Skip to main content

World survey of the genus Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae, lichenized Ascomycota)

  • Lauri SAAG (a1), Andres SAAG (a1) and Tiina RANDLANE (a1)

A comparative review of 57 Lepraria species and 2 varieties is provided together with species descriptions and a key. Lecanora leuckertiana is transferred to Lepraria. In addition some putative taxa by different authors are discussed.

Hide All
Acharius, E. (1803) Methodus qua omnes detectos lichenes secundum organa carpomorpha ad genera, species et varietates redigere atque observationibus illustrare tentavit Erik Acharius (Methodus Lichenum). Cum tab. aen. Stockholm.
Aptroot, A. (2002) New and interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi in Brazil. Fungal Diversity 9: 1545.
Aptroot, A., Diederich, P., Sérusiaux, E. & Sipman, H. J. M. 1997. Lichens and lichenicolous fungi from New Guinea. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 64: 1220.
Baruffo, L., Zedda, L., Elix, J. A. & Tretiach, M. (2006) A revision of the lichen genus Lepraria s. lat. in Italy. Nova Hedwigia 83: 387429.
Bayerová, Š. & Haas, K. (2005) Toensbergianic acid, a new aliphatic diacid from the genus Lepraria (Ascomycota, Stereocaulaceae). Bryologist 108: 224227.
Bayerová, Š., Kukwa, M. & Fehrer, J. (2005) A new species of Lepraria (lichenized Ascomycetes) from Europe. Bryologist 108: 131138.
Canals, A., Hernandez-Marine, M., Gomez-Bolea, A. & Llimona, X. (1997) Botryolepraria, a new monotypic genus segregated from Lepraria. Lichenologist 29: 339345.
Crespo, A., Arguello, A., Lumbsh, H. T., Llimona, X. & Tønsberg, T. (2006) A new species of Lepraria (Lecanorales: Stereocaulaceae) from the Canary Islands and the typification of Lepraria isidiata. Lichenologist 38: 213221.
Ekman, S. & Tønsberg, T. 2002. Most species of Lepraria and Leproloma form a monophyletic group closely related to Stereocaulon. Mycological Research 106: 12621276.
Elix, J. A. (2005) New species of sterile crustose lichens from Australasia. Mycotaxon 94: 219224.
Elix, J. A. (2006 a) A new species of Lepraria (lichenized Ascomycota) from Australia. Australasian Lichenology 58: 2023.
Elix, J. A. (2006 b) The chemical diversity of Lepraria coriensis and L. usnica (lichenized Ascomycota) in Australia. Australasian Lichenology 58: 2426.
Elix, J. A. & Tønsberg, T. (2004) Notes on the chemistry of some lichens, including four species of Lepraria. Graphis Scripta 16: 4345.
Elix, J. A., Øvstedal, D. G. & Gremmen, N. J. M. (2005) A new Lepraria species from Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean. Mycotaxon 93: 273275.
Fehrer, J., Slavíková-Bayerová, Š. & Orange, A. (2008) Large genetic divergence of new, morphologically similar species of sterile lichens from Europe (Lepraria, Stereocaulaceae, Ascomycota): concordance of DNA sequence data with secondary metabolites. Cladistics 24: 443458.
Flakus, A. & Kukwa, M. (2007) New species and records of Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) from South America. Lichenologist 39: 463474.
Grube, M., Baloch, E. & Arup, U. (2004) A phylogenetic study of the Lecanora rupicola group (Lecanoraceae, Ascomycota). Mycological Research 108: 506514.
Harris, R. C. (1977) Lichens of the Straits Counties, Michigan. Published by the author.
Henssen, A. & Jahns, H. M. (1974) Lichenes. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag.
Hildreth, K. C. & Ahmadjian, V. (1981) A study of Trebouxia and Pseudotrebouxia isolates from different lichens. Lichenologist 13: 6586.
Kantvilas, G. & Kukwa, M. (2006) A new species of Lepraria (lichenized Ascomycetes) from Tasmania’s wet forests. Muelleria 23: 36.
Kirk, P. M., Cannon, P. F., David, J. C. & Stalpers, J. A., eds. (2001) Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi. 9th edition. Wallingford: CAB International.
Knudsen, K. & Elix, J. A. (2007) A new Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae) from the Santa Monica Mountains in southern California. Bryologist 110: 115118.
Knudsen, K. & Elix, J. A. (2008) Additional species: Lepraria. In Lichen Flora of the Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 3 (T. H. Nash III, C. Gries & F. Bungartz, eds): 384388.
Knudsen, K., Elix, J. A. & Lendemer, J. C. (2007) Lepraria adhaerens: a new species from North America. Opuscula Philolichenum 4: 510.
