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  • Cited by 5
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Scanlan, Padraic Xavier 2016. Blood, Money and Endless Paper: Slavery and Capital in British Imperial History. History Compass, Vol. 14, Issue. 5, p. 218.

    Smiley, Will 2014. THE BURDENS OF SUBJECTHOOD: THE OTTOMAN STATE, RUSSIAN FUGITIVES, AND INTERIMPERIAL LAW, 1774–1869. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 46, Issue. 01, p. 73.

    Wood, Laurie M. 2014. Across Oceans and Revolutions: Law and Slavery in French Saint-Domingue and Beyond. Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 39, Issue. 3, p. 758.

    Hanß, Stefan 2013. Sklaverei im vormodernen Mediterraneum. Tendenzen aktueller Forschungen. Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung, Vol. 40, Issue. 4, p. 623.

    Johnson, Walter 2011. Resetting the Legal History of Slavery: Divination, Torture, Poisoning, Murder, Revolution, Emancipation, and Re-enslavement. Law and History Review, Vol. 29, Issue. 04, p. 1089.


Paper Thin: Freedom and Re-enslavement in the Diaspora of the Haitian Revolution


In the summer of 1809 a flotilla of boats arrived in New Orleans carrying more than 9,000 Saint-Domingue refugees recently expelled from the Spanish colony of Cuba. These migrants nearly doubled the population of New Orleans, renewing its Francophone character and populating the neighborhoods of the Vieux Carré and Faubourg Marigny. At the heart of the story of their disembarkation, however, is a legal puzzle. Historians generally tell us that the arriving refugees numbered 2,731 whites, 3,102 free people of color, and 3,226 slaves. But slavery had been abolished in Saint-Domingue by decree in 1793, and abolition had been ratified by the French National Convention in 1794. In what sense and by what right, then, were thousands of men, women, and children once again to be held to be “slaves”?

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Rebecca J. Scott and Jean M. Hébrard , Freedom Papers: An Atlantic Odyssey in the Age of Emancipation (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, forthcoming 2012)

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Law and History Review
  • ISSN: 0738-2480
  • EISSN: 1939-9022
  • URL: /core/journals/law-and-history-review
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