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The Impact of Climate Change on Viticulture and Wine Quality*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 June 2016

Cornelis van Leeuwen*
Affiliation:
Bordeaux Sciences Agro, ISVV, UMR Ecophysiologie et Génomique Fonctionnelle de la Vigne n° 1287, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France
Philippe Darriet
Affiliation:
Université de Bordeaux, Unité de recherche Œnologie, ESC 1366 INRA, ISVV, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France; e-mail: philippe.darriet@u-bordeaux2.fr.
*
(corresponding author). e-mail: vanleeuwen@agro-bordeaux.fr

Abstract

Climate change is a major challenge in wine production. Temperatures are increasing worldwide, and most regions are exposed to water deficits more frequently. Higher temperatures trigger advanced phenology. This shifts the ripening phase to warmer periods in the summer, which will affect grape composition, in particular with respect to aroma compounds. Increased water stress reduces yields and modifies fruit composition. The frequency of extreme climatic events (hail, flooding) is likely to increase. Depending on the region and the amount of change, this may have positive or negative implications on wine quality. Adaptation strategies are needed to continue to produce high-quality wines and to preserve their typicity according to their origin in a changing climate. The choice of plant material is a valuable resource to implement these strategies. (JEL Classifications: Q13, Q54)

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © American Association of Wine Economists 2016 

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Footnotes

*

We thank Marc and Matthieu Dubernet for the data on grape composition in the Languedoc (Figure 2) and Alexandre Pons for the massoia lactone data (Figure 4).

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