Abbott Carl. (1987). The new urban America: Growth and politics in Sunbelt cities. 2nd ed.Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Bailey Guy. (1997). When did Southern American English begin? In Schneider E. (ed.), Englishes around the world 1. Studies in honor of Manfred Goörlach. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 255–275.
Baxter Gareth J., Blythe Richard A., Croft William, & McKane Alan J. (2009). Modeling language change: An evaluation of Trudgill's theory of the emergence of New Zealand English. Language Variation and Change 21:257–296.
Boersma Paul, & Weenink David. (2012). Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. Version 5.3.16. Accessed May 23, 2012 from http://www.praat.org/
Britain David. (1997). Dialect contact, focusing and phonological rule complexity: The koineisation of Fenland English. In Boberg C., Meyerhoff M., & Strassel S. (eds.), A selection of papers from NWAVE 25. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 4:141–170.
Britain David, & Trudgill Peter. (2005). New dialect formation and contact-induced reallocation: Three case studies from the English Fens. International Journal of English Studies 5:183–209.
Chun Elaine. (2001). The construction of White, Black, and Korean American identities through African American Vernacular English. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 11:52–64.
Coates Jennifer. (1993). Women, men, and language. 2nd ed.London: Longman.
Coates Jennifer. (1998). Language and gender: A reader. Oxford: Blackwell.
Dwyer Rachel E. (2010). Poverty, prosperity, and place: The shape of class segregation in the age of extremes. Social Problems 57:114–137.
Eckert Penelope. (2000). Linguistic variation as social practice. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Eckert Penelope. (2008). Variation and the indexical field. Journal of Sociolinguistics 12:453–476.
Fridland Valerie. (2000). The Southern Shift in Memphis, Tennessee. Language Variation and Change 11:267–285.
Fridland Valerie. (2001). The social dimension of the Southern Vowel Shift: Gender, age, and class. Journal of Sociolinguistics 5:233–253.
Fridland Valerie. (2003). Tie, tied, and tight: The expansion of /ai/ monophthongization in African-American and European-American speech in Memphis, Tennessee. Journal of Sociolinguistics 7:279–298.
Fagyal Zsuzsanna, Swarup Samarth, Escobar Anna Maria, Gasser Les, & Lakkaraju Kiran. (2010). Centers and peripheries: Network roles in language change. Lingua 120:2061–2079.
Guy Gregory R., & Cutler Cecelia. (2011). Speech style and authenticity: Quantitative evidence for the performance of identity. Language Variation and Change 23:139–162.
Hazen Kirk. (2002). Identity and language variation in a rural community. Language 78:240–257.
Hoffman Michol F., & Walker James A. (2010). Ethnolects and the city: Ethnic orientation and linguistic variation in Toronto English. Language Variation and Change 22:37–67.
Holmes Janet. (1997). Setting new standards: sound changes and gender in New Zealand English. English World-Wide 18(1):107–142.
Johnstone Barbara, Andrus Jennifer, & Danielson Andrew E. (2006). Mobility, indexicality, and the enregisterment of “Pittsburghese.” Journal of English Linguistics 34:77–104.
Kerswill Paul. (2002). Koineization and accommodation. In Chambers J. K., Trudgill P., & Schilling-Estes N. (eds.), The handbook of language variation and change. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 669–702.
Kerswill Paul, & Trudgill Peter. (2005). The birth of new dialects. In Auer P., Hinskens F., & Kerswill P. (eds.), Dialect change: Convergence and divergence in European languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 196–220.
Kerswill Paul, & Williams Ann. (2000). Creating a new town koine: Children and language change in Milton Keynes. Language in Society 29:65–115.
Labov William. (1972). On the mechanism of linguistic change. In Sociolinguistic patterns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 122–142.
Labov William. (1991). The three dialects of English. In Eckert P. (ed.), New ways of analyzing sound change. New York: Academic Press. 1–44.
Labov William. (2007). Transmission and diffusion. Language 83:344–387.
Labov William, Ash Sharon, & Boberg Charles. (2006). The atlas of North American English: Phonetics, phonology, and sound change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Lobanov Boris M. (1971). Classification of Russian vowels spoken by different speakers. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 49:606–608.
Mæhlum Brit. (1997). Dølamäl: dialektene I Bardu og Mälselv. Mälselv: Mällag.
Mallinson Christine. (2006). The dynamic construction of race, class, and gender through linguistic practice among women in a Black Appalachian community. Ph.D. dissertation, North Carolina State University.
Mendoza-Denton Norma Catalina. (1997). Chicana/Mexican identity and linguistic variation: An ethnographic and sociolinguistic study of gang affiliation in an urban high school. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University.
Mendoza-Denton Norma Catalina. (2008). Homegirls: Language and cultural practice among Latina youth gangs. London: Wiley Blackwell.
Milroy Lesley. (1987). Language and social networks. 2nd ed.Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Omdal H. (1977). Høyangermälet—en ny dialect. Spräklig Samling 18:7–9.
Preston Dennis R. (1989). Perceptual dialectology: Nonlinguists’ views of areal linguistics. Providence: Foris Publications.
Preston Dennis R. (2003). Folk linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
R Development Core Team. (2010). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0. Accessed from http://www.R-project.org/.
Roeder Rebecca Virginia. (2006). Ethnicity and sound change: Mexican American accommodation to the northern cities shift in Lansing, Michigan. Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University.
Rohe William M. (2011). The Research Triangle: From Tobacco Road to global prominence. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Silverstein Michael. (2003). Indexical order and the dialectics of sociolinguistic life. Language and Communication 23:193–229.
Thomas Erik R. (1997). A rural/metropolitan split in the speech of Texas Anglos. Language Variation and Change 9(3):309–332.
Thomas Erik R. (2003). Secrets revealed by Southern vowel shifting. American Speech 78:150–170.
Troutman Celina, Clark Brady, & Goldrick Matthew. (2008). Social networks and intraspeaker variation during periods of language change. Proceedings of the 31st Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 14(1).
Trudgill Peter. (1974). The social differentiation of English in Norwich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Trudgill Peter. (1986). Dialects in contact. Oxford: Blackwell.
Trudgill Peter. (1998) The chaos before the order: New Zealand English and the second stage of new-dialect formation. In Jahr E. H. (ed.), Advances in historical linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 1–11.
Trudgill Peter, Gordon Elizabeth, Lewis Gillian, & Maclagan Margaret. (2000). Determinism in new-dialect formation and the genesis of New Zealand English. Journal of Linguistics 36:299–318.
Watt Dominic. (2002). “I don't speak with a Geordie accent, I speak, like, the Northern accent”: Contact-induced leveling in the Tyneside vowel system. Journal of Sociolinguistics 6:44–63.
Weinstein Bernard, Gross Harold T., & Rees John. (1985). Regional growth and decline in the United States. 2nd ed.New York: Praeger.