Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-v5vhk Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-18T15:32:02.715Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

First occurrence of the Monrovia doctorfish Acanthurus monroviae (Perciformes: Acanthuridae) in European Atlantic waters

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 February 2013

Bárbara Horta e Costa
Eco-Ethology Research Unit, ISPA—Instituto Universitário, R. Jardim do Tabaco 34, 1149-041 Lisboa, Portugal Centre of Marine Sciences, CCMAR, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
Emanuel J. Gonçalves*
Eco-Ethology Research Unit, ISPA—Instituto Universitário, R. Jardim do Tabaco 34, 1149-041 Lisboa, Portugal
Correspondence should be addressed to: E.J. Gonçalves, Eco-Ethology Research Unit, ISPA—Instituto Universitário, R. Jardim do Tabaco 34, 1149-041 Lisboa, Portugal email:
Get access


Acanthurus monroviae is reported for the first time in European Atlantic waters. One adult specimen of this species was observed and photographed in the Arrábida Marine Park (Portugal, 38.43°N9.07°W) in December 2007. Short term temperature changes associated with warmer winters may favour the occurrence of vagrant individuals of tropical species in this temperate biogeographic transition zone. This area is considered an important ‘barometer' for studying the effects of climate change with possibly permanent expansions of the geographical ranges of these species.

Research Article
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2013

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Ben Souiss, J., Diatta, Y., Lamia, G.B.A. and Capape, C. (2011) Occurrence of the Monrovian surgeonfish Acanthurus monroviae (Osteichthyes: Acanthuridae) off the coast of Tunisia (central Mediterranean). Cahiers de Biologie Marine 52, 331335.Google Scholar
Crespo, J., Rey, J.C. and Garcia, A. (1987) Primera cita de Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 y de Diodon eydouxii Brissout de Barneville, 1846 para la ichthyofauna de Europa. Miscellania Zoologica 11, 271275.Google Scholar
Ferreira, C.E.L., Luiz, O.J., Feitoza, B., Ferreira, C.G.W., Noguchi, R.C., Gasparini, J.L., Joyeux, J.C., Godoy, E.A.S., Rangel, C.A., Rocha, L.A., Floeter, S.R. and Carvalho-Filho, A. (2009) Peixes recifais: síntese do atual conhecimento. In Vianna, D.L., Hazin, F.H. and Souza, M.A.C. (eds) O Arquipélago de São Pedro e São Paulo: 10 anos de estação científica. Brasília: Comissão Interministerial dos Recursos do Mar, pp. 244340.Google Scholar
Golani, D. and Sonin, O. (1996) The occurrence of the tropical West African marine fishes Acanthurus monroviae (Acanthuridae) and Arius parkii (Ariidae) in the Levant. Aqua: Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 2, 13.Google Scholar
Hemida, F., Diatta, Y., Golani, D., Ben Souiss, J., Guelorget, O. and Capape, C. (2004) On the occurrence of the Monrovian surgeonfish, Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 (Osteichthyes: Acanthuridae) off the coast of Algeria (southern Mediterranean). Acta Adriatica 45, 181185.Google Scholar
Henriques, M., Gonçalves, E.J. and Almada, V.C. (2007) Rapid shifts in a marine fish assemblage follow fluctuations in winter sea conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 340, 259270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Joyeux, J.-C., Floeter, S.R., Ferreira, C.E.L. and Gasparini, J.L. (2001) Biogeography of tropical reef fishes: the South Atlantic puzzle. Journal of Biogeography 28, 831841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luiz-Júnior, O.J., Floeter, S.R., Gasparini, J.L., Ferreira, C.E.L. and Wirtz, P. (2004) The occurrence of Acanthurus monroviae (Perciformes: Acanthuridae) in the south-western Atlantic, with comments on other eastern Atlantic reef fishes occurring in Brazil. Journal of Fish Biology 65, 11731179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luiz, O.J., Madin, J.S., Robertson, D.R., Rocha, L.A., Wirtz, P. and Floeter, S.R. (2012) Ecological traits influencing range expansion across large oceanic dispersal barriers: insights from tropical Atlantic reef fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Series B 279, 10331040.Google ScholarPubMed
McCormick, M.I. (1999) Delayed metamorphosis of a tropical reef fish (Acanthurus triostegus): a field experiment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 176, 2538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rocha, L.A., Bass, A.L., Robertson, D.R. and Bowen, B.W. (2002) Adult habitat preferences, larval dispersal, and the comparative phylogeography of three Atlantic surgeonfishes (Teleostei: Acanthuridae). Molecular Ecology 11, 243251.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wooster, W.S., Bakun, A. and McLain, D.R. (1976) The seasonal upwelling cycle along the eastern boundary of the North Atlantic. Journal of Marine Research 34, 131141.Google Scholar