Kukwa, M. (2002) Taxonomic notes on the lichen genera Lepraria and Leproloma. Annales Botanici Fennici 39: 225226.
Kukwa, M. (2006 a) Notes on taxonomy and distribution of the lichen species Lepraria ecorticata comb. nov. Mycotaxon 97: 6366.
Kukwa, M. (2006 b) The lichen genus Lepraria in Poland. Lichenologist 38: 293305.
Kukwa, M. & Diederich, P. (2007) New records of leprarioid lichens from Luxembourg and France, with the first report of fertile Lecanora rouxii. Bulletin de la Societe des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois 108: 1519.
Kümmerling, H., Leuckert, C. & Wirth, V. (1991) Chemische Flechtenanalysen VI. Lepraria incana (L.) Ach. Nova Hedwigia 53: 507517.
Laundon, J. R. (1963) Nomen conservendum propositum. (99) Proposal for the conservation of the generic name Lepraria Acharius against Pulina Adanson and Conia Ventenant. Taxon 12: 3637.
Laundon, J. R. (1974) Leproplaca in the British Isles. Lichenologist 6: 102105.
Laundon, J. R. (1981) The species of Chrysothrix. Lichenologist 13: 101121.
Laundon, J. R. (1989) The species of Leproloma – the name for the Lepraria membranacea group. Lichenologist 21: 122.
Laundon, J. R. (1992) Lepraria in the British Isles. Lichenologist 24: 315350.
Laundon, J. R. (2003) Six lichens of the Lecanora varia group. Nova Hedwigia 76: 83111.
Laundon, J. R. (2008) Some synonyms in Chrysothrix and Lepraria. Lichenologist 40: 411414.
Lendemer, J. C. (2005) Lichens of Eastern North America Exsiccati. Fascicle IV, nos. 151–200. Opuscula Philolichenum 2: 3752.
Lendemer, J. C. & Harris, R. C. (2007) Lepraria normandinoides, a new widespread species from eastern North America. Opuscula Philolichenum 4: 4550.
Lendemer, J. C, Knudsen, K. & Elix, J. A. (2008) Lepraria friabilis, a new species from eastern North America. Opuscula Philolichenum 5: 61–66.
Leuckert, C. & Kümmerling, H. (1991) Chemotaxonomische Studien in der Gattung Leproloma Nyl. ex Crombie (Lichenes). Nova Hedwigia 52: 1732.
Leuckert, C., Kümmerling, H. & Wirth, V. (1995) Chemotaxonomy of Lepraria Ach. and Leproloma Nyl. ex Crombie, with particular reference to Central Europe. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 58: 245259.
Leuckert, C., Wirth, V., Kümmerling, H. & Heklau, M. (2004) Chemical lichen analyses XIV. Lepraria nivalis J. R. Laundon and Lepraria flavescens Cl. Roux & Tønsberg. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 88: 393407.
Lohtander, K. (1994) The genus Lepraria in Finland. Annales Botanici Fennici 31: 223231.
Lohtander, K. (1995) The lichen genus Leproloma in Finland and some notes on the Lepraria neglecta group. Annales Botanici Fennici 32: 4954.
Makarova, I. I., Himelbrant, D. E., Shapiro, I. A. (2006) Key to the species of Lepraria Ach. in Russia. In Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Non Vascularum, Tomus XL: 258273. KMK Moskva: Academia Scientiarum Rossica.
Nelsen, M. P. & Gargas, A. (2006) Actin type I introns offer potential for increasing phylogenetic resolution in Asterochloris (Chlorophyta: Trebouxiophyceae). Lichenologist 38: 435440.
Nelsen, M. P. & Gargas, A. (2008 a) Dissociation and horizontal transmission of codispersing lichen symbionts in the genus Lepraria (Lecanorales: Stereocaulaceae). New Phytologist 177: 264275.
Nelsen, M. P. & Gargas, A. (2008 b) Phylogenetic distribution and evolution of secondary metabolites in the lichenized fungal genus Lepraria (Lecanorales: Stereocaulaceae). Nova Hedwigia 86: 115131.
Nelsen, M. P., Lumbsch, T. H., Lücking, R. & Elix, J. A. (2008) Further evidence for the polyphyly of Lepraria (Lecanorales: Stereocaulaceae). Nova Hedwigia 87: xxxxxx (in press).
Nöske, N., Mandl, N. & Sipman, H. J. M. (2007) Lichenes. Checklist Reserva Biologica San Francisco (Prov. Zamora-Chinchipe, S-Ecuador). Ecotropical Monographs 4: 101117.
