Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 50
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Arias, Mauricio E. Wittmann, Florian Parolin, Pia Murray-Hudson, Michael and Cochrane, Thomas A. 2016. Interactions between flooding and upland disturbance drives species diversity in large river floodplains. Hydrobiologia,

    Fisher, Joshua B. Sweeney, Sean Brzostek, Edward R. Evans, Tom P. Johnson, Daniel J. Myers, Jonathan A. Bourg, Norman A. Wolf, Amy T. Howe, Robert W. and Phillips, Richard P. 2016. Tree-mycorrhizal associations detected remotely from canopy spectral properties. Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue. 7, p. 2596.

    Moreno-Fernández, Daniel Hernández, Laura Sánchez-González, Mariola Cañellas, Isabel and Montes, Fernando 2016. Space–time modeling of changes in the abundance and distribution of tree species. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 372, p. 206.

    Assis, Rafael L. Haugaasen, Torbjørn Schöngart, Jochen Montero, Juan C. Piedade, Maria T.F. Wittmann, Florian and Woods, Kerry 2015. Patterns of tree diversity and composition in Amazonian floodplain paleo-várzea forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 26, Issue. 2, p. 312.

    Assis, Rafael L. Wittmann, Florian Piedade, Maria T. F. and Haugaasen, Torbjørn 2015. Effects of hydroperiod and substrate properties on tree alpha diversity and composition in Amazonian floodplain forests. Plant Ecology, Vol. 216, Issue. 1, p. 41.

    Ferreira-Ferreira, Jefferson Silva, Thiago Sanna Freire Streher, Annia Susin Affonso, Adriana Gomes de Almeida Furtado, Luiz Felipe Forsberg, Bruce Rider Valsecchi, João Queiroz, Helder Lima and de Moraes Novo, Evlyn Márcia Leão 2015. Combining ALOS/PALSAR derived vegetation structure and inundation patterns to characterize major vegetation types in the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve, Central Amazon floodplain, Brazil. Wetlands Ecology and Management, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 41.

    Galeano, A. Urrego, L.E. Sánchez, M. and Peñuela, M.C. 2015. Environmental drivers for regeneration of Mauritia flexuosa L.f. in Colombian Amazonian swamp forest. Aquatic Botany, Vol. 123, p. 47.

    Kurzatkowski, Dariusz Leuschner, Christoph and Homeier, Jürgen 2015. Effects of flooding on trees in the semi-deciduous transition forests of the Araguaia floodplain, Brazil. Acta Oecologica, Vol. 69, p. 21.

    Luize, Bruno G. Silva, Thiago S. F. Wittmann, Florian Assis, Rafael L. and Venticinque, Eduardo M. 2015. Effects of the Flooding Gradient on Tree Community Diversity inVárzeaForests of the Purus River, Central Amazon, Brazil. Biotropica, Vol. 47, Issue. 2, p. 137.

    Magalhães, José Leonardo Lima Lopes, Maria Aparecida and Queiroz, Helder Lima de 2015. Development of a Flooded Forest Anthropization Index (FFAI) applied to Amazonian areas under pressure from different human activities. Ecological Indicators, Vol. 48, p. 440.

    Pinel, Sebastien Bonnet, Marie-Paule Santos Da Silva, Joecila Moreira, Daniel Calmant, Stephane Satgé, Fredéric and Seyler, Fredérique 2015. Correction of Interferometric and Vegetation Biases in the SRTMGL1 Spaceborne DEM with Hydrological Conditioning towards Improved Hydrodynamics Modeling in the Amazon Basin. Remote Sensing, Vol. 7, Issue. 12, p. 16108.

    Silva, Thiago Melack, John Streher, Annia Ferreira-Ferreira, Jefferson and de Almeida, Luiz 2015. Remote Sensing of Wetlands.

    Betbeder, Julie Gond, Valery Frappart, Frederic Baghdadi, Nicolas N. Briant, Gael and Bartholome, Etienne 2014. Mapping of Central Africa Forested Wetlands Using Remote Sensing. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Vol. 7, Issue. 2, p. 531.

    Maracahipes, Leandro Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes Lenza, Eddie Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur de Oliveira, Edmar Almeida Mews, Henrique Augusto Gomes, Letícia and Feldpausch, Ted R. 2014. Post-fire dynamics of woody vegetation in seasonally flooded forests (impucas) in the Cerrado-Amazonian Forest transition zone. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, Vol. 209, Issue. 5-6, p. 260.

    Michaud, Jean-Simon Coops, Nicholas C. Andrew, Margaret E. Wulder, Michael A. Brown, Glen S. and Rickbeil, Gregory J.M. 2014. Estimating moose (Alces alces) occurrence and abundance from remotely derived environmental indicators. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 152, p. 190.

    Montero, Juan Carlos Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez and Wittmann, Florian 2014. Floristic variation across 600 km of inundation forests (Igapó) along the Negro River, Central Amazonia. Hydrobiologia, Vol. 729, Issue. 1, p. 229.

    Lucas, Christine M. Bruna, Emilio M. and Nascimento, Cristiane M. N. 2013. Seedling co-tolerance of multiple stressors in a disturbed tropical floodplain forest. Ecosphere, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. art3.

    Montero, Juan Carlos and Latrubesse, Edgardo M. 2013. The igapó of the Negro River in central Amazonia: Linking late-successional inundation forest with fluvial geomorphology. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol. 46, p. 137.

    Wittmann, Florian Householder, Ethan Piedade, Maria T. F. de Assis, Rafael L. Schöngart, Jochen Parolin, Pia and Junk, Wolfgang J. 2013. Habitat specifity, endemism and the neotropical distribution of Amazonian white-water floodplain trees. Ecography, Vol. 36, Issue. 6, p. 690.

    Albernaz, Ana Luisa Pressey, Robert L. Costa, Luiz R.F. Moreira, Marcelo P. Ramos, José Ferreira Assunção, Paulo A. and Franciscon, Carlos H. 2012. Tree species compositional change and conservation implications in the white-water flooded forests of the Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 39, Issue. 5, p. 869.


Tree species distribution and community structure of central Amazonian várzea forests by remote-sensing techniques

  • Florian Wittmann (a1), Dieter Anhuf (a2) and Wolfgang J. Funk (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 September 2002

In central Amazonian white-water floodplains (várzea), different forest types become established in relation to the flood-level gradient. The formations are characterized by typical patterns of species composition, and their architecture results in different light reflectance patterns, which can be detected by Landsat TM image data. Ground checking comprised a detailed forest inventory of 4 ha, with Digital Elevation Models (DEM) being generated for all sites. The results indicate that, at the average flood level of 3 m, species diversity and architecture of the forests changes, thus justifying the classification into the categories of low várzea (várzea baixa) and high várzea (várzea alta). In a first step to scale up, the study sites were observed by aerial photography. Tree heights, crown sizes, the projected crown area coverage and the gap frequencies provide information, which confirms a remotely sensed classification into three different forest types. The structure of low várzea depends on the successional stage, and species diversity increases with increasing age of the formations. In high várzea, only one successional stage was found and species diversity is higher than in all low-várzea formations. The more complex architecture of the high-várzea forest results in a more diffuse behaviour pattern in pixel distribution, when scanned by TM image data.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *