Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Empirical Cognition in the Transcendental Deduction: Kant’s Starting Point and his Humean Problem

  • Curtis Sommerlatte (a1)

Abstract

In this article, I argue that in the sense of greatest epistemological concern for Kant, empirical cognition is ‘rational sensory discrimination’: the identification or differentiation of sensory objects from each other (whether correctly or not), occurring through a capacity of forming judgements (whether correct or not). With this account of empirical cognition, I show how the Transcendental Deduction of the first Critique is most plausibly read as having as its fundamental assumption the thesis that we have empirical cognition, and I provide evidence that Kant understood Hume as granting this assumption.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Allison, Henry E. (2004) Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense. Revised and enlarged edn. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Allison, Henry E. (2015) Kant’s Transcendental Deduction: An Analytical-Historical Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Anderson, R. Lanier (2010) ‘The Introduction to the Critique: Framing the Question’. In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 7592.
Ameriks, Karl (1978) ‘Kant's Transcendental Deduction as a Regressive Argument’. Kant-Studien, 69 (3), 273287.
Ameriks, Karl (2000a) Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the Appropriation of the Critical Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ameriks, Karl (2000b) Kant's Theory of Mind: An Analysis of the Paralogisms of Pure Reason. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Baumgarten, Alexander G. (2011) Metaphysica/Metaphysik: Historisch-kritische Ausgabe, trans. Günter Gawlick und Lothar Kreimendahl. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: frommann-holzboog.
Beck, Lewis White (1969) Early German Philosophy: Kant and his Predecessors. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Beiser, Frederick C. (2002) German Idealism: The Struggle against Subjectivism, 1781–1801. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bennett, Jonathan (1966) Kant's Analytic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Carl, Wolfgang (1989) ‘Kant's First Drafts of the Deduction of the Categories’. In Eckart Förster (ed.), Kant's Transcendental Deductions (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press), pp. 320.
Dicker, Georges (2004) Kant’s Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dickerson, A. B. (2003) Kant on Representation and Objectivity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Eberhard, Johann A. (1766) Allgemeine Theorie des Denkens und Empfindens. Berlin: Christian Friedrich Voß.
Edgar, Scott (2010) ‘The Explanatory Structure of the Transcendental Deduction and a Cognitive Interpretation of the First Critique ’. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 40 (2), 285314.
Engstrom, Stephen P. (1994) ‘The Transcendental Deduction and Skepticism’. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 32 (3), 359380.
George, Rolf (1981) ‘Kant's Sensationism’. Synthese, 47 (2), 229255.
Guyer, Paul (1987) Kant and the Claims of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Guyer, Paul (2010) ‘The Deduction of the Categories: The Metaphysical and Transcendental Deductions’. In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 118150.
Guyer, Paul (2013) ‘A Declaration of Interdependence: Review of Kant's Thinker by Patricia Kitcher’. European Journal of Philosophy, 21 (3), 495505.
Hanna, Robert (2006) Kant, Science, and Human Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Henrich, Dieter (1976) Identität und Objektivität. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag.
Hogan, Desmond (2010) ‘Kant's Copernican Turn and the Rationalist Tradition’. In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 2140.
Hume, David (1751) Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding. 2nd edn. London: Printed for M. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row.
Hume, David (1755) Philosophische Versuche über die Menschliche Erkenntniß: Als dessen vermischter Schriften Zweyter Theil. Nach der zweyten vermehrten Ausgabe aus dem Englischen übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen des Herausgebers begleitet. Ed. Johann Georg Sulzer. Hamburg und Leipzig: Georg Christian Grund & Adam Heinrich Holle. [Reprinted in Heiner F. Klemme (ed.), Reception of the Scottish Enlightenment in Germany: Six Significant Translations, 1755–1782, vol. 1 (Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 2000)].
Jankowiak, Tim, and Watkins, Eric (2014) ‘Meat on the Bones: Kant’s Account of Cognition in the Anthropology Lectures’. In Alix Cohen (ed.), Kant's Lectures on Anthropology: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 5775.
Kemp Smith, Norman (1918) A Commentary to Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason'. London: Macmillan & Co.
Kitcher, Patricia (2011) Kant's Thinker. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kuehn, Manfred (2005) ‘The Reception of Hume in Germany’. In Peter Jones (ed.) The Reception of David Hume in Europe. London: Thoemmes Continuum), pp. 98138.
Lambert, J. H. (1764) Neue Organon: oder Gedanken über die Erforschung und Bezeichnung des Wahren und dessen Unterscheidung vom Irrthum und Schein, vol. 1, Leipzig: Johann Wendler.
Leibniz, G. W. (1989) ‘Meditations on Knowledge, Truth, and Ideas’. In Roger Ariew and Daniel Garber (eds and trs), Philosophical Essays (Indianapolis, IN: Hackett), pp. 2327.
Leibniz, G. W. (1996) New Essays on Human Understanding, Trans. and ed. Jonathan Bennett and Peter Remnant. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Meier, Georg F. (1752) Auszug aus der Vernunftlehre. Halle: Johann Justinus Gebauer.
Merritt, Melissa M. (2009) ‘Kant's Argument for the Apperception Principle’. European Journal of Philosophy, 19 (1), 5984.
Paton, H. J. (1936) Kant's Metaphysic of Experience: A Commentary on the First Half of the Kritik der reinen Vernunft. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Schafer, Karl ( forthcoming) ‘Kant’s Conception of Cognition and our Knowledge of Things-in-Themselves’. In Nicholas Stang and Karl Schafer (eds), The Sensible and Intelligible Worlds: New Essays on Kant’s Metaphysics and Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Smit, Houston (2000) ‘Kant on Marks and the Immediacy of Intuition’. Philosophical Review, 109 (2), 235266.
Sommerlatte, Curtis ( forthcoming) ‘Erkenntnis in Kant’s Logical Works’. In Violetta L. Waibel and Margit Ruffing (eds), Akten des 12. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses ‘Natur und Freiheit’ in Wien vom 21.–25. September 2015. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Van Cleve, James (2003) Problems from Kant. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Watkins, Eric, and Willaschek, Marcus ( forthcoming) ‘Kant's Account of Cognition’. Journal of the History of Philosophy.
Wolff, Christian (2003) Vernünfftige Gedancken: von Gott, der Welt und der Seele des Menschen, auch allen Dingen überhaupt (Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag), (1751 edn; 1st publ. in 1720).
Wolff, Robert Paul (1960) ‘Kant's Debt to Hume Via Beattie’. Journal of the History of Ideas, 21 (1), 117123.
Wolff, Robert Paul (1963) Kant's Theory of Mental Activity: A Commentary on the Transcendental Analytic of the Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Empirical Cognition in the Transcendental Deduction: Kant’s Starting Point and his Humean Problem

  • Curtis Sommerlatte (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.