AIBA, M. & NAKASHIZUKA, T. 2005. Sapling structure and regeneration strategy in 18 Shorea species co-occurring in a tropical rainforest. Annals of Botany 96:313–321.
ALEXANDER, I., AHMAD, N. & LEE, S. S. 1992. The role of mycorrhizas in the regeneration of some Malaysian forest trees. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 335:379–388.
APPANAH, S. & MOHD. RASOL, A. M. 1990. Smaller trees can fruit in logged dipterocarp forests. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 3:80–87.
APPANAH, S. & MOHD. RASOL, A. M. 1994. Fruiting and seedling survival of dipterocarps in a logged forest. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 6:215–222.
ASHTON, P. S., GIVNISH, T. J. & APPANAH, S. 1988. Staggered flowering in the Dipterocarpaceae – new insights into floral induction and the evolution of mast fruiting in the aseasonal tropics. American Naturalist 132:44–66.
BROOKS, S. P. & GELMAN, A. 1998. Alternative methods for monitoring convergence of iterative simulations. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 7:434–455.
BURGESS, P. F. 1975. Silviculture in the hill forests of the Malay Peninsula. Research Pamphlet 66. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 125 pp.
DELISSIO, L. J. & PRIMACK, R. B. 2003. The impact of drought on the population dynamics of canopy-tree seedlings in an aseasonal Malaysian rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19:489–500.
ISHIDA, M. 2004. Automatic thresholding for digital hemispherical photography. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34:2208–2216.
MARUYAMA, Y., TOMA, T., ISHIDA, A., MATSUMOTO, Y., MORIKAWA, Y., ANG, L. H., YAP, S. K. & IWASA, M. 1997. Photosynthesis and water use efficiency of 19 tropical tree species. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 9:434–438.
NIIYAMA, K., ABDUL RAHMAN, K., KIMURA, K., TANGE, T., IIDA, S., QUAH, E., CHAN, Y. & APPANAH, S. 1999. Design and methods for the study on tree demography in a hill dipterocarp forest at Semangkok Forest Reserve, Peninsula Malaysia. Research Pamphlet 123. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 68 pp.
PUTZ, F. E. 1978. A survey of virgin jungle reserves in Peninsular Malaysia. Forestry Department Peninsula Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 87 pp.
SAIFUDDIN, S., ABDUL RAHIM, N. & MUHANMAD FARID, A. R. 1991. Watershed research in forest plantation: I. Establishment and physical characteristics of Bukit Tarek watershed. Research Pamphlet 110. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 51 pp.
SYMINGTON, C. F. 2004. Red Meranti group of Shorea. Pp. 175–243 in Barlow, H. S. (ed.). Malayan Forest Records 16, Foresters’ manual of dipterocarps. (Second edition, revised by Ashton. P. S. & Appanah, S.). 519 pp.
THOMAS, A., HARA, B. O., LIGGES, U. & STURTZ, S. 2006. Making BUGS Open. R News 6:12–17.
TURNER, I. M. 1990. The seedling survivorship and growth of three Shorea species in a Malaysian tropical rain-forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 6:469–478.
TURNER, I. M. & NEWTON, A. C. 1990. The initial responses of some tropical rain-forest tree seedlings to a large gap environment. Journal of Applied Ecology 27:605–608.
TURNER, I. M., BROWN, N. D. & NEWTON, A. C. 1993. The effect of fertilizer application on dipterocarp seedling growth and mycorrhizal infection. Forest Ecology and Management 57:329–337.
WHITMORE, T. C. 1984. Tropical rain forests of the Far East. (Second edition). Oxford University Press, Oxford. 352 pp.