Orange, A. (1997) Chemical variation in Lepraria eburnea. Lichenologist 29: 913.
Orange, A. (2001) Lepraria atlantica, a new species from the British Isles. Lichenologist 33: 461465.
Orange, A. & Wolseley, P. (2005) Two new thamnolic acid-containing Lepraria species from Thailand. Lichenologist 37: 247250.
Orange, A., James, P. W. & White, F. J. (2001 a) Microchemical Methods for the Identification of Lichens. British Lichen Society.
Orange, A., Wolseley, P., Karunaratne, V. & Bombuwala, K. (2001 b) Two leprarioid lichens new to Sri Lanka. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 78: 327333.
Øvstedal, D. O., Lewis Smith, R. I. (2001) Lichens of Antarctica and South Georgia. A Guide to their Identification and Ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Prigodina-Lukošienë, I., Kukwa, M. & Naujalis, J. R. (2003) Lichen species new to Lithuania. Botanica Lithuanica 9: 379384.
Reichenbach, H. G. L. (1841) Der Deutche Botaniker 1. Dresden & Leipzig: Arnold.
Saag, L., Hansen, E. S., Saag, A. & Randlane, T. (2007) Survey of Lepraria and Leprocaulon in Greenland. Mycotaxon 102: 5790.
Sipman, H. J. M. (2003) New species of Cryptothecia, Lepraria, and Ocellularia (lichenized Ascomycetes) from Singapore. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 86: 177184.
Sipman, H. J. M. (2004) Survey of Lepraria species with lobed thallus margins in the tropics [Übersicht der Lepraria-Arten mit gelappten Thallusrändern in den Tropen]. Herzogia 17: 2335.
Sipman, H. & Raus, T. (1999) A lichenological comparison of the Paros and Santorini island groups (Aegean, Greece), with annotated checklist. Willdenowia 29: 239297.
Slavíková-Bayerová, Š. & Fehrer, J. (2007) New species of the Lepraria neglecta group (Stereocaulaceae, Ascomycota) from Europe. Lichenologist 39: 319327.
Slavíková-Bayerová, Š. & Orange, A. (2006) Three new species of Lepraria (Ascomycota, Stereocaulaceae) containing fatty acids and atranorin. Lichenologist 38: 503513.
Spribille, T. & Tønsberg, T. (2007) Lepraria bergensis and L. obtusatica new to Germany. Herzogia 20: 327328.
Tønsberg, T. (1992) The sorediate and isidiate, corticolous, crustose lichens in Norway. Sommerfeltia 14: 1331.
Tønsberg, T. (2002) Notes on non-corticolous Lepraria s. lat. in Norway. Graphis Scripta 13: 4551.
Tønsberg, T. (2004) Lepraria. In Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2 (T. H. Nash, III, B. D. Ryan, P. Diederich, C. Gries, & F. Bungartz, eds): 322–329. Tempe, Arizona: Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University.
Tønsberg, T. (2007) Notes on the lichen genus Lepraria in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, southeastern North America: Lepraria lanata and L. salazinica spp. nov. Opuscula Philolichenum 4: 5154.
Tønsberg, T. & Zhurbenko, M. (2006) Lepraria gelida, a new species from the Arctic. Graphis Scripta 18: 64.
Tretiach, M., Muggia, L. & Baruffo, L. (2009) Species delimitation in the Lepraria isidiata – L. santosii group: a population study in the Mediterranean-Macaronesian region. Lichenologist 41: 115.
van den Boom, P., Brand, M., Diederich, P., Aptroot, A. & Sérusiaux, E. (1994) Report of a lichenological field meeting in Luxembourg. Bulletin de la Societe des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois 95: 145176.
Vězda, A. (1973) Lichenes Selecti Exsiccati, Editi ab Instituto Botanico Academiae Scientiarum Cechoslovacae, Pruhonice prope Pragam. Fasc. XLVII. (No. 1151–1175). X. 7 pp.
Wirth, V., Düll, R., Llimona, X., Ros, R. M. & Werner, O. (2004) Guía de Campo de los Líquenes, Musgos y Hepdticas. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega.
Zedda, L. (2000 a) Lecanora leuckertiana sp. nov. (lichenized Ascomycetes, Lecanorales) from Italy, Greece, Morocco and Spain. Nova Hedwigia 71: 107112.
Zedda, L. (2000 b) The lichen genera Lepraria and Leproloma in Sardinia (Italy). Cryptogamie, Mycologie 21: 249267.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Lichenologist
  • ISSN: 0024-2829
  • EISSN: 1096-1135
  • URL: /core/journals/lichenologist
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed