA & E. PALAGI 2008. Berenty 2006: census of Propithecus verreauxi and possible evidence of population stress. International Journal of Primatology 29:10991115.

I. NORSCIA , V. CARRAI & S. M. BORGOGNINI-TARLI 2006. Influence of dry season and food quality and quantity on behavior and feeding strategy of Propithecus verreauxi in Kirindy, Madagascar. International Journal of Primatology 27:10011022.

J. B. RAMANAMANJATO & J. U. GANZHORN 2001. Effects of forest fragmentation, introduced Rattus rattus and the role of exotic tree plantations and secondary vegetation for the conservation of an endemic rodent and a small lemur in littoral forests of southern Madagascar. Animal Conservation 4:175183.

F. ROVERO & T. T. STRUHSAKER 2007. Vegetative predictors of primate abundance: utility and limitations of a fine-scale analysis. American Journal of Primatology 69:12421256.

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